5MYX

Structure of Pyroglutamate-Abeta-specific Fab c#24 in complex with human Abeta-pE3-18


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.49 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.213 
  • R-Value Work: 0.180 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.182 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report



Literature

Structural and functional analyses of pyroglutamate-amyloid-beta-specific antibodies as a basis for Alzheimer immunotherapy.

Piechotta, A.Parthier, C.Kleinschmidt, M.Gnoth, K.Pillot, T.Lues, I.Demuth, H.U.Schilling, S.Rahfeld, J.U.Stubbs, M.T.

(2017) J Biol Chem 292: 12713-12724

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M117.777839
  • Structures With Same Primary Citation

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Alzheimer disease is associated with deposition of the amyloidogenic peptide Aβ in the brain. Passive immunization using Aβ-specific antibodies has been demonstrated to reduce amyloid deposition both in vitro and in vivo Because N-t ...

    Alzheimer disease is associated with deposition of the amyloidogenic peptide Aβ in the brain. Passive immunization using Aβ-specific antibodies has been demonstrated to reduce amyloid deposition both in vitro and in vivo Because N-terminally truncated pyroglutamate (pE)-modified Aβ species (Aβ pE3 ) exhibit enhanced aggregation potential and propensity to form toxic oligomers, they represent particularly attractive targets for antibody therapy. Here we present three separate monoclonal antibodies that specifically recognize Aβ pE3 with affinities of 1-10 nm and inhibit Aβ pE3 fibril formation in vitro. In vivo application of one of these resulted in improved memory in Aβ pE3 oligomer-treated mice. Crystal structures of F ab -Aβ pE3 complexes revealed two distinct binding modes for the peptide. Juxtaposition of pyroglutamate pE3 and the F4 side chain (the "pEF head") confers a pronounced bulky hydrophobic nature to the Aβ pE3 N terminus that might explain the enhanced aggregation properties of the modified peptide. The deep burial of the pEF head by two of the antibodies explains their high target specificity and low cross-reactivity, making them promising candidates for the development of clinical antibodies.


    Organizational Affiliation

    the Institute of Biotechnology, Martin Luther University, 06108 Halle-Wittenberg, Germany, stubbs@biochemtech.uni-halle.de.



Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Fab c#24 light chainA, C219Mus musculusMutation(s): 0 
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Fab c#24 heavy chainB, D248Mus musculusMutation(s): 0 
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
  • Find similar proteins by: Sequence   |   Structure
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Pyroglutamate-Abeta pE3-18E, F16Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: APPA4AD1
Find proteins for P05067 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P05067 
Go to UniProtKB:  P05067
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS  P05067
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
PCA
Query on PCA
B,DL-PEPTIDE LINKINGC5 H7 N O3GLN
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.49 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.213 
  • R-Value Work: 0.180 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.182 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 115.611α = 90
b = 95.935β = 101.17
c = 90.371γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHASERphasing
PHENIXrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
XDSdata reduction
XDSdata scaling

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2017-06-28
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2017-08-09
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 2.0: 2020-03-11
    Changes: Atomic model, Data collection, Polymer sequence