6QS1

Crystal structure of human Angiotensin-1 converting enzyme N-domain in complex with BPPb


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.80 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.232 
  • R-Value Work: 0.202 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.202 

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This is version 3.0 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structural basis for the C-domain-selective angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition by bradykinin-potentiating peptide b (BPPb).

Sturrock, E.D.Lubbe, L.Cozier, G.E.Schwager, S.L.U.Arowolo, A.T.Arendse, L.B.Belcher, E.Acharya, K.R.

(2019) Biochem J 476: 1553-1570

  • DOI: 10.1042/BCJ20190290
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    6QS1

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) is a zinc metalloprotease best known for its role in blood pressure regulation. ACE consists of two homologous catalytic domains, the N- and C-domain, that display distinct but overlapping catalytic functions in vivo owing to subtle differences in substrate specificity ...

    Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) is a zinc metalloprotease best known for its role in blood pressure regulation. ACE consists of two homologous catalytic domains, the N- and C-domain, that display distinct but overlapping catalytic functions in vivo owing to subtle differences in substrate specificity. While current generation ACE inhibitors target both ACE domains, domain-selective ACE inhibitors may be clinically advantageous, either reducing side effects or having utility in new indications. Here, we used site-directed mutagenesis, an ACE chimera and X-ray crystallography to unveil the molecular basis for C-domain-selective ACE inhibition by the bradykinin-potentiating peptide b (BPPb), naturally present in Brazilian pit viper venom. We present the BPPb N-domain structure in comparison with the previously reported BPPb C-domain structure and highlight key differences in peptide interactions with the S 4 to S 9 subsites. This suggests the involvement of these subsites in conferring C-domain-selective BPPb binding, in agreement with the mutagenesis results where unique residues governing differences in active site exposure, lid structure and dynamics between the two domains were the major drivers for C-domain-selective BPPb binding. Mere disruption of BPPb interactions with unique S 2 and S 4 subsite residues, which synergistically assist in BPPb binding, was insufficient to abolish C-domain selectivity. The combination of unique S 9 -S 4 and S 2 ' subsite C-domain residues was required for the favourable entry, orientation and thus, selective binding of the peptide. This emphasizes the need to consider factors other than direct protein-inhibitor interactions to guide the design of domain-selective ACE inhibitors, especially in the case of larger peptides.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biology and Biochemistry, University of Bath, Claverton Down, Bath BA2 7AY, U.K.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Angiotensin-converting enzymeA, B629Homo sapiensMutation(s): 8 
Gene Names: ACEDCPDCP1
EC: 3.2.1 (PDB Primary Data), 3.4.15.1 (PDB Primary Data)
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P12821 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P12821 
Go to UniProtKB:  P12821
PHAROS:  P12821
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
  • Find similar proteins by:  Sequence   |   Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Bradykinin potentiating peptide bC [auth E], D [auth F]11Gloydius blomhoffiiMutation(s): 0 
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Oligosaccharides

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Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D DiagramGlycosylation3D Interactions
2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranoseE [auth C]2N-Glycosylation Oligosaccharides Interaction
Glycosylation Resources
GlyTouCan:  G42666HT
GlyCosmos:  G42666HT
GlyGen:  G42666HT
Entity ID: 4
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D DiagramGlycosylation3D Interactions
beta-D-mannopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-[alpha-L-fucopyranose-(1-6)]2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranoseF [auth D]4N-Glycosylation Oligosaccharides Interaction
Glycosylation Resources
GlyTouCan:  G32152BH
GlyCosmos:  G32152BH
GlyGen:  G32152BH
Entity ID: 5
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D DiagramGlycosylation3D Interactions
2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-[alpha-L-fucopyranose-(1-6)]2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranoseG, H3N-Glycosylation Oligosaccharides Interaction
Glycosylation Resources
GlyTouCan:  G21290RB
GlyCosmos:  G21290RB
GlyGen:  G21290RB
Entity ID: 6
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D DiagramGlycosylation3D Interactions
alpha-L-fucopyranose-(1-6)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranoseI2N-Glycosylation Oligosaccharides Interaction
Glycosylation Resources
GlyTouCan:  G86851RC
GlyCosmos:  G86851RC
GlyGen:  G86851RC
Small Molecules
Ligands 9 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
XPE
Query on XPE

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
J [auth A]3,6,9,12,15,18,21,24,27-NONAOXANONACOSANE-1,29-DIOL
C20 H42 O11
DTPCFIHYWYONMD-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NAG (Subject of Investigation/LOI)
Query on NAG

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
Z [auth B]2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose
C8 H15 N O6
OVRNDRQMDRJTHS-FMDGEEDCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
PGE
Query on PGE

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
T [auth A]TRIETHYLENE GLYCOL
C6 H14 O4
ZIBGPFATKBEMQZ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
PEG
Query on PEG

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BA [auth B], CA [auth B], M [auth A], Q [auth A]DI(HYDROXYETHYL)ETHER
C4 H10 O3
MTHSVFCYNBDYFN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
ZN
Query on ZN

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HA [auth B], V [auth A]ZINC ION
Zn
PTFCDOFLOPIGGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
EDO
Query on EDO

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AA [auth B], GA [auth B], K [auth A], L [auth A], R [auth A], S [auth A]1,2-ETHANEDIOL
C2 H6 O2
LYCAIKOWRPUZTN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
BO3
Query on BO3

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DA [auth B], EA [auth B], FA [auth B], N [auth A], O [auth A], P [auth A], U [auth A]BORIC ACID
B H3 O3
KGBXLFKZBHKPEV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CL
Query on CL

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IA [auth B], JA [auth B], W [auth A], X [auth A]CHLORIDE ION
Cl
VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
MG
Query on MG

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KA [auth B], Y [auth A]MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
PCA
Query on PCA
C [auth E], D [auth F]L-PEPTIDE LINKINGC5 H7 N O3GLN
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.80 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.232 
  • R-Value Work: 0.202 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.202 
  • Space Group: P 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 72.682α = 88.86
b = 77.07β = 64.59
c = 82.363γ = 75.03
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement
DIALSdata reduction
Aimlessdata scaling
PHASERphasing

Structure Validation

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Ligand Structure Quality Assessment  



Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
Medical Research Council (United Kingdom)United KingdomMR/M026647/1

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2019-05-22
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2019-06-12
    Changes: Data collection, Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2019-08-21
    Changes: Data collection
  • Version 2.0: 2020-03-11
    Changes: Data collection, Derived calculations, Polymer sequence
  • Version 3.0: 2020-07-29
    Type: Remediation
    Reason: Carbohydrate remediation
    Changes: Atomic model, Data collection, Derived calculations, Structure summary