5DOU

Crystal Structure of Human Carbamoyl phosphate synthetase I (CPS1), ligand-bound form


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.60 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.229 
  • R-Value Work: 0.195 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.197 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report



Literature

Structure of human carbamoyl phosphate synthetase: deciphering the on/off switch of human ureagenesis.

de Cima, S.Polo, L.M.Diez-Fernandez, C.Martinez, A.I.Cervera, J.Fita, I.Rubio, V.

(2015) Sci Rep 5: 16950-16950

  • DOI: 10.1038/srep16950
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    5DOU, 5DOT

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Human carbamoyl phosphate synthetase (CPS1), a 1500-residue multidomain enzyme, catalyzes the first step of ammonia detoxification to urea requiring N-acetyl-L-glutamate (NAG) as essential activator to prevent ammonia/amino acids depletion. Here we p ...

    Human carbamoyl phosphate synthetase (CPS1), a 1500-residue multidomain enzyme, catalyzes the first step of ammonia detoxification to urea requiring N-acetyl-L-glutamate (NAG) as essential activator to prevent ammonia/amino acids depletion. Here we present the crystal structures of CPS1 in the absence and in the presence of NAG, clarifying the on/off-switching of the urea cycle by NAG. By binding at the C-terminal domain of CPS1, NAG triggers long-range conformational changes affecting the two distant phosphorylation domains. These changes, concerted with the binding of nucleotides, result in a dramatic remodeling that stabilizes the catalytically competent conformation and the building of the ~35 Å-long tunnel that allows migration of the carbamate intermediate from its site of formation to the second phosphorylation site, where carbamoyl phosphate is produced. These structures allow rationalizing the effects of mutations found in patients with CPS1 deficiency (presenting hyperammonemia, mental retardation and even death), as exemplified here for some mutations.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Group 739, Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red Sobre Enfermedades Raras del Instituto de Salud Carlos III (CIBERER-ISCIII), Jaime Roig 11, 46010 Valencia, Spain.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Carbamoyl-phosphate synthase [ammonia], mitochondrialA, B, C, D1489Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: CPS1
EC: 6.3.4.16
Find proteins for P31327 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P31327 
Go to UniProtKB:  P31327
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS  P31327
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 9 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ADP
Query on ADP

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A, B, C, D
ADENOSINE-5'-DIPHOSPHATE
C10 H15 N5 O10 P2
XTWYTFMLZFPYCI-KQYNXXCUSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NLG
Query on NLG

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A, B, C, D
N-ACETYL-L-GLUTAMATE
C7 H11 N O5
RFMMMVDNIPUKGG-YFKPBYRVSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
PO4
Query on PO4

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A, B, C, D
PHOSPHATE ION
O4 P
NBIIXXVUZAFLBC-UHFFFAOYSA-K
 Ligand Interaction
GOL
Query on GOL

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A, D
GLYCEROL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
EDO
Query on EDO

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A
1,2-ETHANEDIOL
C2 H6 O2
LYCAIKOWRPUZTN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NI
Query on NI

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A, B, C, D
NICKEL (II) ION
Ni
VEQPNABPJHWNSG-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
K
Query on K

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A, B, C, D
POTASSIUM ION
K
NPYPAHLBTDXSSS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CL
Query on CL

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A, B, D
CHLORIDE ION
Cl
VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
MG
Query on MG

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A, B, C, D
MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.60 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.229 
  • R-Value Work: 0.195 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.197 
  • Space Group: P 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 78.919α = 90.66
b = 98.558β = 98.65
c = 214.89γ = 90.08
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
SCALAdata scaling
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
XDSdata reduction
PHASERphasing
XSCALEdata reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
Fundacion Alicia KoplowitzSpainNo number
Valencian GovernmentSpainPrometeo 2009/051
Spanish GovernmentSpainBFU2011-30407

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2015-12-09
    Type: Initial release