Mechanistic insights into staphylopine-mediated metal acquisitionSong, L., Zhang, Y., Chen, W., Gu, T., Zhang, S.Y., Ji, Q.
(2018) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 115: 3942-3947
- PubMed: 29581261
- DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1718382115
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
Metal acquisition is vital to pathogens for successful infection within hosts. Staphylopine (StP), a broad-spectrum metallophore biosynthesized by the major human pathogen, <i>Staphylococcus aureus </i>, plays a central role in transition-metal acqu ...
Metal acquisition is vital to pathogens for successful infection within hosts. Staphylopine (StP), a broad-spectrum metallophore biosynthesized by the major human pathogen, Staphylococcus aureus , plays a central role in transition-metal acquisition and bacterial virulence. The StP-like biosynthesis loci are present in various pathogens, and the proteins responsible for StP/metal transportation have been determined. However, the molecular mechanisms of how StP/metal complexes are recognized and transported remain unknown. We report multiple structures of the extracytoplasmic solute-binding protein CntA from the StP/metal transportation system in apo form and in complex with StP and three different metals. We elucidated a sophisticated metal-bound StP recognition mechanism and determined that StP/metal binding triggers a notable interdomain conformational change in CntA. Furthermore, CRISPR/Cas9-mediated single-base substitution mutations and biochemical analysis highlight the importance of StP/metal recognition for StP/metal acquisition. These discoveries provide critical insights into the study of novel metal-acquisition mechanisms in microbes.
School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 200240 Shanghai, China.,School of Physical Science and Technology, ShanghaiTech University, 201210 Shanghai, China.,School of Physical Science and Technology, ShanghaiTech University, 201210 Shanghai, China; firstname.lastname@example.org.