5Z23

Crystal structure of the nucleosome containing a chimeric histone H3/CENP-A CATD


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.73 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.261 
  • R-Value Work: 0.203 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.205 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.0 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

The CENP-A centromere targeting domain facilitates H4K20 monomethylation in the nucleosome by structural polymorphism.

Arimura, Y.Tachiwana, H.Takagi, H.Hori, T.Kimura, H.Fukagawa, T.Kurumizaka, H.

(2019) Nat Commun 10: 576-576

  • DOI: 10.1038/s41467-019-08314-x
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    5Z23, 5ZBX

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Centromeric nucleosomes are composed of the centromere-specific histone H3 variant CENP-A and the core histones H2A, H2B, and H4. To establish a functional kinetochore, histone H4 lysine-20 (H4K20) must be monomethylated, but the underlying mechanism has remained enigmatic ...

    Centromeric nucleosomes are composed of the centromere-specific histone H3 variant CENP-A and the core histones H2A, H2B, and H4. To establish a functional kinetochore, histone H4 lysine-20 (H4K20) must be monomethylated, but the underlying mechanism has remained enigmatic. To provide structural insights into H4K20 methylation, we here solve the crystal structure of a nucleosome containing an H3.1-CENP-A chimera, H3.1 CATD , which has a CENP-A centromere targeting domain and preserves essential CENP-A functions in vivo. Compared to the canonical H3.1 nucleosome, the H3.1 CATD nucleosome exhibits conformational changes in the H4 N-terminal tail leading to a relocation of H4K20. In particular, the H4 N-terminal tail interacts with glutamine-76 and aspartate-77 of canonical H3.1 while these interactions are cancelled in the presence of the CENP-A-specific residues valine-76 and lysine-77. Mutations of valine-76 and lysine-77 impair H4K20 monomethylation both in vitro and in vivo. These findings suggest that a CENP-A-mediated structural polymorphism may explain the preferential H4K20 monomethylation in centromeric nucleosomes.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Graduate School of Advanced Science and Engineering, Waseda University, 2-2 Wakamatsu-cho, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, 162-8480, Japan. kurumizaka@iam.u-tokyo.ac.jp.



Macromolecules

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Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Histone H3.1,Histone H3-like centromeric protein A,Histone H3.1A, E141Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: 
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Find proteins for P49450 (Homo sapiens)
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PHAROS:  P49450
Find proteins for P68431 (Homo sapiens)
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  • Reference Sequence
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Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Histone H4B, F106Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: 
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Find proteins for P62805 (Homo sapiens)
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  • Reference Sequence
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Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Histone H2A type 1-B/EC, G167Homo sapiensMutation(s): 3 
Gene Names: HIST1H2ABH2AFMHIST1H2AEH2AFAH2AC4H2AC8
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Find proteins for P04908 (Homo sapiens)
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  • Reference Sequence
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Entity ID: 4
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Histone H2B type 1-JD, H129Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: HIST1H2BJH2BFRH2BC11
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Find proteins for P06899 (Homo sapiens)
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  • Reference Sequence
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Entity ID: 5
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganismImage
DNA (146-MER)I, J146Homo sapiens
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
MSE
Query on MSE
C, GL-PEPTIDE LINKINGC5 H11 N O2 SeMET
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.73 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.261 
  • R-Value Work: 0.203 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.205 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 99.641α = 90
b = 100.745β = 90
c = 173.431γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling
PHASERphasing
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report




Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
Japan Society for the Promotion of ScienceJapanJP25116002
Japan Society for the Promotion of ScienceJapanJP17K15043
Japan Society for the Promotion of ScienceJapanJP17H01408
Japan Science and TechnologyJapanJPMJCR16G1
Japan Agency for Medical Research and DevelopmentJapanPlatform Project for Supporting in Drug Discovery and Life Science Research

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2019-02-13
    Type: Initial release