Investigation of beta-Substitution Activity of O-Acetylserine Sulfhydrolase from Citrullus vulgaris.Smith, J.L., Harrison, I.M., Bingman, C.A., Buller, A.R.
(2022) Chembiochem 23: e202200157-e202200157
- PubMed: 35476889
- DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/cbic.202200157
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
Pyridoxal-5'-phosphate (PLP)-dependent enzymes have garnered interest for their ability to synthesize non-standard amino acids (nsAAs). One such class of enzymes, O-acetylserine sulfhydrylases (OASSs), catalyzes the final step in the biosynthesis of l-cysteine. Here, we examine the β-substitution capability of the OASS from Citrullus vulgaris (CvOASS), a putative l-mimosine synthase. While the previously reported mimosine synthase activity was not reproducible in our hands, we successfully identified non-native reactivity with a variety of O-nucleophiles. Optimization of reaction conditions for carboxylate and phenolate substrates led to distinct conditions that were leveraged for the preparative-scale synthesis of nsAAs. We further show this enzyme is capable of C-C bond formation through a β-alkylation reaction with an activated nitroalkane. To facilitate understanding of this enzyme, we determined the crystal structure of the enzyme bound to PLP as the internal aldimine at 1.55 Å, revealing key features of the active site and providing information that may guide subsequent development of CvOASS as a practical biocatalyst.
Department of Biochemistry, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 433 Babcock Drive, Madison, Wisconsin, 53706, USA.