5NHU

HUMAN ALPHA THROMBIN COMPLEXED WITH ANOPHELES GAMBIAE cE5 ANTICOAGULANT


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.45 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.203 
  • R-Value Work: 0.179 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Functional analyses yield detailed insight into the mechanism of thrombin inhibition by the antihemostatic salivary protein cE5 from Anopheles gambiae.

Pirone, L.Ripoll-Rozada, J.Leone, M.Ronca, R.Lombardo, F.Fiorentino, G.Andersen, J.F.Pereira, P.J.B.Arca, B.Pedone, E.

(2017) J. Biol. Chem. 292: 12632-12642

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M117.788042

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Saliva of blood-feeding arthropods carries several antihemostatic compounds whose physiological role is to facilitate successful acquisition of blood. The identification of novel natural anticoagulants and the understanding of their mechanism of acti ...

    Saliva of blood-feeding arthropods carries several antihemostatic compounds whose physiological role is to facilitate successful acquisition of blood. The identification of novel natural anticoagulants and the understanding of their mechanism of action may offer opportunities for designing new antithrombotics disrupting blood clotting. We report here an in-depth structural and functional analysis of the anophelin family member cE5, a salivary protein from the major African malaria vector Anopheles gambiae that specifically, tightly, and quickly binds and inhibits thrombin. Using calorimetry, functional assays, and complementary structural techniques, we show that the central region of the protein, encompassing amino acids Asp-31-Arg-62, is the region mainly responsible for α-thrombin binding and inhibition. As previously reported for the Anopheles albimanus orthologue anophelin, cE5 binds both thrombin exosite I with segment Glu-35-Asp-47 and the catalytic site with the region Pro-49-Arg-56, which includes the highly conserved DPGR tetrapeptide. Moreover, the N-terminal Ala-1-Ser-30 region of cE5 (which includes an RGD tripeptide) and the additional C-terminal serine-rich Asn-63-Glu-82 region (absent in orthologues from anophelines of the New World species A. albimanus and Anopheles darlingi) also played some functionally relevant role. Indeed, we observed decreased thrombin binding and inhibitory properties even when using the central cE5 fragment (Asp-31-Arg-62) alone. In summary, these results shed additional light on the mechanism of thrombin binding and inhibition by this family of salivary anticoagulants from anopheline mosquitoes.


    Organizational Affiliation

    From the Institute of Biostructures and Bioimaging, National Research Council, Via Mezzocannone 16, 80134 Naples, Italy.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Prothrombin
L, B, D
36Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: F2
EC: 3.4.21.5
Find proteins for P00734 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: F2
Go to UniProtKB:  P00734
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Prothrombin
H, A, C
259Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: F2
EC: 3.4.21.5
Find proteins for P00734 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: F2
Go to UniProtKB:  P00734
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
AGAP008004-PA
I, J, K
82Anopheles gambiaeMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: 1277947
Find proteins for Q7Q3R9 (Anopheles gambiae)
Go to UniProtKB:  Q7Q3R9
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
NA
Query on NA

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, C, H
SODIUM ION
Na
FKNQFGJONOIPTF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NAG
Query on NAG

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, C, H
N-ACETYL-D-GLUCOSAMINE
C8 H15 N O6
OVRNDRQMDRJTHS-FMDGEEDCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.45 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.203 
  • R-Value Work: 0.179 
  • Space Group: I 1 2 1
  • Diffraction Data DOI: 
    10.15785/SBGRID/430 SBGrid
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 110.710α = 90.00
b = 78.640β = 101.84
c = 136.109γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
XDSdata reduction
PHASERphasing
PHENIXrefinement
Aimlessdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2017-06-14
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2017-06-21
    Type: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2017-08-09
    Type: Database references