5C0G

HLA-A02 carrying YLGGPDFPTI


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.37 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.188 
  • R-Value Work: 0.163 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.164 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Hotspot autoimmune T cell receptor binding underlies pathogen and insulin peptide cross-reactivity.

Cole, D.K.Bulek, A.M.Dolton, G.Schauenberg, A.J.Szomolay, B.Rittase, W.Trimby, A.Jothikumar, P.Fuller, A.Skowera, A.Rossjohn, J.Zhu, C.Miles, J.J.Peakman, M.Wooldridge, L.Rizkallah, P.J.Sewell, A.K.

(2016) J Clin Invest 126: 2191-2204

  • DOI: 10.1172/JCI85679
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    5C07, 5C08, 5C09, 5C0A, 5C0B, 5C0C, 5C0D, 5C0E, 5C0F, 5C0G, 5C0I, 5C0J, 5N1Y

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The cross-reactivity of T cells with pathogen- and self-derived peptides has been implicated as a pathway involved in the development of autoimmunity. However, the mechanisms that allow the clonal T cell antigen receptor (TCR) to functionally engage multiple peptide-major histocompatibility complexes (pMHC) are unclear ...

    The cross-reactivity of T cells with pathogen- and self-derived peptides has been implicated as a pathway involved in the development of autoimmunity. However, the mechanisms that allow the clonal T cell antigen receptor (TCR) to functionally engage multiple peptide-major histocompatibility complexes (pMHC) are unclear. Here, we studied multiligand discrimination by a human, preproinsulin reactive, MHC class-I-restricted CD8+ T cell clone (1E6) that can recognize over 1 million different peptides. We generated high-resolution structures of the 1E6 TCR bound to 7 altered peptide ligands, including a pathogen-derived peptide that was an order of magnitude more potent than the natural self-peptide. Evaluation of these structures demonstrated that binding was stabilized through a conserved lock-and-key-like minimal binding footprint that enables 1E6 TCR to tolerate vast numbers of substitutions outside of this so-called hotspot. Highly potent antigens of the 1E6 TCR engaged with a strong antipathogen-like binding affinity; this engagement was governed though an energetic switch from an enthalpically to entropically driven interaction compared with the natural autoimmune ligand. Together, these data highlight how T cell cross-reactivity with pathogen-derived antigens might break self-tolerance to induce autoimmune disease.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Bioscience and Biotechnology Kyushu University Graduate School Fukuoka Japan.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
HLA class I histocompatibility antigen, A-2 alpha chainA276Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: HLA-AHLAA
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P04439 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P04439 
Go to UniProtKB:  P04439
PHAROS:  P04439
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UniProt GroupP04439
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
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Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Beta-2-microglobulinB100Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: B2MCDABP0092HDCMA22P
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P61769 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P61769 
Go to UniProtKB:  P61769
PHAROS:  P61769
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UniProt GroupP61769
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  • Reference Sequence

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Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Marker peptideC10Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.37 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.188 
  • R-Value Work: 0.163 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.164 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 55.03α = 90
b = 79.17β = 115.54
c = 58.29γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
SCALAdata scaling
PHASERphasing
REFMACrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
XDSdata reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2016-05-04
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2016-05-25
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2016-06-08
    Changes: Database references