How amino-acid insertions are allowed in an alpha-helix of T4 lysozyme.Heinz, D.W., Baase, W.A., Dahlquist, F.W., Matthews, B.W.
(1993) Nature 361: 561-564
- PubMed: 8429913
- DOI: 10.1038/361561a0
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:  102L, 103L, 104L, 201L
- PubMed Abstract:
- Control of Enzyme Activity by an Engineered Disulfide Bond
Matsumara, M.,Matthews, B.W.
(1989) Science 243: 792
- Structure of Bacteriophage T4 Lysozyme Refined at 1.7 Angstroms Resolution
Weaver, L.H.,Matthews, B.W.
(1987) J.Mol.Biol. 193: 189
Studies of extant protein sequences indicate that amino-acid insertions and deletions are preferentially located in loop regions, which has traditionally been explained as the result of selection removing deleterious mutations within secondary struct ...
Studies of extant protein sequences indicate that amino-acid insertions and deletions are preferentially located in loop regions, which has traditionally been explained as the result of selection removing deleterious mutations within secondary structural elements from the population. But there is no a priori reason to discount the possibility that insertions within secondary structure could either be tolerated until compensatory mutations arise, or have effects that are propagated away from secondary structure into loops. Earlier studies have indicated that insertions are generally tolerated, although much less well within secondary structure elements than in loop regions. Here we show that amino-acid insertions in an alpha-helix of T4 lysozyme can be accepted in two different ways. In some cases the inserted amino acids are accommodated within the helix, leading to the translocation of wild-type residues from the helix to the preceding loop. In other cases the insertion causes a 'looping-out' in the first or last turn of the helix. The individual structural responses seem to be dominated by the maintenance of the interface between the helix and the rest of the protein.
Institute of Molecular Biology, University of Oregon, Eugene 97403.