5ZBX

The crystal structure of the nucleosome containing histone H3.1 CATD(V76Q, K77D)


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.58 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.249 
  • R-Value Work: 0.213 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.215 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report



Literature

The CENP-A centromere targeting domain facilitates H4K20 monomethylation in the nucleosome by structural polymorphism.

Arimura, Y.Tachiwana, H.Takagi, H.Hori, T.Kimura, H.Fukagawa, T.Kurumizaka, H.

(2019) Nat Commun 10: 576-576

  • DOI: 10.1038/s41467-019-08314-x
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    5Z23, 5ZBX

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Centromeric nucleosomes are composed of the centromere-specific histone H3 variant CENP-A and the core histones H2A, H2B, and H4. To establish a functional kinetochore, histone H4 lysine-20 (H4K20) must be monomethylated, but the underlying mechanism ...

    Centromeric nucleosomes are composed of the centromere-specific histone H3 variant CENP-A and the core histones H2A, H2B, and H4. To establish a functional kinetochore, histone H4 lysine-20 (H4K20) must be monomethylated, but the underlying mechanism has remained enigmatic. To provide structural insights into H4K20 methylation, we here solve the crystal structure of a nucleosome containing an H3.1-CENP-A chimera, H3.1 CATD , which has a CENP-A centromere targeting domain and preserves essential CENP-A functions in vivo. Compared to the canonical H3.1 nucleosome, the H3.1 CATD nucleosome exhibits conformational changes in the H4 N-terminal tail leading to a relocation of H4K20. In particular, the H4 N-terminal tail interacts with glutamine-76 and aspartate-77 of canonical H3.1 while these interactions are cancelled in the presence of the CENP-A-specific residues valine-76 and lysine-77. Mutations of valine-76 and lysine-77 impair H4K20 monomethylation both in vitro and in vivo. These findings suggest that a CENP-A-mediated structural polymorphism may explain the preferential H4K20 monomethylation in centromeric nucleosomes.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Graduate School of Advanced Science and Engineering, Waseda University, 2-2 Wakamatsu-cho, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, 162-8480, Japan. kurumizaka@iam.u-tokyo.ac.jp.



Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Histone H3.1,Histone H3-like centromeric protein A,Histone H3.1AE141Homo sapiensMutation(s): 2 
Gene Names: 
Find proteins for P49450 (Homo sapiens)
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Go to UniProtKB:  P49450
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PHAROS  P49450
Find proteins for P68431 (Homo sapiens)
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PHAROS  P68431
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
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Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Histone H4BF106Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: 
Find proteins for P62805 (Homo sapiens)
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PHAROS  P62805
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  • Reference Sequence
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Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Histone H2A type 1-B/ECG133Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: HIST1H2ABH2AFMHIST1H2AEH2AFAH2AC4H2AC8
Find proteins for P04908 (Homo sapiens)
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PHAROS  P04908
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  • Reference Sequence
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Entity ID: 4
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Histone H2B type 1-JDH129Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: HIST1H2BJH2BFRH2BC11
Find proteins for P06899 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P06899 
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PHAROS  P06899
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  • Reference Sequence
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Entity ID: 5
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganismImage
DNA (146-MER)I, J146Homo sapiens
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
MN
Query on MN

Download CCD File 
E, I, J
MANGANESE (II) ION
Mn
WAEMQWOKJMHJLA-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CL
Query on CL

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C, G
CHLORIDE ION
Cl
VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.58 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.249 
  • R-Value Work: 0.213 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.215 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 99.543α = 90
b = 109.003β = 90
c = 170.136γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement
XDSdata reduction
XDSdata scaling
PHASERphasing
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction

Structure Validation

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Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
Japan Society for the Promotion of ScienceJapanJP17K15043
Japan Society for the Promotion of ScienceJapanJP25116002
Japan Society for the Promotion of ScienceJapanJP17H01408
Japan Science and TechnologyJapanJPMJCR16G1
Japan Agency for Medical Research and DevelopmentJapanBasis for Supporting Innovative Drug Discovery and Life Science Research (BINDS)

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2019-02-13
    Type: Initial release