Chemical Component Summary

NameCITRIC ACID
Identifiers2-hydroxypropane-1,2,3-tricarboxylic acid
FormulaC6 H8 O7
Molecular Weight192.12
TypeNON-POLYMER
Isomeric SMILESC(C(=O)O)C(CC(=O)O)(C(=O)O)O
InChIInChI=1S/C6H8O7/c7-3(8)1-6(13,5(11)12)2-4(9)10/h13H,1-2H2,(H,7,8)(H,9,10)(H,11,12)
InChIKeyKRKNYBCHXYNGOX-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Chemical Details

Formal Charge0
Atom Count21
Chiral Atom Count0
Bond Count20
Aromatic Bond Count0

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank IDDB04272 
NameCitric acid
Groups
  • approved
  • nutraceutical
  • vet_approved
DescriptionA key intermediate in metabolism. It is an acid compound found in citrus fruits. The salts of citric acid (citrates) can be used as anticoagulants due to their calcium chelating ability. Citric acid was one of active ingredients in Phexxi, a non-hormonal contraceptive agent that was approved by the FDA on May 2020.[L14120]
Synonyms
  • Anhydrous citric acid
  • Citric Acid, Anhydrous
  • Citric acid monoglyceride
  • 2-hydroxy-1,2,3-propanetricarboxyic acid
  • ácido cítrico
Brand Names
  • Sanitize/Disinfect Wipes
  • Cytra-K Crystals
  • Freds Effervescent Antacid Pain Relief
  • Hemasate Ultra Hs3150
  • Anticoagulant Citrate Dextrose A
Categories
  • Acid Preparations
  • Acidifying Activity
  • Acids, Acyclic
  • Alimentary Tract and Metabolism
  • Calcium Chelating Activity
ATC-CodeA09AB04
CAS number77-92-9

Drug Targets

NameTarget SequencePharmacological ActionActions
Fumarate hydratase class IIMNTVRSEKDSMGAIDVPADKLWGAQTQRSLEHFRISTEKMPTSLIHALAL...unknowninhibitor
6-phosphogluconolactonaseMEKTVIYLLEDGYVDFVVEKIRTKMEKLLEEKDKIFVVLAGGRTPLPVYE...unknown
L-amino-acid oxidaseMAPLALHLLVLVPILLSLVASQDWKAERSQDPFEKCMQDPDYEQLLKVVT...unknown
Carboxy-terminal domain RNA polymerase II polypeptide A small phosphatase 1MDSSAVITQISKEEARGPLRGKGDQKSAASQKPRSRGILHSLFCCVCRDD...unknown
Cytochrome c peroxidaseDNLMERANSMFEPIPKYPPVIDGNELTQAKVELGKMEFFEPRLSSSHLIS...unknown
View More
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID:21059682

Related Resource References

Resource NameReference
CCDC/CSDCITARC01
PubChem88113319
PubChem311
PubChem19782904
ChEBICHEBI:30769
ChEMBLCHEMBL1261