6DM9

DHD15_extended


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.25 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.310 
  • R-Value Work: 0.261 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Programmable design of orthogonal protein heterodimers.

Chen, Z.Boyken, S.E.Jia, M.Busch, F.Flores-Solis, D.Bick, M.J.Lu, P.VanAernum, Z.L.Sahasrabuddhe, A.Langan, R.A.Bermeo, S.Brunette, T.J.Mulligan, V.K.Carter, L.P.DiMaio, F.Sgourakis, N.G.Wysocki, V.H.Baker, D.

(2019) Nature 565: 106-111

  • DOI: 10.1038/s41586-018-0802-y
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Specificity of interactions between two DNA strands, or between protein and DNA, is often achieved by varying bases or side chains coming off the DNA or protein backbone-for example, the bases participating in Watson-Crick pairing in the double helix ...

    Specificity of interactions between two DNA strands, or between protein and DNA, is often achieved by varying bases or side chains coming off the DNA or protein backbone-for example, the bases participating in Watson-Crick pairing in the double helix, or the side chains contacting DNA in TALEN-DNA complexes. By contrast, specificity of protein-protein interactions usually involves backbone shape complementarity 1 , which is less modular and hence harder to generalize. Coiled-coil heterodimers are an exception, but the restricted geometry of interactions across the heterodimer interface (primarily at the heptad a and d positions 2 ) limits the number of orthogonal pairs that can be created simply by varying side-chain interactions 3,4 . Here we show that protein-protein interaction specificity can be achieved using extensive and modular side-chain hydrogen-bond networks. We used the Crick generating equations 5 to produce millions of four-helix backbones with varying degrees of supercoiling around a central axis, identified those accommodating extensive hydrogen-bond networks, and used Rosetta to connect pairs of helices with short loops and to optimize the remainder of the sequence. Of 97 such designs expressed in Escherichia coli, 65 formed constitutive heterodimers, and the crystal structures of four designs were in close agreement with the computational models and confirmed the designed hydrogen-bond networks. In cells, six heterodimers were fully orthogonal, and in vitro-following mixing of 32 chains from 16 heterodimer designs, denaturation in 5 M guanidine hydrochloride and reannealing-almost all of the interactions observed by native mass spectrometry were between the designed cognate pairs. The ability to design orthogonal protein heterodimers should enable sophisticated protein-based control logic for synthetic biology, and illustrates that nature has not fully explored the possibilities for programmable biomolecular interaction modalities.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Graduate School of Medical Life Science, Yokohama City University, 1-7-29 Suehiro-cho, Tsurumi-ku, Yokohama 230-0045, Japan.,Collaborative Innovation Center of Chemistry for Life Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), 345 Lingling Road, Shanghai, 200032, China. ccao@mail.sioc.ac.cn.,the Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Pune 411008, India, and.,Research Institute for Interdisciplinary Science, Okayama University, 700-8530 Okayama, Japan.,Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Marseille, France.,FRC Fundamentals of Biotechnology RAS, Moscow, Russian Federation.,Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology and the Skaggs Institute for Chemical Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, BCC206, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.,National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, National Science and Technology Development Agency, Pathumthani 12120, Thailand.,Ferrier Research Institute, Victoria University of Wellington, Wellington 6140, New Zealand.,Structural Biology Program, Centenary Institute, Sydney Medical School, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, 2042, Australia.,Department of Immunobiology, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA. david.schatz@yale.edu.,Research Group Biosynthesis/NMR, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology, Jena, Germany.,Center for Nano Science and Technology @Polimi, Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, Via G. Pascoli 70/3, 20133, Milano, Italy. emilio.parisini@iit.it.,From the Research Institute for Interdisciplinary Science, Graduate School of Natural Science and Technology, Okayama University, Okayama 700-8530.,Department of Plant and Microbial Biology, University of Zurich, Zollikerstrasse 107, 8008 Zurich, Switzerland.,Department of Physiology, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, 90095-1751, USA.,Systems Biology & Physiology Program, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, 45267, OH, USA. bryan.mackenzie@uc.edu.,Molecular Biotechnology, Department of Biosciences, Goethe University Frankfurt, 60438, Frankfurt am Main, Germany. h.bode@bio.uni-frankfurt.de.,Genome Integrity and Structural Biology Laboratory, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, National Institutes of Health, Research Triangle Park, United States.,MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Francis Crick Avenue, Cambridge, CB2 0QH, UK. cgt@mrc-lmb.cam.ac.uk.,State Key Laboratory of Biocontrol, Guangdong Province Key Laboratory of Pharmaceutical Functional Genes, Department of Biochemistry, School of Life Sciences, Sun Yat-sen University, Higher Education Mega Center, Guangzhou, China. xuanlong@bucm.edu.cn.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Lethbridge, Alberta T1K 3M4, Canada.,Biomolecular Engineering Lab, Dipartimento di Elettronica, Informazione e Bioingegneria, Politecnico di Milano, Piazza Leonardo da Vinci 32, 20133, Milano, Italy.,Enzyme and Protein Chemistry, Section for Protein Chemistry and Enzyme Technology, Department of Biotechnology and Biomedicine, Technical University of Denmark, Søltofts Plads, 2800, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark. premo@dtu.dk.,Chemistry Department, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, 8057 Zurich, Switzerland.,School of Life Science, Anhui University, Hefei, China.,Biomolecular Interaction Centre and School of Biological Sciences, University of Canterbury, Private Bag 4800, Christchurch, 8041, New Zealand.,Dalian University of Technology, China.,Biology Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY 11973, USA; NSLS-II, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY 11973, USA. Electronic address: qunliu@bnl.gov.,Department of Molecular and Cellular Oncology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, 1515 Holcombe Boulevard, Houston, Texas, 77030, USA.,Materials and Structural Analysis, Thermo Fisher Scientific, Eindhoven, The Netherlands.,Department of Chemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Gothenburg, Box 462, S-40530, Gothenburg, Sweden. Weixiao.YuanWahlgren@chem.gu.se.,College of Chemistry, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, 100875, China.,IKERBASQUE, Basque Foundation for Science, 48013 Bilbao, Spain.,ARC Centre of Excellence in Advanced Molecular Imaging, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3800, Australia.,the Centre for Immune Regulation and Department of Immunology, University of Oslo and Oslo University Hospital, N-0372 Oslo, Norway.,Structural Genomics Consortium, University of Toronto, 101 College Street, Toronto, Ontario, M5G 1L7, Canada.,School of Biological Sciences, Nanyang Technological University, 637551, Singapore.,Department of Biological Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.,Ikerbasque, Basque Foundation for Science, Maria Diaz de Haro 13, 48009 Bilbao, Spain.,Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.,Vaccine Research Center, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA bgraham@nih.gov.,Department of Biological Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, USA.,Key Laboratory of Industrial Biotechnology, Ministry of Education, School of Biotechnology , Jiangnan University , Wuxi , 214122 Jiangsu , China.,CEA, Institut des Sciences du Vivant Frédéric Joliot, Service d'Ingénierie Moléculaire des Protéines (SIMOPRO) , Université Paris-Saclay , Gif-sur-Yvette 91190 , France.,Chemical Biology Laboratory, Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute-Frederick, Frederick, MD 21702, USA. Electronic address: burkete@helix.nih.gov.,Research Center for Advanced Science and Technology, The University of Tokyo, 4-6-1 Komaba, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 153-8904, Japan.,Department of Molecular Biology, Umeå University, 90187 Umeå, Sweden.,Departamento de Química, Universidad de La Rioja, Centro de Investigación en Síntesis Química, E-26006 Logroño, Spain.,Institute of Infection and Immunity, School of Medicine, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF14 4XN, UK.,State Key Laboratory of Medical Genomics, Shanghai Institute of Hematology, Rui-Jin Hospital, Shanghai JiaoTong University School of Medicine and School of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Shanghai JiaoTong University, 197 Ruijin Er Road, Shanghai, 200025, China. guoyumeng@shsmu.edu.cn.,The Key Laboratory of Biomedical Information Engineering of Ministry of Education, Institute of Health and Rehabilitation Science, School of Life Science and Technology, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049, China.,Department of Biotechnology, Chemistry and Pharmacy, Department of Excellence 2018-2022, University of Siena, via Aldo Moro, 2, 53100, Siena, SI, Italy.,Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, 10900 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH, 44106, USA.,MOH Key Laboratory of Medical Virology, National Institute for Viral Disease Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China.,Institute for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Hamburg, 20146 Hamburg, Germany.,Department of Refractory Viral Infections, National Center for Global Health and Medicine Research Institute, Tokyo, Japan hiroaki.mitsuya2@nih.gov.,Department of Biophysics, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, 6001 Forest Park Road, Dallas, TX 75390, USA.,Department of Microbiology, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.,Department of Infectious Diseases and Microbiology , University of Lübeck , 23562 Lübeck , Germany.,Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA. kahne@chemistry.harvard.edu.,Department of Molecular Physiology and Biophysics, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN 37232, USA. Electronic address: hassane.mchaourab@vanderbilt.edu.,Astex Pharmaceuticals, Cambridge, United Kingdom.,Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing, China.,Xiamen Amoytop Biotech, Xiamen, China.,Schaller Research Group at the University of Heidelberg and the DKFZ, Heidelberg, Germany.,Bristol-Myers Squibb Research and Development, P.O. Box 5100, 5 Research Parkway, Wallingford, Connecticut 06492, United States.,National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China. shaofeng@nibs.ac.cn.,Bridge Institute,USC Michelson Center for Convergent Biosciences, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA. cherezov@usc.edu.,INSERM, U1108, Paris, France.,Institute for Quantum Life Science , National Institutes for Quantum and Radiological Science and Technology , Tokai, Ibaraki , 319-1106 , Japan.,Department of Biological Sciences, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan. nisimasu@bs.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp nureki@bs.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp.,Unité Microbiologie, Bioorganique et Macromoléculaire (CP206/04), département R3D, Faculté de Pharmacie, Université Libre de Bruxelles, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium.,Edgewood Chemical Biological Center, United States Army , Aberdeen Proving Ground, Aberdeen , Maryland 21010 , United States.,Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry , 82152 Martinsried , Germany.,Research School of Chemistry, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia.,Department of Neuroscience, The Scripps Research Institute, 130 Scripps Way, Jupiter, FL, 33458, USA.,Institució Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avançats (ICREA), Passeig Lluís Companys, 23, 08010 Barcelona, Spain.,Gene Center and Department of Biochemistry, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Feodor-Lynen-Str. 25, 81377 Munich, Germany.,Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Research Complex at Harwell, Didcot, Oxfordshire, OX11 0FA, UK. Weixiao.YuanWahlgren@chem.gu.se.,Department of Biological Sciences, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan. Electronic address: ishitani@bs.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp.,Department of Biology, New York University, New York, NY 10003.,Univ. Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, CEA, IBS, 38000 Grenoble, France. Electronic address: cecile.morlot@ibs.fr.,Max Planck Institute for Chemical Energy Conversion, 45470 Mülheim an der Ruhr, Germany.,Array BioPharma, Inc., 3200 Walnut Street, Boulder, Colorado 80301, United States.,the Bioinformatics Institute, Singapore 138671, Singapore.,Laboratory Molecular and Cellular Signaling, Department Cellular and Molecular Medicine, Campus Gasthuisberg O/N-I Bus 802, Herestraat 49 3000 Leuven, Belgium.,Research Division, Chugai Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., Kanagawa, Japan.,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China.,Genmab, Yalelaan 60, 3584 CM Utrecht, Netherlands. t.sharp@lumc.nl p.w.h.i.parren@lumc.nl p.gros@uu.nl.,Departament of Organic Chemistry II, Faculty of Science & Technology, University of the Basque Country, Leioa, 48940 Bizkaia, Spain.,School of Nanoscience and Technology, IIT Kharagpur, Kharagpur, 721302, India. Electronic address: anupam.midya@iitkgp.ac.in.,Department of Applied and Ecological Microbiology, Institute of Microbiology, Friedrich Schiller University, Jena, Germany torsten.schubert@uni-jena.de.,INSERM U1212 CNRS 5320 Université de Bordeaux France.,D3-PharmaChemistry, Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, Via Morego 30, 16163, Genova, Italy.,Biology Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY 11973, USA; NSLS-II, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY 11973, USA.,Photosynthesis Research Center, Key Laboratory of Photobiology, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100093 Beijing, China.,The Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research, Parkville, Victoria, Australia. tham@wehi.edu.au.,Institute of Technology, University of Tartu, 50411 Tartu, Estonia.,Graduate Program in Molecular Pharmacology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA.,Institute for Protein Research, Osaka University, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan. janschu@biochem.mpg.de gkurisu@protein.osaka-u.ac.jp marc.m.nowaczyk@rub.de.,Department of Physics, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, USA.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Cambridge, 80 Tennis Court Road, Cambridge CB2 1GA, United Kingdom; Institute for Evolution and Biodiversity, University of Münster, Hüfferstrasse 1, D-48149 Münster, Germany.,Research Institute for Microbial Diseases, Osaka University, 3-1 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan.,Key Laboratory of Chemical Biology and Traditional Chinese Medicine Research (Ministry of Education), College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Hunan Normal University, Changsha 410081, China.,The CAS Key Laboratory of Receptor Research, Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201203, China. eric.xu@vai.org mwwang@simm.ac.cn jpv@pitt.edu zhang_yan@zju.edu.cn.,Cryo-EM Core Facility, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA, USA.,Univ. Lille, Inserm, Institut Pasteur de Lille, U1177 - Drugs and Molecules for living Systems, F-59000 Lille, France. Electronic address: Willand@univ-lille2.fr.,Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138.,CIC bioGUNE, Bizkaia Technology Park, Building 801A, 48170 Derio, Spain.,Department of Biological Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, USA mr@purdue.edu.,Institute of Molecular Biosciences and Center for Biomolecular Magnetic Resonance (BMRZ), Goethe University Frankfurt, 60438, Frankfurt am Main, Germany. woehnert@bio.uni-frankfurt.de.,Department of Medical Laboratories Technology, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia.,Institute of Chemistry, Centre of Arts, Humanities and Sciences, University of Debrecen, Hungary.,MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Francis Crick Avenue, Cambridge, CB2 0QH, UK.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA. dabaker@uw.edu.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Cambridge, 80 Tennis Court Road, Cambridge CB2 1GA, United Kingdom. Electronic address: fh111@cam.ac.uk.,Key laboratory of Cell Differentiation and Apoptosis of Chinese Ministry of Education, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200025, China.,Department of Infectious Diseases, Virology, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany.,School of Pharmaceutical Sciences , Jilin University , No. 1266 Fujin Road , Chaoyang District, Changchun , Jilin 130021 , China.,Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing, China. xuanlong@bucm.edu.cn.,Division of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA, 92350, USA.,College of Life Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China.,Department of Chemistry, University of California, Riverside, CA 92521-0403.,Plant Biochemistry, Faculty of Biology and Biotechnology, Ruhr University Bochum, 44780 Bochum, Germany. janschu@biochem.mpg.de gkurisu@protein.osaka-u.ac.jp marc.m.nowaczyk@rub.de.,Department of Pharmacology, Howard Hughes Medical Institute.,Institute for Advanced Biosciences, Keio University, 14-1 Baba-cho, Tsuruoka, Yamagata 997-0035, Japan.,School of Nanoscience and Technology, IIT Kharagpur, Kharagpur, 721302, India.,Centro de Química Estrutural, Instituto Superior Técnico , Universidade de Lisboa , Av. Rovisco Pais 1 , 1049-001 Lisboa , Portugal.,Department of Cellular Logistics, Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry, Göttingen, Germany.,Department of Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21201, United States.,Department of Chemistry, University of California, Riverside, CA 92521-0403 yinsheng.wang@ucr.edu wei.yang@nih.gov.,Unité Microbiologie, Bioorganique et Macromoléculaire (CP206/04), département R3D, Faculté de Pharmacie, Université Libre de Bruxelles, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium. Electronic address: Wintjens@ulb.ac.be.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Florida Atlantic University, 777 Glades Road, Boca Raton, FL 33431-0991, USA.,School of Molecular Sciences and Biodesign Center for Applied Structural Discovery, Biodesign Institute, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, USA.,Biology Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY 11793.,Laboratory of Molecular Biology, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892.,Department of Microbiology, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada brian.mark@umanitoba.ca.,From the Center for Nanobiology and Structural Biology, Institute of Microbiology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Zamek 136, 373 33 Nove Hrady, Czech Republic, ettrich@nh.cas.cz.,Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Aarhus University, Gustav Wieds vej 10C, 8000, Aarhus, Denmark.,Structural Biology and NMR Laboratory and the Linderstrøm-Lang Centre for Protein Science, Department of Biology, University of Copenhagen, 2200 Copenhagen N, Denmark.,Department of Clinical Sciences, Kumamoto University Hospital, Kumamoto, Japan.,MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge Biomedical Campus, Cambridge, UK. radu@mrc-lmb.cam.ac.uk.,From the Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, rclubb@mbi.ucla.edu.,MRC Protein Phosphorylation and Ubiquitylation Unit, University of Dundee, Dundee, UK.,Guangzhou Institutes of Biomedicine and Health, Chinese Academy of Sciences , Guangzhou 510530 , China.,Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology, Functional Proteomics Laboratory, Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR), 138673, Singapore.,Quantum Beam Science Center, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 2-4 Shirakata-Shirane, Tokai, Ibaraki 319-1195, Japan.,McGovern Institute for Brain Research, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.,Department of Molecular, Cell and Developmental Biology, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095.,Graduate School Materials Science in Mainz, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz, Staudinger Weg 9, 55128, Mainz, Germany.,Department of Structural Cell Biology, Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry, 82152 Martinsried, Germany. janschu@biochem.mpg.de gkurisu@protein.osaka-u.ac.jp marc.m.nowaczyk@rub.de.,School of Chemistry, University of Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ, United Kingdom.,Beijing Mingde Zhengkang Technologies Co., Ltd., Beijing, China.,Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY 10032, USA; Division of Molecular Therapeutics, New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York, NY 10032, USA. Electronic address: mq2102@cumc.columbia.edu.,Structural Biology and NMR Laboratory and the Linderstrøm-Lang Centre for Protein Science, Department of Biology, University of Copenhagen, 2200 Copenhagen N, Denmark. Electronic address: kaare.teilum@bio.ku.dk.,Department of Biology, Indiana University, 1001 E. 3rd Street, Bloomington, IN 47405, USA; Faculté de Médecine, Département de Microbiologie, infectiologie et immunologie, Université de Montréal, C.P. 6128, Succursale Centre-ville, Montréal, QC H3C 3J7, Canada. Electronic address: yves.brun@umontreal.ca.,the Division of Material Science, Graduate School of Science, Nagoya University, Nagoya 464-8602, Japan.,Department of Immunohematology and Blood Transfusion, Leiden University Medical Center, Albinusdreef 2, 2333 ZA Leiden, Netherlands.,Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research , 38124 Braunschweig , Germany.,School of Life Sciences, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL, United Kingdom.,Structural Biology Brussels, Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB), Brussels, 1050, Belgium.,Structural Biology Center, Biosciences, Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 S Cass Avenue, Argonne, IL 60439, USA.,Graduate Program in Biological Physics, Structure, and Design, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.,Biomolecular Engineering Lab, Dipartimento di Elettronica, Informazione e Bioingegneria, Politecnico di Milano, Piazza Leonardo da Vinci 32, 20133, Milano, Italy. alfonso.gautieri@polimi.it.,Crystal and Structural Chemistry, Bijvoet Center for Biomolecular Research, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Utrecht University, Padualaan 8, 3584 CH Utrecht, Netherlands. t.sharp@lumc.nl p.w.h.i.parren@lumc.nl p.gros@uu.nl.,Division of Biological Chemistry and Drug Discovery, School of Life Sciences, University of Dundee, Dow Street, Dundee DD1 5EH, Scotland, UK.,National Institute of Mental Health Psychoactive Drug Screening Program, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA. bryan_roth@med.unc.edu.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032.,Research Division, Chugai Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., Kanagawa, Japan tanaka.hiroshi@chugai-pharm.co.jp.,Laboratory of Molecular Modeling and Design, State Key Laboratory of Molecular Reaction Dynamics, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, CAS, Dalian 116023, China.,Univ Lille, Inserm, CHU Lille, UMR-S 1172 - JPArc - Centre de Recherche Jean-Pierre AUBERT Neurosciences et Cancer, Lille, France.,Centre for Analysis and Synthesis, Department of Chemistry, Lund University, POB 124, S-22100, Lund, Sweden.,CAS Key Laboratory of Soft Matter Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui, 230026, China. liuyz@ustc.edu.cn.,Laboratory for GPCR Biology, Department of Pharmacology and Chemical Biology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA; Department of Chemistry, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA. Electronic address: tannerjj@missouri.edu.,Mirati Therapeutics, Inc., 9393 Towne Centre Drive, Suite 200, San Diego, California 92121, United States.,Structural Biology and NMR Laboratory and the Linderstrøm-Lang Centre for Protein Science, Department of Biology, University of Copenhagen, 2200 Copenhagen N, Denmark; Structural Studies Division, MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Francis Crick Avenue, Cambridge CB2 0QH, UK. Electronic address: serlends@mrc-lmb.cam.ac.uk.,Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA. kahne@chemistry.harvard.edu.,Departament de Química Inorgànica i Orgànica (secció de Química Orgànica) & Institut de Química Teòrica i Computacional (IQTCUB), Universitat de Barcelona, Martí i Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain.,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, CAS, Shanghai 200031, China.,Department of Medical Biology, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. tham@wehi.edu.au.,Manufacturing, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO) , Clayton , Vic 3168 , Australia.,Institute of Biology, Westlake Institute for Advanced Study, School of Life Sciences, Westlake University, Hangzhou, China. zhouqiang@westlake.edu.cn.,Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Maryland School of Pharmacy, Baltimore, Maryland 21201, United States.,Centre for Antibiotic Resistance Research (CARe) at University of Gothenburg, Box 440, S-40530, Gothenburg, Sweden. Weixiao.YuanWahlgren@chem.gu.se.,Center for Structural Biology, Vlaams Instituut voor Biotechnology (VIB), B-1050 Brussels, Belgium.,Institute for Experimental Medical Research, Oslo University Hospital, 0424, Oslo, Norway. premo@dtu.dk.,Department of Chemistry, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA. cherezov@usc.edu.,Department of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Sciences , University of Georgia , Athens , Georgia 30602 , United States.,Department of Molecular Biophysics and Biochemistry, Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA. yong.xiong@yale.edu.,Division of Gene Regulation and Expression, School of Life Sciences, University of Dundee, Dundee, UK.,Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, Cambridge, MA 02142, USA.,Structural Biology Program, Centenary Institute, Sydney Medical School, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, 2042, Australia. m.jormakka@centenary.org.au.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Cambridge, 80 Tennis Court Road, Cambridge CB2 1GA, United Kingdom; Department of Chemistry, Organic & Bioorganic Chemistry, University of Graz, Heinrichstrasse 28, A-8010 Graz, Austria.,Neuroscience Graduate Program, Brown University, Providence, RI, USA.,State Key Laboratory of Molecular Developmental Biology, Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China; wah2@cumc.columbia.edu yuhang.chen@genetics.ac.cn.,School of Life Science , Huizhou University , Huizhou 516007 , China.,Crystal and Structural Chemistry, Bijvoet Center for Biomolecular Research, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Utrecht University, Padualaan 8, 3584 CH Utrecht, Netherlands.,Institute of Medical Science, The University of Tokyo, 4-6-1 Shirokanedai, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-8639, Japan.,Technical University Darmstadt , Alarich-Weiss-Straße 4 , 64287 Darmstadt , Germany.,Neutron Science and Technology Center, Comprehensive Research Organization for Science and Society, 162-1 Shirakata, Tokai, Ibaraki 319-1106, Japan.,Department of Chemistry, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna, Austria.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Medicine, School of Medicine , University of California, Davis , Sacramento , California 95817 , United States.,Centre for Antibiotic Resistance Research (CARe) at University of Gothenburg, Box 440, S-40530, Gothenburg, Sweden.,Department of Pharmacology & Systems Physiology, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, 45267, OH, USA.,Department of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.,Department of Systems Biology, Graduate School of Biological Sciences, Nara Institute of Science and Technology, 8916-5, Takayama-cho, Ikoma, Nara 630-0192, Japan.,Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, 14850, USA.,Department of Microbiology and Immunology, National University of Singapore, 117545 Singapore.,New York Structural Biology Center , New York , New York 10027 , United States.,Research Group Mass Spectrometry, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology, Jena, Germany.,Justus Liebig Universität Giessen, Institut für Allg. Zoologie und Entwicklungsbiologie, Giessen, Germany.,the Centre for Immune Regulation and Department of Immunology, University of Oslo and Oslo University Hospital, N-0372 Oslo, Norway l.m.sollid@medisin.uio.no.,Molecular Biophysics Unit, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, Karnataka 560 012, India.,National Institute of Biological Sciences, Beijing, China.,Instituto de Bionanotecnología del NOA, Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, Universidad Nacional de Santiago del Estero, G4206XCP Santiago del Estero, Argentina.,Department of Neurobiology, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, NC, USA.,Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Tohoku University, 6-3, Aoba, Aramaki, Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi, 980-8578, Japan.,Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at Microscale and School of Life Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230027, China.,Membrane Protein Lab, Diamond Light Source, Harwell Science and Innovation Campus, Chilton, Oxfordshire, OX11 0DE, UK.,Laboratory of Molecular Modeling and Design, State Key Laboratory of Molecular Reaction Dynamics, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, CAS, Dalian 116023, China. leim@shsmu.edu.cn ghli@dicp.ac.cn wujian@shsmu.edu.cn.,Department of Biology and Biochemistry, University of Bath, Bath, United Kingdom.,Department of Biology and Biological Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.,Department of Biological Sciences, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA.,Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee, USA.,College of Animal Science and Technology, China Agricultural University, Beijing, China.,Edward Doisy Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO, USA.,Department of Biophysics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.,Division of Structural Biology, Wellcome Centre for Human Genetics, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.,MOE Key Laboratory of Spectrochemical Analysis & Instrumentation, Key Laboratory of Chemical Biology of Fujian Province, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Xiamen University, Xiamen, 361005, China. dhlin@xmu.edu.cn.,Department of Chemistry, Organic & Bioorganic Chemistry, University of Graz, Heinrichstrasse 28, A-8010 Graz, Austria.,German Center for Infection Research, Partner Site Munich, Munich, Germany.,CAS Key Laboratory of Soft Matter Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui, 230026, China.,Cancer Research UK Cancer Therapeutics Unit and Division of Structural Biology, The Institute of Cancer Research, London SW7 3RP, United Kingdom.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Bio21 Molecular Science and Biotechnology Institute, University of Melbourne, 30 Flemington Road, Parkville, VIC, 3010, Australia.,Division of Bioconvergence Analysis, Korea Basic Science Institute, 162 Yeongudangiro Ochang, Cheongwongu, Cheongju, Chungbuk 28119, South Korea.,Division of Viral Disease, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA.,Department of Medical Biology, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.,Japan Agency for Medical Research and Development, Core Research for Evolutional Science and Technology (AMED-CREST), Tokyo, 100-0004, Japan.,Department of Pathology of Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital and Department of Biophysics, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou 310058, China. eric.xu@vai.org mwwang@simm.ac.cn jpv@pitt.edu zhang_yan@zju.edu.cn.,Research Service, Louis Stokes Cleveland VA Medical Center, Cleveland, OH, 44106, USA.,Department of Chemistry, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada.,MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge Biomedical Campus, Cambridge, UK. simonasm@mrc-lmb.cam.ac.uk.,State Key Laboratory of Bioorganic and Natural Product Chemistry, Center for Excellence in Molecular Synthesis, Shanghai Institute of Organic Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), 345 Lingling Road, Shanghai, 200032, China.,Department DiBEST (Biologia, Ecologia, Scienze della Terra) Unit of Biochemistry and Molecular Biotechnology, University of Calabria, Via P. Bucci 4C, 87036, Arcavacata di Rende, Italy.,Shanghai Institute of Precision Medicine, Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200125, China. leim@shsmu.edu.cn ghli@dicp.ac.cn wujian@shsmu.edu.cn.,Cleveland Center for Membrane and Structural Biology, Case Western Reserve University, 1819 East 101st Street, Cleveland, OH, 44106, USA. kxp65@case.edu.,Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Science at Microscale, School of Life Science, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, China.,Membrane Protein Lab, Diamond Light Source, Harwell Science and Innovation Campus, Chilton, Oxfordshire, OX11 0DE, UK. Weixiao.YuanWahlgren@chem.gu.se.,Molecular Biotechnology, Department of Biosciences, Goethe University Frankfurt, 60438, Frankfurt am Main, Germany.,From the Department of Chemistry and ckim7@utep.edu.,Department of Life Sciences, Imperial College London, Exhibition Road, London, South Kensington, SW7 2AZ, UK. Weixiao.YuanWahlgren@chem.gu.se.,NHC Key Laboratory of Cancer Proteomics & Laboratory of Structural Biology, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan 410008, China. yonghenc@163.com.,the Institute of Microbiology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Vídeňská 1083, 142 20 Praha 4, Czech Republic.,Yellow Sea Fisheries Research Institute, Qingdao 266071, China.,Structural Biology Brussels, Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB), Brussels, Belgium.,Dipartimento di Farmacia , Università di Pisa , Via Bonanno 6 , 56126 Pisa , Italy.,Laboratory for Molecular Infection Medicine Sweden, Umeå University, 90187 Umeå, Sweden.,Department of Pharmacology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA. bryan_roth@med.unc.edu.,Bridge Institute,USC Michelson Center for Convergent Biosciences, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA.,Institute of Cell and Molecular Biosciences, University of Newcastle, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE2 4HH, UK.,Section of Electron Microscopy, Department of Molecular Cell Biology, Leiden University Medical Center, Einthovenweg 20, 2300 RC Leiden, Netherlands.,Department of Biochemistry, Molecular Biology and Biophysics, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, United States.,Bioscience Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545, USA.,Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Biocomputing, Joint School of Life Sciences , Guangzhou Institutes of Biomedicine and Health, Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou 510530 , China.,State Key Laboratory of Bio-organic and Natural Products Chemistry, Center for Excellence in Molecular Synthesis , Shanghai Institute of Organic Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences , Shanghai 200032 , China.,Vaccine Research Center, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA.,Department of Biology, Indiana University, 1001 E. 3rd Street, Bloomington, IN 47405, USA.,Endocrine Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02114, USA.,Department of Agricultural and Environmental Biology, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, 1-1-1 Yayoi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-8657, Japan. Electronic address: amaejima@mail.ecc.u-tokyo.ac.jp.,Purdue Center for Cancer Research, Purdue University , West Lafayette , Indiana 47907 , United States.,Department of Medicinal Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Center for Cancer Research, Institute for Drug Discovery , Purdue University , West Lafayette , Indiana 47907 , United States.,Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115.,IMED Oncology, AstraZeneca, Waltham, Massachusetts 02451, USA. neil.grimster@astrazeneca.com.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742, United States.,Institute for Protein Design, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA. dabaker@uw.edu.,Synchrotron SOLEIL , L'Orme des Merisiers, Saint-Aubin, BP 48, 91192 Gif-sur-Yvette , France.,National Facility for Protein Science in Shanghai, Zhangjiang Laboratory, Shanghai, 201210, China.,Department of Biochemistry and Cellular Biology, Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth, Hanover, New Hampshire, USA.,From the Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry.,Structural Genomics Consortium, University of Toronto , 101 College Street, Toronto, ON M5G 1L7, Canada.,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100049 Beijing, China.,Department of Refractory Viral Infections, National Center for Global Health and Medicine Research Institute, Tokyo, Japan.,State Key Laboratory of Medical Genomics, Shanghai Institute of Hematology, Rui-Jin Hospital, Shanghai JiaoTong University School of Medicine and School of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Shanghai JiaoTong University, 197 Ruijin Er Road, Shanghai, 200025, China. sjchen@stn.sh.cn.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA.,Imevax GmbH, Munich, Germany.,Computational Chemistry and Molecular Biophysics Unit, National Institute on Drug Abuse - Intramural Research Program, National Institutes of Health, Baltimore, MA 21224, USA. Electronic address: lei.shi2@nih.gov.,Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, 10900 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH, 44106, USA. kxp65@case.edu.,Department of Biotechnology, Chemistry and Pharmacy, Department of Excellence 2018-2022, University of Siena, via Aldo Moro, 2, 53100, Siena, SI, Italy. stefano.mangani@unisi.it.,Department of Pharmacy, Uppsala University, SE-75232, Uppsala, Sweden; Department of Pharmacy, University of Copenhagen, DK-2100, Copenhagen, Denmark. Electronic address: martin.malmsten@farmaci.uu.se.,Department of Microbiology, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA. ruiz.82@osu.edu.,BIFI, University of Zaragoza, BIFI-IQFR (CSIC) Joint Unit, Mariano Esquillor s/n, Campus Rio Ebro, Edificio I+D, Zaragoza 50018, Spain.,Buchmann Institute for Molecular Life Sciences (BMLS), Goethe University Frankfurt, 60438, Frankfurt am Main, Germany. h.bode@bio.uni-frankfurt.de.,Department of Biological Sciences, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan.,Department of Chemistry, University of Oslo, Sem Sælands vei 26, 0371, Oslo, Norway. michele.cascella@kjemi.uio.no.,Department of Applied and Ecological Microbiology, Institute of Microbiology, Friedrich Schiller University, Jena, Germany.,Structural Biology Unit, CIC bioGUNE, Bizkaia Technology Park, 48160 Derio, Spain.,Molecular and Computational Biology Program, Department of Biological Sciences and Department of Chemistry, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90089, USA.,Department of Molecular and Cellular Oncology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, 1515 Holcombe Boulevard, Houston, Texas, 77030, USA. mglee@mdanderson.org.,Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Hinxton, Cambridge, United Kingdom.,Protein Crystal Analysis Division, Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute, Hyogo, Japan.,Structural Biology/Biochemistry, Department of Biology, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Berlin, Germany.,Virus Ecology Unit, Rocky Mountain Laboratories, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Hamilton, Montana, USA.,Guangzhou Regenerative Medicine and Health Guangdong Laboratory (GRMH-GDL) , Guangzhou 510530 , China.,State Key Laboratory of Membrane Biology, Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, 100084 Beijing, China.,Hylleraas Centre for Quantum Molecular Sciences, University of Oslo, Sem Saelands vei 26, 0371, Oslo, Norway. michele.cascella@kjemi.uio.no.,State Key Laboratory of Microbial Metabolism, School of Life Sciences and Biotechnology , Shanghai Jiao Tong University , Shanghai 200240 , China.,Department of Biochemistry , Purdue University , West Lafayette , Indiana 47907 , United States.,Institute of Biophysics and Physical Biochemistry, University of Regensburg, 93053, Regensburg, Germany.,Scripps Institution of Oceanography and Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of California,San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093.,Cardiovascular Research Institute, Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, University of California, San Francisco, CA, 94158, USA.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Cambridge, 80 Tennis Court Road, Cambridge CB2 1GA, United Kingdom. Electronic address: mh256@cam.ac.uk.,Department of Biological Sciences, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan. Electronic address: nureki@bs.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp.,Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX 77555, USA.,UCIBIO, REQUIMTE, Departamento de Química, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, Universidade de Nova de Lisboa, Caparica 2825-149, Portugal.,Central European Institute of Technology, Masaryk University, 62500 Brno, Czech Republic.,Norwegian Center for Molecular Medicine, Nordic EMBL Partnership University of Oslo, Gaustadalléen 21, 0349, Oslo, Norway.,Program in Chemical Biology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109.,Division of Microbiology, Department of Biology, Friedrich Alexander University Erlangen, Erlangen, Germany.,Department of Bioengineering Sciences, Graduate School of Bioagricultural Sciences, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya 464-8601, Japan.,the College of Biomedical Sciences, Larkin University, Miami, Florida 33169.,The Center for RNA Biology, The Ohio State University, Columbus, United States.,From the Center for Nanobiology and Structural Biology, Institute of Microbiology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Zamek 136, 373 33 Nove Hrady, Czech Republic.,State Key Laboratory of Membrane Biology, Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, 100084 Beijing, China; suisf@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn shen@cc.okayama-u.ac.jp.,Shanghai Institute for Advanced Immunochemical Studies, ShanghaiTech University, Shanghai 201210, China.,State Key Laboratory of Bioorganic and Natural Product Chemistry, Center for Excellence in Molecular Synthesis, Shanghai Institute of Organic Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), 345 Lingling Road, Shanghai, 200032, China. ccao@mail.sioc.ac.cn.,Department of Chemistry, University of Oslo, Sem Sælands vei 26, 0371, Oslo, Norway.,National Microbiology Laboratory, Public Health Agency of Canada, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.,Linac Coherent Light Source, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA, USA.,Structural and Molecular Microbiology, Structural Biology Research Center, VIB, Brussels, Belgium han.remaut@vub.be.,Department of Pharmacology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.,Institute of Molecular Systems Biology and Department of Health Sciences and Technology, ETH Zürich, Otto-Stern-Weg 3, 8093 Zürich, Switzerland.,SAXS/WAXS, Australian Synchrotron/ANSTO, 800 Blackburn Road, Clayton, VIC 3168, Australia.,Aix Marseille Univ IRD, APHM, MEPHI, IHU Méditerranée Infection, Marseille, France.,Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Maryland School of Pharmacy, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA.,Center of scientific excellence, Helwan Structural Biology Research, Faculty of Pharmacy, Helwan University, Ain helwan, 11792 Helwan, Cairo, Egypt.,School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, University of South China, Hengyang 421001, China; Lab of Protein Structure and Function, University of South China, Hengyang 421001, China. Electronic address: ywlin@usc.edu.cn.,National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, People's Republic of China.,Department of Structural Biochemistry, Max Planck Institute of Molecular Physiology, Otto-Hahn-Strasse 11, 44227 Dortmund, Germany.,Department of Biochemistry, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA.,Department of Physiology and Cellular Biophysics, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032.,Department of Biochemistry, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, NC, USA. seok-yong.lee@duke.edu.,CryoEM Shared Resource, Janelia Research Campus, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Ashburn, VA, USA. yuz@janelia.hhmi.org.,VIB-VUB Center for Structural Biology, VIB, Brussels, Belgium.,National Key Laboratory of Plant Molecular Genetics, Chinese Academy of Sciences Center for Excellence in Molecular Plant Sciences, Shanghai Center for Plant Stress Biology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 201602 Shanghai, China; jacobsen@ucla.edu jmdu@sibs.ac.cn.,CAS Center for Excellence in Biomacromolecules, Beijing 100101, China.,NeCEN, Gorlaeus Laboratories, Leiden University, 2333 CC Leiden, Netherlands.,Markey Center for Structural Biology, Department of Biological Sciences and the Purdue Institute of Inflammation, Immunology and Infectious Disease , Purdue University , West Lafayette , Indiana 47907 , United States.,Chemical Biology Laboratory, Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute-Frederick, Frederick, MD 21702, USA.,Department of Pharmacology & Systems Physiology, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, 45267, OH, USA. bryan.mackenzie@uc.edu.,Key Laboratory of Systems Biomedicine, Shanghai Center for Systems Biomedicine, Shanghai JiaoTong University, 800 Dong Chuan Road, Shanghai, 200240, China. sjchen@stn.sh.cn.,Department of Biological Chemistry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109.,Department of Biological Sciences, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo, Bunkyo, Tokyo, 113-0033, Japan. nureki@bs.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp.,Department of Molecular Pharmacology, Physiology, and Biotechnology, Brown University, Providence, RI, USA.,Copenhagen Center for Glycomics, Department of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, School of Dentistry, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen 1165, Denmark.,CryoEM Shared Resource, Janelia Research Campus, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Ashburn, VA, USA.,Division of Biotechnology, College of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Korea University, 145 Anam-ro, Seongbuk-gu, Seoul 02841, South Korea.,Crystalgenomics, Inc., 5F, Tower A, Korea Bio Park 700, Daewangpangyo-ro, Bundang-gu, Seongnam-si, Gyeonggi-do 13524, South Korea.,School of Life Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, 230026, China.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Cambridge, 80 Tennis Court Road, Cambridge CB2 1GA, United Kingdom.,National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China.,Division of Biomedical Sciences, University of California-Riverside School of Medicine, 900 University Avenue, Riverside, CA, 92521, USA.,Department of Biochemistry, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Brandeis University, Waltham, MA, USA. cmiller@brandeis.edu.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095.,Key Laboratory of Tropical Forest Ecology, Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming, China.,Lab of Protein Structure and Function, University of South China, Hengyang 421001, China.,Department of Biophysics, Bose Institute, Kolkata, 700054, India.,Institute of Oceanography, Minjiang University, 350108 Fuzhou, China.,School of Pharmacy , Jinan University , 601 Huangpu Avenue West , Guangzhou 510632 , China.,Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at Microscale CAS Center for Excellence in Biomacromolecules, Collaborative Innovation Center of Chemistry for Life Sciences, and School of Life Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China, 96 Jinzhai Road, Hefei, Anhui, 230026, China.,State Key Laboratory of Molecular Developmental Biology, Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China.,Department of Chemistry, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA.,Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA.,Department of Biomedical and Molecular Sciences, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, K7L 3N6, Canada. jia@queensu.ca.,Norwegian Center for Molecular Medicine, Nordic EMBL Partnership University of Oslo, Gaustadalléen 21, 0349, Oslo, Norway. premo@dtu.dk.,Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra , Università di Pisa , via Santa Maria 53 , 56126 Pisa , Italy.,Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA. andrew_kruse@hms.harvard.edu.,Center for Free-Electron Laser Science, DESY, Hamburg, Germany.,School of Biosciences, University of Nottingham, Sutton Bonington Campus, Leicestershire LE12 5RD, United Kingdom.,Photon Science, Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron, Hamburg 22607, Germany.,Institute for Medical Microbiology, Immunology and Hygiene, Technische Universität München, Munich, Germany.,MRC Protein Phosphorylation and Ubiquitylation Unit, University of Dundee, Dundee, UK. s.s.virdee@dundee.ac.uk.,Maurice Wilkins Centre for Molecular Biodiscovery, University of Auckland, Auckland 1142, New Zealand.,RNA Therapeutics Institute and Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts 01605, United States.,Institute of Biotechnology , RWTH Aachen University , Worringerweg 3 , 52074 Aachen , Germany.,Northern Institute for Cancer Research, Medical School, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE2 4HH, UK.,Institute of Medical Microbiology and Hygiene, University of Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany.,Division of Structural Biology, Wellcome Centre for Human Genetics, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK. radu@mrc-lmb.cam.ac.uk.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA.,State Key Laboratory of Ecological Pest Control for Fujian and Taiwan Crops, College of Plant Protection, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, 350002 Fuzhou, China.,Institute of Fundamental Sciences and the Riddet Institute, Massey University, Palmerston North 4442, New Zealand.,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences , No. 19 Yuquan Road , Beijing 100049 , China.,School of Pharmaceutical Sciences , Sun Yat-Sen University , Guangzhou 510006 , China.,Institut de Biologie Intégrative de la Cellule (I2BC), IBITECS, CEA, CNRS, Université Paris-Saclay, F-91198 Gif-sur-Yvette, France.,Shanghai Institute of Precision Medicine, Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200125, China.,Photosynthesis Research Center, Key Laboratory of Photobiology, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100093 Beijing, China; suisf@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn shen@cc.okayama-u.ac.jp.,State Key Laboratory of Medical Genomics, Shanghai Institute of Hematology, Rui-Jin Hospital, Shanghai JiaoTong University School of Medicine and School of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Shanghai JiaoTong University, 197 Ruijin Er Road, Shanghai, 200025, China.,Department of Chemistry, Shanghai Key Lab of Chemical Biology for Protein Research & Institute of Biomedical Science, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China.,Department of Cell Biology, Neurobiology and Anatomy, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, USA.,Institute for Genetics, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany.,Cleveland Center for Membrane and Structural Biology, Case Western Reserve University, 1819 East 101st Street, Cleveland, OH, 44106, USA.,University of Tennessee-Oak Ridge National Laboratory Graduate School of Genome Science and Technology, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996, USA.,Department of Pharmaceutical and Biological Chemistry, UCL School of Pharmacy, 29-39 Brunswick Square, London, WC1N 1AX, United Kingdom f.kozielski@ucl.ac.uk s.talapatra@ucl.ac.uk.,Tsinghua Institute of Multidisciplinary Biomedical Research, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China. shaofeng@nibs.ac.cn.,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. 19(A) Yuquan Road, Shijingshan District, Beijing, 100049, China. ccao@mail.sioc.ac.cn.,Department of Biological Sciences, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo, Bunkyo, Tokyo, 113-0033, Japan.,Faculty of Bioscience, Hosei University, 3-7-2 Kajino-cho, Koganei-shi, Tokyo, 184-8584, Japan.,Synthetic Biology for Clinical and Technological Innovation, Life Sciences Institute, National University of Singapore, 117456 Singapore, Singapore.,Key Laboratory of Systems Biomedicine, Shanghai Center for Systems Biomedicine, Shanghai JiaoTong University, 800 Dong Chuan Road, Shanghai, 200240, China. guoyumeng@shsmu.edu.cn.,Key Laboratory of Systems Biomedicine, Shanghai Center for Systems Biomedicine, Shanghai JiaoTong University, 800 Dong Chuan Road, Shanghai, 200240, China.,Institute for Protein Design, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.,National Institute of Biological Sciences, Beijing, China. shaofeng@nibs.ac.cn.,Perlmutter Cancer Center, New York University Langone Health, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA.,Department of Macromolecular Science, Graduate School of Science, Osaka University, Toyonaka 560-0043, Japan.,University of Lübeck , 23562 Lübeck , Germany.,Univ. Lille, CNRS, Inserm, CHU Lille, Institut Pasteur de Lille, U1019-UMR 8204-CIIL- Center for Infection and Immunity of Lille, F-59000 Lille, France.,Structural Biology Brussels, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium.,Lehrstuhl Biopolymere und Forschungszentrum für Bio-Makromoleküle, Universität Bayreuth, Bayreuth, Germany.,School of Pharmacy, Fudan University, Shanghai 201203, China.,Institut für Physikalische Chemie, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz, Duesbergweg 10-14, 55128, Mainz, Germany.,Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at Microscale CAS Center for Excellence in Biomacromolecules, Collaborative Innovation Center of Chemistry for Life Sciences, and School of Life Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China, 96 Jinzhai Road, Hefei, Anhui, 230026, China. zangjy@ustc.edu.cn.,National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, People's Republic of China. Electronic address: yesheng@ibp.ac.cn.,College of Medicine, Florida State University, 1115 West Call Street, Tallahassee, FL 32306-4300, USA.,Institute of Anatomy, Medical Faculty, University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Germany.,National Science Foundation, 2415 Eisenhower Avenue, Alexandria, VA 22314, USA.,Department of Physics, IIT Kharagpur, Kharagpur, 721302, India.,Shanghai Science Research Center, CAS, Shanghai, 201204, China.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Bio21 Molecular Science and Biotechnology Institute, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.,ISIS Neutron and Muon Spallation Source and Research Complex at Harwell, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Oxfordshire, United Kingdom.,the Department of Structural Cell Biology, Molecular Mechanisms of DNA Repair, Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry, Am Klopferspitz 18, 82152 Martinsried, Germany.,Department of Urology, Renji Hospital, School of Medicine , Shanghai Jiao Tong University , Shanghai 200127 , China.,Center for Cancer and Cell Biology, Innovation and Integration Program, Van Andel Research Institute, Grand Rapids, MI 49503, USA.,Quantum Beam Science Research Directorate, National Institutes for Quantum and Radiological Science and Technology, 2-4 Shirakata, Tokai, Ibaraki 319-1106, Japan.,School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, 510006, China.,Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Biocomputing, Joint School of Life Sciences, Guangzhou Institutes of Biomedicine and Health, Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Guangzhou Medical University , Guangzhou , China.,Department of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA. bchen@crystal.harvard.edu.,Institute for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Hamburg, 20146 Hamburg, Germany; daniel.wilson@chemie.uni-hamburg.de.,Department of Physiology and Cellular Biophysics, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032; wah2@cumc.columbia.edu yuhang.chen@genetics.ac.cn.,Nano Medical Engineering Laboratory, RIKEN Cluster of Pioneering Research, 2-1 Hirosawa, Wako-shi, Saitama, 351-0198, Japan.,Department of Biochemistry, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Brandeis University, Waltham, MA, USA.,School of Life Science and Technology, ShanghaiTech University, Shanghai 201210, China.,Division of Molecular Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA. bchen@crystal.harvard.edu.,New York Consortium on Membrane Protein Structure, New York Structural Biology Center, New York, NY 10027, USA.,Neutron Sciences Directorate, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831, USA.,Bristol-Myers Squibb Research and Development, P.O. Box 4000, Princeton, New Jersey 08543, United States.,RIKEN SPring-8 Center, Hyogo, 679-5148, Japan.,Department of Microbiology, Institute of Biomedical and Health Sciences, Hiroshima University, 1-2-3 Kasumi, Minami-ku, Hiroshima 734-8553, Japan.,Department of Pharmacology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, 12800 East 19th Ave, Aurora, CO, 80045, USA.,Department of Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA.,College of Chemistry, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, 100875, China. jimin_z@bnu.edu.cn.,Graduate Program in Molecular Biophysics and Structural Biology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095.,Department of Chemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Gothenburg, Box 462, S-40530, Gothenburg, Sweden. Rosmarie.Friemann@gu.se.,Department of Structural Biology, School of Medicine Stanford University, 299 Campus Drive West Stanford, Stanford, CA, 94305-5126, USA. Rosmarie.Friemann@gu.se.,Division of Biotechnology, College of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Korea University, 145 Anam-ro, Seongbuk-gu, Seoul 02841, South Korea. Electronic address: chahong@korea.ac.kr.,Department of Biophysics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India. Electronic address: tpsingh.aiims@gmail.com.,Department of Biology, Southern University of Science and Technology of China, Shenzhen, 518055 Guangdong, China.,Department of Pathology, David Geffen School of Medicine at University of California, Los Angeles, 90095, CA, USA.,School of Biological Sciences , Nanyang Technological University , 639798 Singapore.,Departments of Chemistry and Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, United States.,Department of Physiology and Biophysics, School of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, 10900 Euclid Ave, Cleveland, OH, 44106, USA.,Daiichi Sankyo Deutschland GmbH, Zielstattstr. 48, 81379 München, Germany.,Genmab, Yalelaan 60, 3584 CM Utrecht, Netherlands.,Institute of Medical Biology, Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR), 138648, Singapore.,Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care and Pain Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.,Key Laboratory of Molecular Biophysics of the Ministry of Education, College of Life Science and Technology, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 1037 Luoyu Road, Wuhan, 430074, Hubei, China.,Hauptman-Woodward Institute, Department of Structural Biology, Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY, USA.,Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115; andrew_kruse@hms.harvard.edu.,Department of Pharmaceutical and Biological Chemistry, UCL School of Pharmacy, 29-39 Brunswick Square, London, WC1N 1AX, United Kingdom.,Codex BioSolutions, Gaithersburg, MD, USA.,UCL MRC Laboratory for Molecular Cell Biology, Gower Street, London, WC1E 6BT, United Kingdom.,Center for Nano Science and Technology @Polimi, Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, Via G. Pascoli 70/3, 20133, Milano, Italy.,The Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research, Parkville, Victoria, Australia.,Division of Molecular Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.,School of Biological Sciences, Nanyang Technological University, 637551, Singapore. pnordlund@ntu.edu.sg zbozdech@ntu.edu.sg.,Institute for Protein Research, Osaka University, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan.,College of Veterinary Medicine, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, China.,MOE Key Laboratory of Spectrochemical Analysis & Instrumentation, Key Laboratory of Chemical Biology of Fujian Province, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Xiamen University, Xiamen, 361005, China.,Department of Biophysics, Bose Institute, Kolkata, 700054, India. Electronic address: bhunia@jcbose.ac.in.,Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Structural Biology, Tsinghua-Peking Joint Center for Life Sciences, School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China.,Department of Structural Biology, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, TN, USA.,University of Applied Sciences and Arts Northwestern Switzerland, Hofackerstrasse 30, CH-4132, Muttenz, Switzerland.,Department of Biotechnology, IIT Madras, Chennai, 600036, India.,Systems Biology & Physiology Program, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, 45267, OH, USA.,State Key Laboratory of Agricultural Microbiology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, China syf@mail.hzau.edu.cn.,Department of Biochemistry, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, United States.,Department of Biology and Biochemistry , University of Bath , Claverton Down , Bath BA2 7AY , United Kingdom.,Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care and Pain Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA. kwmiller@mgh.harvard.edu.,Department of Biology, Molecular Basis of Disease Program, Department of Computer Science, and Department of Chemistry, Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia 30303, United States.,Global Health Institute, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland stewart.cole@epfl.ch.,Biomolecular Interaction Centre and School of Physical and Chemical Sciences, University of Canterbury, Christchurch 8041, New Zealand emily.parker@vuw.ac.nz g.b.jameson@massey.ac.nz.,Department of Cell Biology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.,Centre for Antibiotic Resistance Research (CARe) at University of Gothenburg, Box 440, S-40530, Gothenburg, Sweden. Rosmarie.Friemann@gu.se.,State Key Laboratory of Molecular Biology, CAS Center for Excellence in Molecular Cell Science, Shanghai Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Shanghai 200031, China.,the Faculty of Sciences, University of South Bohemia in Ceske Budejovice, Branišovská 1760, 370 05 České Budějovice, Czech Republic.,Faculty of Biology, University of Freiburg, 79104 Freiburg, Germany.,Department of Molecular Physiology and Biophysics, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN 37232, USA.,Infection and Immunity Program and Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Biomedicine Discovery Institute, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3800, Australia.,Stanford University, Department of Structural Biology, Stanford, CA, USA.,the Department of Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117543, Singapore.,Division of Biological Chemistry and Drug Discovery, School of Life Sciences, University of Dundee, Dow Street, Dundee DD1 5EH, Scotland, UK. Electronic address: a.ciulli@dundee.ac.uk.,Institute of Molecular Biosciences and Center for Biomolecular Magnetic Resonance (BMRZ), Goethe University Frankfurt, 60438, Frankfurt am Main, Germany.,UCLA-DOE Institute of Genomics and Proteomics and.,Department of Molecular Structural Biology, Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry, 82152 Martinsried, Germany.,Structural Genomics Consortium, University of Toronto, 101 College Street, Toronto, Ontario, M5G 1L7, Canada. jr.min@utoronto.ca.,Laboratory of Biomolecular Research, Division of Biology and Chemistry , Paul Scherrer Institute , 5232 Villigen , Switzerland.,Department of Cellular Logistics, Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry, Göttingen, Germany goerlich@mpibpc.mpg.de.,Department of Immunobiology, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Florida Atlantic University, 777 Glades Road, Boca Raton, FL 33431-0991, USA; Marine Biochemical Sciences, Chemical Sciences Division, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Hollings Marine Laboratory, 331 Fort Johnson Road, Charleston, SC 29412, USA. Electronic address: frank.mari@nist.gov.,Department of Molecular, Cell and Developmental Biology, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095; jacobsen@ucla.edu jmdu@sibs.ac.cn.,School of Molecular Sciences and Biodesign Center for Applied Structural Discovery, Biodesign Institute, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, USA. w.liu@asu.edu.,Northern Institute for Cancer Research, School of Chemistry, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 7RU, UK.,Shanghai Public Health Clinical Center and School of Basic Medical Sciences, and Key Laboratory of Medical Molecular Virology of MOE/MOH, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032, China.,Department of Chemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Gothenburg, Box 462, S-40530, Gothenburg, Sweden.,Department of Molecular Pharmacology, Physiology, and Biotechnology, Brown University, Providence, RI, USA nicolas_fawzi@brown.edu.,Section of Electron Microscopy, Department of Molecular Cell Biology, Leiden University Medical Center, Einthovenweg 20, 2300 RC Leiden, Netherlands. t.sharp@lumc.nl p.w.h.i.parren@lumc.nl p.gros@uu.nl.,Department of Chemistry and Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907, United States.,Department of Molecular Biophysics and Biochemistry, Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA.,State Key Laboratory of Agricultural Microbiology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, China.,Institute of Immunology, Friedrich-Loeffler Institut, Greifswald-Insel Riems, Germany.,Translational Research Office, UCL School of Pharmacy, 29-39 Brunswick Square, London, WC1N 1AX, United Kingdom.,AbbVie Inc. , 1 North Waukegan Road, North Chicago, Illinois 60064, United States.,Schaller Research Group at the University of Heidelberg and the DKFZ, Heidelberg, Germany g.hansman@dkfz.de.,the Department of Life Sciences, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, University of Tokyo, Tokyo 153-8902.,Department of Discovery Chemistry, Biocon Bristol-Myers Squibb Research and Development Center, Biocon Park, Jigani Link Road, Bommasandra IV, Bangalore 560099, India.,Crystalgenomics, Inc., 5F, Tower A, Korea Bio Park 700, Daewangpangyo-ro, Bundang-gu, Seongnam-si, Gyeonggi-do 13524, South Korea; Division of Biotechnology, College of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Korea University, 145 Anam-ro, Seongbuk-gu, Seoul 02841, South Korea.,Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA. dabaker@uw.edu.,Biology Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY 11973, USA.,Laboratory for GPCR Biology, Department of Pharmacology and Chemical Biology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA. eric.xu@vai.org mwwang@simm.ac.cn jpv@pitt.edu zhang_yan@zju.edu.cn.,Department of Integrative Biomedical Sciences, Institute of Infectious Disease and Molecular Medicine , University of Cape Town , Observatory , 7925 Cape Town , Republic of South Africa.,Department of Microbiology, The Ohio State University, Columbus, United States.,Developmental Therapeutics Branch and Laboratory of Molecular Pharmacology, Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, United States.,Max Planck Institute for Molecular Genetics, Berlin, Germany.,Computational Chemistry and Molecular Biophysics Unit, National Institute on Drug Abuse - Intramural Research Program, National Institutes of Health, Baltimore, MA 21224, USA.,Center for Biological Systems Analysis (ZBSA), University of Freiburg, 79104 Freiburg, Germany.,Department of Biological Sciences, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo, Bunkyo, Tokyo, 113-0033, Japan. t-2438@bs.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp.,Institute of Human Virology, Department of Microbiology & Immunology, and Program in Molecular Microbiology & Immunology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21201, United States.,Molecular Biology Institute, UCLA, Los Angeles, California 90095.,the Institute of Biochemistry, University of Lübeck, Ratzeburger Allee 160, Lübeck, Germany, and.,Division of Molecular Medicine, Bose Institute, Kolkata, 700054, India.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095; houk@chem.ucla.edu robin.teufel@zbsa.uni-freiburg.de.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, CH-8057, Zurich, Switzerland. Electronic address: caflisch@bioc.uzh.ch.,Center for Biological Systems Analysis (ZBSA), University of Freiburg, 79104 Freiburg, Germany; houk@chem.ucla.edu robin.teufel@zbsa.uni-freiburg.de.,Structural and Molecular Microbiology, Structural Biology Research Center, VIB, Brussels, Belgium.,Lindsley F. Kimball Research Institute, New York Blood Center, New York, NY 10065, USA.,Department of Translational Research in Psychiatry , Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry , 80804 Munich , Germany.,From the Research Institute for Interdisciplinary Science, Graduate School of Natural Science and Technology, Okayama University, Okayama 700-8530, shen@cc.okayama-u.ac.jp.,Graduate School of Natural Science and Technology, Okayama University, 700-8530 Okayama, Japan.,Department of Pharmacology and Molecular Therapeutics, Uniformed Services University, Bethesda, MD, USA.,School of Chemistry, National University of Ireland, University Road, Galway, Ireland.,Department of Biochemistry, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, CH-8057, Zurich, Switzerland.,Department of Medicine, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA.,Graduate Program in Molecular Biology, Cell Biology and Biochemistry, Brown University, Providence, RI, USA.,Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, CA, USA.,School of Biological Sciences & Maurice Wilkins Centre , University of Auckland , Auckland 1010 , New Zealand.,Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Osaka University, 1-6 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan.,Department of Biological Sciences, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA. cherezov@usc.edu.,Department of Bioinformatics and Structural Biochemistry, Institute of Biochemistry of the Romanian Academy, Bucharest, Romania.,Department of Biochemistry and Cellular and Molecular Biology, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996, USA.,SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Bioscience Division, Menlo Park, CA, USA.,Department of Microbiology and Immunobiology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115.,MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge Biomedical Campus, Cambridge, UK.,The CAS Key Laboratory of Receptor Research, Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201203, China.,Department of Pathology of Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital and Department of Biophysics, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou 310058, China.,National Institute of Mental Health Psychoactive Drug Screening Program, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.,Institute for Evolution and Biodiversity, University of Münster, Hüfferstrasse 1, D-48149 Münster, Germany.,Center for Drug Design, Academic Health Center, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, United States. Electronic address: wangx472@umn.edu.,School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, University of South China, Hengyang 421001, China.,Center for Drug Design, Academic Health Center, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, United States.,Departments of Biochemistry, Pediatrics and Chemistry, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 44106, United States.,Experimental Retrovilogy Section, HIV and AIDS Malignancy Branch, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, United States.,Graduate School of Media and Governance, Keio University, 5322 Endo, Fujisawa, Kanagawa 252-0882, Japan.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA.,Big Data Institute, Li Ka Shing Centre for Health Information and Discovery, Oxford, United Kingdom.,School of Pharmaceutical Sciences , Jilin University , No.1266 Fujin Road , Chaoyang District, Changchun , Jilin 130021 , China.,Division of Chemical Biology and Medicinal Chemistry, Eshelman School of Pharmacy, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA. bryan_roth@med.unc.edu.,Instituto de Química Médica, IQM-CSIC, 28006 Madrid, Spain.,Department of Chemistry, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, N2L3G1, Canada.,Department of Agricultural and Environmental Biology, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, 1-1-1 Yayoi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-8657, Japan.,the Japan Science and Technology Agency, PRESTO, 4-1-8 Honcho, Kawaguchi, Saitama 332-0012, and.,Univ. Lille, Inserm, Institut Pasteur de Lille, U1177 - Drugs and Molecules for living Systems, F-59000 Lille, France.,Fundación ARAID, 50018 Zaragoza, Spain.,Global Health Institute, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland.,The Institute for Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine (InStem), GKVK Post, Bangalore, 560065, Karnataka, India.,VIB-VUB Center for Structural Biology, VIB, Brussels, 1050, Belgium.,Chemical Sciences Division, National Institute of Standards and Technology, 100 Bureau Drive, Stop 8391, Gaithersburg, MD 20899-8391, USA.,Biomolecular Interaction Centre and School of Physical and Chemical Sciences, University of Canterbury, Christchurch 8041, New Zealand.,Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA.,Department of Systems Biology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115.,Laboratory of Molecular Biology, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892; yinsheng.wang@ucr.edu wei.yang@nih.gov.,Department of Analytical Chemistry, Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, CAS, 555 Zuchongzhi Road, Shanghai, 201203, China.,Technische Universität Braunschweig , 38106 Braunschweig , Germany.,Department of Oncology and Pathology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm 17177, Sweden.,Department of Pharmacology, Howard Hughes Medical Institute. Electronic address: hongtao.yu@utsouthwestern.edu.,Ipsen Bioinnovation Limited, Abingdon, United Kingdom.,Astex Pharmaceuticals, Cambridge, United Kingdom. George.ward@astx.com.,Department of Modern Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui, 230026, China.,National Key Laboratory of Plant Molecular Genetics, Chinese Academy of Sciences Center for Excellence in Molecular Plant Sciences, Shanghai Center for Plant Stress Biology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 201602 Shanghai, China.,Pasteur Institute, Viral Pathogenesis Unit, Paris, France.,Department of Microbiology, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.,Department of Infectious Diseases, Institute for Biomedicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Box 440, S-40530, Gothenburg, Sweden.,Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Research Complex at Harwell, Didcot, Oxfordshire, OX11 0FA, UK.,Department of Physiology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, M5S 1A8, Canada. jr.min@utoronto.ca.,Department of Biosciences, University of Milan, Milan, 20133, Italy.,National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, People's Republic of China; National Center for Protein Science Shanghai, Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201203, People's Republic of China. Electronic address: rzhang@ibp.ac.cn.,Department of Life Sciences, Imperial College London, Exhibition Road, London, South Kensington, SW7 2AZ, UK.,Technology Center for Protein Sciences, Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Protein Sciences, School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China.,Department of Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine at University of California, Los Angeles, 90095, CA, USA.,National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, People's Republic of China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, People's Republic of China.,Plant Biochemistry, Faculty of Biology and Biotechnology, Ruhr University Bochum, 44780 Bochum, Germany.,Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at Microscale CAS Center for Excellence in Biomacromolecules, Collaborative Innovation Center of Chemistry for Life Sciences, and School of Life Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China, 96 Jinzhai Road, Hefei, Anhui, 230026, China. xuanzbin@ustc.edu.cn.,Department of Biology, Indiana University, 1001 E. 3rd Street, Bloomington, IN 47405, USA; Faculté de Médecine, Département de Microbiologie, infectiologie et immunologie, Université de Montréal, C.P. 6128, Succursale Centre-ville, Montréal, QC H3C 3J7, Canada.,School of Pharmacy, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, Texas 79968.,Department of Biochemistry, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, NC, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DHD15_extended_A
A, C
78N/AMutation(s): 0 
Protein Feature View is not available: No corresponding UniProt sequence found.
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DHD15_extended_B
B, D
78N/AMutation(s): 0 
Protein Feature View is not available: No corresponding UniProt sequence found.
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SO4
Query on SO4

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
B
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
FME
Query on FME
A, C
L-PEPTIDE LINKINGC6 H11 N O3 SMET
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 27.854α = 90.00
b = 92.739β = 90.00
c = 115.333γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
XDSdata reduction
PHASERphasing
XDSdata scaling
PHENIXrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
Howard Hughes Medical InstituteUnited States--

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2018-12-19
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2019-01-02
    Type: Data collection, Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2019-01-16
    Type: Data collection, Database references