5GT0

Crystal structure of nucleosome complex with human testis-specific histone variants, Th2a


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.82 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.280 
  • R-Value Work: 0.210 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.0 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structural analyses of the nucleosome complexes with human testis-specific histone variants, hTh2a and hTh2b

Padavattan, S.Thiruselvam, V.Shinagawa, T.Hasegawa, K.Kumasaka, T.Ishii, S.Kumarevel, T.

(2017) Biophys. Chem. 221: 41-48

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.bpc.2016.11.013
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Th2a and Th2b are the testis-specific histone variants highly expressed during spermatogenesis. Approximately 4% of the genome is retained in nucleosomes in mature human sperm, which is enriched at loci of developmental importance. Our recent studies ...

    Th2a and Th2b are the testis-specific histone variants highly expressed during spermatogenesis. Approximately 4% of the genome is retained in nucleosomes in mature human sperm, which is enriched at loci of developmental importance. Our recent studies revealed that the mouse histone variant homologs TH2a and TH2b are involved in reprogramming. In the present work, we report three nucleosome structures (NCPs) with human testis-specific histone variants hTh2a and hTh2b, [hGcH (hTh2a-hTh2b-H3-H4), hGcHV1 (hTh2a-H2b-H3-H4) and hGcHV2 (H2a-hTh2b-H3-H4)] and a 146-base pair (bp) duplex DNA fragment at ~3.0Å resolutions. These crystal structures revealed two major changes within the nucleosomes, either with hTh2a, hTh2b or both variants, as compared to the canonical counterpart. First, the H-bonding interactions between the L1-L1' interfaces mediated by the hTh2a/hTh2a' L1-loops are lost. Second, the histone dimer-DNA contacts are considerably reduced, and these changes are localized around ±31 to 35-bp from the nucleosome entry/exit sites. Thus, the modified functional residues at the N- and C-terminal ends of histone variants are responsible for the observed structural changes and regulate the gene expression through specific structural alterations in the chromatin by modulating the chromatin-associated binding proteins.


    Organizational Affiliation

    RIKEN SPring-8 Center, Harima Institute, 1-1-1 Kouto, Sayo, Hyogo 679-5148, Japan.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure


Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Histone H3.1
A, E
135Homo sapiensGene Names: HIST1H3A, HIST1H3B, HIST1H3C, HIST1H3D, HIST1H3E, HIST1H3F, HIST1H3G, HIST1H3H, HIST1H3I, HIST1H3J (H3FA, H3FL, H3FC, H3FB, H3FD, H3FI, H3FH, H3FK, H3FF, H3FJ)
Find proteins for P68431 (Homo sapiens)
Go to UniProtKB:  P68431
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Histone H4
B, F
102Homo sapiensGene Names: HIST1H4A, HIST1H4B, HIST1H4C, HIST1H4D, HIST1H4E, HIST1H4F, HIST1H4H, HIST1H4I, HIST1H4J, HIST1H4K, HIST1H4L, HIST2H4A, HIST2H4B, HIST4H4 (H4/A, H4FA, H4/I, H4FI, H4/G, H4FG, H4/B, H4FB, H4/J, H4FJ, H4/C, H4FC, H4/H, H4FH, H4/M, H4FM, H4/E, H4FE, H4/D, H4FD, H4/K, H4FK, H4/N, H4F2, H4FN, HIST2H4, H4/O, H4FO)
Find proteins for P62805 (Homo sapiens)
Go to UniProtKB:  P62805
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Histone H2A type 1-A
C, G
130Homo sapiensGene Names: HIST1H2AA (H2AFR)
Find proteins for Q96QV6 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: HIST1H2AA
Go to UniProtKB:  Q96QV6
Entity ID: 4
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Histone H2B type 1-J
D, H
125Homo sapiensGene Names: HIST1H2BC, HIST1H2BE, HIST1H2BF, HIST1H2BG, HIST1H2BI (H2BFL, H2BFH, H2BFG, H2BFA, H2BFK)
Find proteins for P62807 (Homo sapiens)
Go to UniProtKB:  P62807
Entity ID: 5
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganism
DNA (146-MER)I,J146Homo sapiens
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
MN
Query on MN

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Download CCD File 
C, E, I, J
MANGANESE (II) ION
Mn
WAEMQWOKJMHJLA-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CL
Query on CL

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Download CCD File 
E, I, J
CHLORIDE ION
Cl
VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.82 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.280 
  • R-Value Work: 0.210 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 99.788α = 90.00
b = 108.966β = 90.00
c = 170.951γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-2000data collection
HKL-2000data scaling
PHENIXrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
CNXphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2017-02-15
    Type: Initial release