Crystal structure of the GGCT site-bound MH1 domain of Smad5 containing a GGGS insertion in the Loop1

Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Resolution: 2.92 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.253 
  • R-Value Work: 0.208 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.210 

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This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Unveiling the dimer/monomer propensities of Smad MH1-DNA complexes.

Ruiz, L.Kaczmarska, Z.Gomes, T.Aragon, E.Torner, C.Freier, R.Baginski, B.Martin-Malpartida, P.de Martin Garrido, N.Marquez, J.A.Cordeiro, T.N.Pluta, R.Macias, M.J.

(2021) Comput Struct Biotechnol J 19: 632-646

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.csbj.2020.12.044
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    6TBZ, 6TCE, 6ZMN

  • PubMed Abstract: 

    Smad transcription factors are the main downstream effectors of the Transforming growth factor β superfamily (TGFβ) signalling network. The DNA complexes determined here by X-ray crystallography for the Bone Morphogenetic Proteins (BMP) activated Smad5 and Smad8 proteins reveal that all MH1 domains bind [GGC(GC)|(CG)] motifs similarly, although TGFβ-activated Smad2/3 and Smad4 MH1 domains bind as monomers whereas Smad1/5/8 form helix-swapped dimers. Dimers and monomers are also present in solution, as revealed by NMR. To decipher the characteristics that defined these dimers, we designed chimeric MH1 domains and characterized them using X-ray crystallography. We found that swapping the loop1 between TGFβ- and BMP- activated MH1 domains switches the dimer/monomer propensities. When we scanned the distribution of Smad-bound motifs in ChIP-Seq peaks (Chromatin immunoprecipitation followed by high-throughput sequencing) in Smad-responsive genes, we observed specific site clustering and spacing depending on whether the peaks correspond to BMP- or TGFβ-responsive genes. We also identified significant correlations between site distribution and monomer or dimer propensities. We propose that the MH1 monomer or dimer propensity of Smads contributes to the distinct motif selection genome-wide and together with the MH2 domain association, help define the composition of R-Smad/Smad4 trimeric complexes.

  • Organizational Affiliation

    Institute for Research in Biomedicine, The Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology, Baldiri Reixac, 10, Barcelona 08028, Spain.


Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChains Sequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Mothers against decapentaplegic homolog 5134Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: SMAD5MADH5
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for Q99717 (Homo sapiens)
Explore Q99717 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q99717
PHAROS:  Q99717
GTEx:  ENSG00000113658 
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupQ99717
Sequence Annotations
  • Reference Sequence

Find similar nucleic acids by:  Sequence   |   3D Structure  

Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChains LengthOrganismImage
DNA (5'-D(P*TP*GP*CP*AP*GP*GP*CP*TP*AP*GP*CP*CP*TP*GP*CP*A)-3')16Homo sapiens
Sequence Annotations
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChains Name / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ZN (Subject of Investigation/LOI)
Query on ZN

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C [auth A]ZINC ION
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Resolution: 2.92 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.253 
  • R-Value Work: 0.208 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.210 
  • Space Group: I 41 2 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 106.123α = 90
b = 106.123β = 90
c = 82.395γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
XDSdata reduction
autoPROCdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report

Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data

Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
Spanish Ministry of Economy and CompetitivenessSpain--
European Commission--

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2019-11-20
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2020-04-29
    Changes: Structure summary
  • Version 1.2: 2021-02-10
    Changes: Database references, Refinement description
  • Version 1.3: 2024-01-24
    Changes: Advisory, Data collection, Database references, Refinement description