6TBZ

Crystal structure of the MH1 domain of Smad5-Smad3 chimera construct bound to the GGCGC site


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.78 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.226 
  • R-Value Work: 0.192 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.193 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Unveiling the dimer/monomer propensities of Smad MH1-DNA complexes.

Ruiz, L.Kaczmarska, Z.Gomes, T.Aragon, E.Torner, C.Freier, R.Baginski, B.Martin-Malpartida, P.de Martin Garrido, N.Marquez, J.A.Cordeiro, T.N.Pluta, R.Macias, M.J.

(2021) Comput Struct Biotechnol J 19: 632-646

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.csbj.2020.12.044
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    6TBZ, 6TCE, 6ZMN

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Smad transcription factors are the main downstream effectors of the Transforming growth factor β superfamily (TGFβ) signalling network. The DNA complexes determined here by X-ray crystallography for the Bone Morphogenetic Proteins (BMP) activated Smad5 and Smad8 proteins reveal that all MH1 domains bind [GGC(GC)|(CG)] motifs similarly, although TGFβ-activated Smad2/3 and Smad4 MH1 domains bind as monomers whereas Smad1/5/8 form helix-swapped dimers ...

    Smad transcription factors are the main downstream effectors of the Transforming growth factor β superfamily (TGFβ) signalling network. The DNA complexes determined here by X-ray crystallography for the Bone Morphogenetic Proteins (BMP) activated Smad5 and Smad8 proteins reveal that all MH1 domains bind [GGC(GC)|(CG)] motifs similarly, although TGFβ-activated Smad2/3 and Smad4 MH1 domains bind as monomers whereas Smad1/5/8 form helix-swapped dimers. Dimers and monomers are also present in solution, as revealed by NMR. To decipher the characteristics that defined these dimers, we designed chimeric MH1 domains and characterized them using X-ray crystallography. We found that swapping the loop1 between TGFβ- and BMP- activated MH1 domains switches the dimer/monomer propensities. When we scanned the distribution of Smad-bound motifs in ChIP-Seq peaks (Chromatin immunoprecipitation followed by high-throughput sequencing) in Smad-responsive genes, we observed specific site clustering and spacing depending on whether the peaks correspond to BMP- or TGFβ-responsive genes. We also identified significant correlations between site distribution and monomer or dimer propensities. We propose that the MH1 monomer or dimer propensity of Smads contributes to the distinct motif selection genome-wide and together with the MH2 domain association, help define the composition of R-Smad/Smad4 trimeric complexes.


    Organizational Affiliation

    ICREA, Passeig Lluís Companys 23, Barcelona 08010, Spain.



Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Mothers against decapentaplegic homolog 5A131Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: SMAD5MADH5
UniProt
Find proteins for Q56I99 (Gallus gallus)
Explore Q56I99 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q56I99
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
  • Find similar nucleic acids by:  Sequence   |   Structure
  • Entity ID: 2
    MoleculeChainsLengthOrganismImage
    DNA (5'-D(P*TP*GP*CP*AP*GP*GP*CP*GP*CP*GP*CP*CP*TP*GP*CP*A)-3')B, C16Homo sapiens
    Protein Feature View
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    • Reference Sequence
    Small Molecules
    Ligands 1 Unique
    IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
    ZN (Subject of Investigation/LOI)
    Query on ZN

    Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
    D [auth A]ZINC ION
    Zn
    PTFCDOFLOPIGGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
     Ligand Interaction
    Experimental Data & Validation

    Experimental Data

    • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
    • Resolution: 1.78 Å
    • R-Value Free: 0.226 
    • R-Value Work: 0.192 
    • R-Value Observed: 0.193 
    • Space Group: P 32
    Unit Cell:
    Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
    a = 53.145α = 90
    b = 53.145β = 90
    c = 83.154γ = 120
    Software Package:
    Software NamePurpose
    BUSTERrefinement
    XDSdata reduction
    autoPROCdata scaling
    PHASERphasing

    Structure Validation

    View Full Validation Report




    Entry History & Funding Information

    Deposition Data


    Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
    Spanish Ministry of Economy and CompetitivenessSpain--
    European Commission--

    Revision History  (Full details and data files)

    • Version 1.0: 2019-11-20
      Type: Initial release
    • Version 1.1: 2019-12-11
      Changes: Database references, Source and taxonomy, Structure summary
    • Version 1.2: 2020-04-29
      Changes: Structure summary
    • Version 1.3: 2021-02-10
      Changes: Database references, Refinement description