In crystallothermodynamic analysis of conformational change of the topaquinone cofactor in bacterial copper amine oxidaseMurakawa, T., Baba, S., Kawano, Y., Hayashi, H., Yano, T., Kumasaka, T., Yamamoto, M., Tanizawa, K., Okajima, T.
(2019) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 116: 135-140
- PubMed: 30563857
- DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1811837116
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
In the catalytic reaction of copper amine oxidase, the protein-derived redox cofactor topaquinone (TPQ) is reduced by an amine substrate to an aminoresorcinol form (TPQ <sub>amr </sub>), which is in equilibrium with a semiquinone radical (TPQ <sub>sq ...
In the catalytic reaction of copper amine oxidase, the protein-derived redox cofactor topaquinone (TPQ) is reduced by an amine substrate to an aminoresorcinol form (TPQ amr ), which is in equilibrium with a semiquinone radical (TPQ sq ). The transition from TPQ amr to TPQ sq is an endothermic process, accompanied by a significant conformational change of the cofactor. We employed the humid air and glue-coating (HAG) method to capture the equilibrium mixture of TPQ amr and TPQ sq in noncryocooled crystals of the enzyme from Arthrobacter globiformis and found that the equilibrium shifts more toward TPQ sq in crystals than in solution. Thermodynamic analyses of the temperature-dependent equilibrium also revealed that the transition to TPQ sq is entropy-driven both in crystals and in solution, giving the thermodynamic parameters that led to experimental determination of the crystal packing effect. Furthermore, we demonstrate that the binding of product aldehyde to the hydrophobic pocket in the active site produces various equilibrium states among two forms of the product Schiff-base, TPQ amr , and TPQ sq , in a pH-dependent manner. The temperature-controlled HAG method provides a technique for thermodynamic analysis of conformational changes occurring in protein crystals that are hardly scrutinized by conventional cryogenic X-ray crystallography.
Advanced Photon Technology Division, RIKEN SPring-8 Center, Sayo-gun, 679-5148 Hyogo, Japan.,Department of Chemistry, Osaka Medical College, Takatsuki, 569-8686 Osaka, Japan; email@example.com.,Department of Biochemistry, Osaka Medical College, Takatsuki, 569-8686 Osaka, Japan.,Department of Chemistry, Osaka Medical College, Takatsuki, 569-8686 Osaka, Japan.,Protein Crystal Analysis Division, Structure Analysis Promotion Group, Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute, Sayo-gun, 679-5198 Hyogo, Japan.,Department of Biomolecular Science and Reaction, Institute of Scientific and Industrial Research, Osaka University, Ibaraki, 567-0047 Osaka, Japan.