Structure of ADP-bound N-ethylmaleimide sensitive factor determined by single particle cryoelectron microscopy

Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Resolution: 7.60 Å
  • Aggregation State: PARTICLE 
  • Reconstruction Method: SINGLE PARTICLE 

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Mechanistic insights into the recycling machine of the SNARE complex.

Zhao, M.Wu, S.Zhou, Q.Vivona, S.Cipriano, D.J.Cheng, Y.Brunger, A.T.

(2015) Nature 518: 61-67

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/nature14148
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3J94, 3J95, 3J96, 3J97, 3J98, 3J99

  • PubMed Abstract: 

    Evolutionarily conserved SNARE (soluble N-ethylmaleimide sensitive factor attachment protein receptors) proteins form a complex that drives membrane fusion in eukaryotes. The ATPase NSF (N-ethylmaleimide sensitive factor), together with SNAPs (soluble NSF attachment protein), disassembles the SNARE complex into its protein components, making individual SNAREs available for subsequent rounds of fusion. Here we report structures of ATP- and ADP-bound NSF, and the NSF/SNAP/SNARE (20S) supercomplex determined by single-particle electron cryomicroscopy at near-atomic to sub-nanometre resolution without imposing symmetry. Large, potentially force-generating, conformational differences exist between ATP- and ADP-bound NSF. The 20S supercomplex exhibits broken symmetry, transitioning from six-fold symmetry of the NSF ATPase domains to pseudo four-fold symmetry of the SNARE complex. SNAPs interact with the SNARE complex with an opposite structural twist, suggesting an unwinding mechanism. The interfaces between NSF, SNAPs, and SNAREs exhibit characteristic electrostatic patterns, suggesting how one NSF/SNAP species can act on many different SNARE complexes.

  • Organizational Affiliation

    1] Department of Molecular and Cellular Physiology, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, USA [2] Department of Neurology and Neurological Sciences, Department of Structural Biology, Department of Photon Science, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, USA.

Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChains Sequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Vesicle-fusing ATPase
A, B, C, D, E
A, B, C, D, E, F
747Cricetulus griseusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: NSF
Find proteins for P18708 (Cricetulus griseus)
Explore P18708 
Go to UniProtKB:  P18708
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupP18708
Sequence Annotations
  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Resolution: 7.60 Å
  • Aggregation State: PARTICLE 
  • Reconstruction Method: SINGLE PARTICLE 
EM Software:
TaskSoftware PackageVersion

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2015-01-28
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2015-02-11
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2018-07-18
    Changes: Data collection
  • Version 1.3: 2024-02-21
    Changes: Data collection, Database references, Derived calculations, Refinement description