Structures of the Neisseria meningitides methionine-binding protein MetQ in substrate-free form and bound to l- and d-methionine isomers.Nguyen, P.T., Lai, J.Y., Kaiser, J.T., Rees, D.C.
(2019) Protein Sci 28: 1750-1757
- PubMed: 31348565
- DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/pro.3694
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
6CVA, 6DZX, 6OJA
- PubMed Abstract:
The bacterial periplasmic methionine-binding protein MetQ is involved in the import of methionine by the cognate MetNI methionine ATP binding cassette (ABC) transporter. The MetNIQ system is one of the few members of the ABC importer family that has been structurally characterized in multiple conformational states. Critical missing elements in the structural analysis of MetNIQ are the structure of the substrate-free form of MetQ, and detailing how MetQ binds multiple methionine derivatives, including both l- and d-methionine isomers. In this study, we report the structures of the Neisseria meningitides MetQ in substrate-free form and in complexes with l-methionine and with d-methionine, along with the associated binding constants determined by isothermal titration calorimetry. Structures of the substrate-free (N238A) and substrate-bound N. meningitides MetQ are related by a "Venus-fly trap" hinge-type movement of the two domains accompanying methionine binding and dissociation. l- and d-methionine bind to the same site on MetQ, and this study emphasizes the important role of asparagine 238 in ligand binding and affinity. A thermodynamic analysis demonstrates that ligand-free MetQ associates with the ATP-bound form of MetNI ∼40 times more tightly than does liganded MetQ, consistent with the necessity of dissociating methionine from MetQ for transport to occur.
Howard Hughes Medical Institute and Division of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California.