6B8J

Co-structure of human glycogen synthase kinase beta with a selective (5-imidazol-2-yl-4-phenylpyrimidin-2-yl)[2-(2-pyridylamino)ethyl]amine inhibitor


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.60 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.247 
  • R-Value Work: 0.212 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.215 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


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Literature

Synthesis, Binding Mode, and Antihyperglycemic Activity of Potent and Selective (5-Imidazol-2-yl-4-phenylpyrimidin-2-yl)[2-(2-pyridylamino)ethyl]amine Inhibitors of Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3.

Wagman, A.S.Boyce, R.S.Brown, S.P.Fang, E.Goff, D.Jansen, J.M.Le, V.P.Levine, B.H.Ng, S.C.Ni, Z.J.Nuss, J.M.Pfister, K.B.Ramurthy, S.Renhowe, P.A.Ring, D.B.Shu, W.Subramanian, S.Zhou, X.A.Shafer, C.M.Harrison, S.D.Johnson, K.W.Bussiere, D.E.

(2017) J Med Chem 60: 8482-8514

  • DOI: 10.1021/acs.jmedchem.7b00922
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    6B8J

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • In an effort to identify new antidiabetic agents, we have discovered a novel family of (5-imidazol-2-yl-4-phenylpyrimidin-2-yl)[2-(2-pyridylamino)ethyl]amine analogues which are inhibitors of human glycogen synthase kinase 3 (GSK3). We developed efficient synthetic routes to explore a wide variety of substitution patterns and convergently access a diverse array of analogues ...

    In an effort to identify new antidiabetic agents, we have discovered a novel family of (5-imidazol-2-yl-4-phenylpyrimidin-2-yl)[2-(2-pyridylamino)ethyl]amine analogues which are inhibitors of human glycogen synthase kinase 3 (GSK3). We developed efficient synthetic routes to explore a wide variety of substitution patterns and convergently access a diverse array of analogues. Compound 1 (CHIR-911, CT-99021, or CHIR-73911) emerged from an exploration of heterocycles at the C-5 position, phenyl groups at C-4, and a variety of differently substituted linker and aminopyridine moieties attached at the C-2 position. These compounds exhibited GSK3 IC 50 s in the low nanomolar range and excellent selectivity. They activate glycogen synthase in insulin receptor-expressing CHO-IR cells and primary rat hepatocytes. Evaluation of lead compounds 1 and 2 (CHIR-611 or CT-98014) in rodent models of type 2 diabetes revealed that single oral doses lowered hyperglycemia within 60 min, enhanced insulin-stimulated glucose transport, and improved glucose disposal without increasing insulin levels.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Global Discovery Chemistry, Novartis Institutes for BioMedical Research , 5300 Chiron Way, Emeryville, California 94608, United States.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Glycogen synthase kinase-3 betaA420Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: GSK3B
EC: 2.7.11.26 (PDB Primary Data), 2.7.11.1 (PDB Primary Data)
Find proteins for P49841 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P49841 
Go to UniProtKB:  P49841
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS:  P49841
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
  • Find similar proteins by:  Sequence   |   Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
VAL-SEP-ARG-ARGB [auth C]4Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
65C
Query on 65C

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
D [auth A]CHIR99021
C22 H18 Cl2 N8
AQGNHMOJWBZFQQ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
GOL
Query on GOL

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C [auth A]GLYCEROL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Modified Residues  2 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
PTR
Query on PTR
AL-PEPTIDE LINKINGC9 H12 N O6 PTYR
SEP
Query on SEP
B [auth C]L-PEPTIDE LINKINGC3 H8 N O6 PSER
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.60 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.247 
  • R-Value Work: 0.212 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.215 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 56.747α = 90
b = 65.07β = 100.53
c = 57.336γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement
DENZOdata reduction
HKL-2000data scaling
PHENIXphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

  • Deposited Date: 2017-10-08 
  • Released Date: 2017-11-08 
  • Deposition Author(s): Bussiere, D.E.

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2017-11-08
    Type: Initial release