6EPL

Ras guanine exchange factor SOS1 (Rem-cdc25) in complex with KRAS(G12C)


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.55 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.224 
  • R-Value Work: 0.190 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.192 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Discovery of potent SOS1 inhibitors that block RAS activation via disruption of the RAS-SOS1 interaction.

Hillig, R.C.Sautier, B.Schroeder, J.Moosmayer, D.Hilpmann, A.Stegmann, C.M.Werbeck, N.D.Briem, H.Boemer, U.Weiske, J.Badock, V.Mastouri, J.Petersen, K.Siemeister, G.Kahmann, J.D.Wegener, D.Bohnke, N.Eis, K.Graham, K.Wortmann, L.von Nussbaum, F.Bader, B.

(2019) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 116: 2551-2560

  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1812963116
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    6EPL, 6EPN, 6EPM, 6EPP, 6EPO, 5OVE, 5OVD, 5OVG, 5OVF, 5OVI

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Since the late 1980s, mutations in the RAS genes have been recognized as major oncogenes with a high occurrence rate in human cancers. Such mutations reduce the ability of the small GTPase RAS to hydrolyze GTP, keeping this molecular switch ...

    Since the late 1980s, mutations in the RAS genes have been recognized as major oncogenes with a high occurrence rate in human cancers. Such mutations reduce the ability of the small GTPase RAS to hydrolyze GTP, keeping this molecular switch in a constitutively active GTP-bound form that drives, unchecked, oncogenic downstream signaling. One strategy to reduce the levels of active RAS is to target guanine nucleotide exchange factors, which allow RAS to cycle from the inactive GDP-bound state to the active GTP-bound form. Here, we describe the identification of potent and cell-active small-molecule inhibitors which efficiently disrupt the interaction between KRAS and its exchange factor SOS1, a mode of action confirmed by a series of biophysical techniques. The binding sites, mode of action, and selectivity were elucidated using crystal structures of KRAS G12C -SOS1, SOS1, and SOS2. By preventing formation of the KRAS-SOS1 complex, these inhibitors block reloading of KRAS with GTP, leading to antiproliferative activity. The final compound 23 (BAY-293) selectively inhibits the KRAS-SOS1 interaction with an IC 50 of 21 nM and is a valuable chemical probe for future investigations.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Research and Development, Pharmaceuticals, Bayer AG, 13353 Berlin, Germany; roman.hillig@bayer.com benjamin.bader@bayer.com.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
GTPase KRasR170Homo sapiensMutation(s): 5 
Gene Names: KRASKRAS2RASK2
EC: 3.6.5.2
Find proteins for P01116 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P01116 
Go to UniProtKB:  P01116
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS  P01116
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Son of sevenless homolog 1S487Homo sapiensMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: SOS1
Find proteins for Q07889 (Homo sapiens)
Explore Q07889 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q07889
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS  Q07889
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
GOL
Query on GOL

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
R
GLYCEROL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.55 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.224 
  • R-Value Work: 0.190 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.192 
  • Space Group: I 4 2 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 149.522α = 90
b = 149.522β = 90
c = 202.101γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
XDSdata reduction
XDSdata scaling
PHASERphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2019-02-06
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2019-02-20
    Changes: Data collection, Database references