TYR

TYROSINE


View summary at Ligand Expo



Chemical Component Summary

NameTYROSINE
Identifiers(2S)-2-amino-3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)propanoic acid
FormulaC9 H11 N O3
Molecular Weight181.19
TypeL-PEPTIDE LINKING
Isomeric SMILESN[C@@H](Cc1ccc(O)cc1)C(O)=O
InChIInChI=1S/C9H11NO3/c10-8(9(12)13)5-6-1-3-7(11)4-2-6/h1-4,8,11H,5,10H2,(H,12,13)/t8-/m0/s1
InChIKeyOUYCCCASQSFEME-QMMMGPOBSA-N

Chemical Details

Formal Charge0
Atom Count24
Chiral Atom Count1
Bond Count24
Aromatic Bond Count6

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank IDDB00135 
NameTyrosine
Groups
  • approved
  • investigational
  • nutraceutical
DescriptionTyrosine is a non-essential amino acid. In animals it is synthesized from [phenylalanine]. It is also the precursor of [epinephrine], thyroid hormones, and melanin.
Synonyms
  • 4-hydroxy-L-phenylalanine
  • (S)-3-(p-Hydroxyphenyl)alanine
  • Y
  • (S)-α-amino-4-hydroxybenzenepropanoic acid
  • (S)-2-Amino-3-(p-hydroxyphenyl)propionic acid
Brand Names
  • Olimel 5.7%
  • Olimel 7.6%
  • Aminosyn 7%
  • Vamin 18 Electrolyte-free
  • Smofkabiven
IndicationTyrosine is claimed to act as an effective antidepressant, however results are mixed. Tyrosine has also been claimed to reduce stress and combat narcolepsy and chronic fatigue, however these claims have been refuted by some studies.
Categories
  • Amino Acids
  • Amino Acids, Aromatic
  • Amino Acids, Cyclic
  • Amino Acids, Peptides, and Proteins
  • Dietary Supplements
CAS number60-18-4

Drug Targets

NameTarget SequencePharmacological ActionActions
Tyrosine 3-monooxygenaseMPTPDATTPQAKGFRRAVSELDAKQAEAIMVRGQGAPGPSLTGSPWPGTA...unknownbinder
Tyrosine--tRNA ligase, mitochondrialMAAPILRSFSWGRWSGTLNLSVLLPLGLRKAHSGAQGLLAAQKARGLFKD...unknown
Tyrosine--tRNA ligase, cytoplasmicMGDAPSPEEKLHLITRNLQEVLGEEKLKEILKERELKIYWGTATTGKPHV...unknown
Tyrosine aminotransferaseMDPYMIQMSSKGNLPSILDVHVNVGGRSSVPGKMKGRKARWSVRPSDMAK...unknown
Monocarboxylate transporter 8MALQSQASEEAKGPWQEADQEQQEPVGSPEPESEPEPEPEPEPVPVPPPE...unknowninhibitor
View More
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID:21059682

Related Resource References

Resource NameReference
PubChem6057
PubChem6942100
ChEBICHEBI:17895
ChEBICHEBI:58315
ChEMBLCHEMBL925