5C0E

HLA-A02 carrying YLGGPDFPTI


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.491 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.179 
  • R-Value Work: 0.156 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Hotspot autoimmune T cell receptor binding underlies pathogen and insulin peptide cross-reactivity.

Cole, D.K.Bulek, A.M.Dolton, G.Schauenberg, A.J.Szomolay, B.Rittase, W.Trimby, A.Jothikumar, P.Fuller, A.Skowera, A.Rossjohn, J.Zhu, C.Miles, J.J.Peakman, M.Wooldridge, L.Rizkallah, P.J.Sewell, A.K.

(2016) J.Clin.Invest. 126: 2191-2204

  • DOI: 10.1172/JCI85679
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The cross-reactivity of T cells with pathogen- and self-derived peptides has been implicated as a pathway involved in the development of autoimmunity. However, the mechanisms that allow the clonal T cell antigen receptor (TCR) to functionally engage ...

    The cross-reactivity of T cells with pathogen- and self-derived peptides has been implicated as a pathway involved in the development of autoimmunity. However, the mechanisms that allow the clonal T cell antigen receptor (TCR) to functionally engage multiple peptide-major histocompatibility complexes (pMHC) are unclear. Here, we studied multiligand discrimination by a human, preproinsulin reactive, MHC class-I-restricted CD8+ T cell clone (1E6) that can recognize over 1 million different peptides. We generated high-resolution structures of the 1E6 TCR bound to 7 altered peptide ligands, including a pathogen-derived peptide that was an order of magnitude more potent than the natural self-peptide. Evaluation of these structures demonstrated that binding was stabilized through a conserved lock-and-key-like minimal binding footprint that enables 1E6 TCR to tolerate vast numbers of substitutions outside of this so-called hotspot. Highly potent antigens of the 1E6 TCR engaged with a strong antipathogen-like binding affinity; this engagement was governed though an energetic switch from an enthalpically to entropically driven interaction compared with the natural autoimmune ligand. Together, these data highlight how T cell cross-reactivity with pathogen-derived antigens might break self-tolerance to induce autoimmune disease.



Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
HLA class I histocompatibility antigen, A-2 alpha chain
A
277Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: HLA-A (HLAA)
Find proteins for P04439 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: HLA-A
Go to UniProtKB:  P04439
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Beta-2-microglobulin
B
100Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: B2M
Find proteins for P61769 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: B2M
Go to UniProtKB:  P61769
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Marker peptide
C
10N/AMutation(s): 0 
Protein Feature View is not available: No corresponding UniProt sequence found.
Small Molecules
Ligands 4 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
GOL
Query on GOL

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Download CCD File 
A, B, C
GLYCEROL
GLYCERIN; PROPANE-1,2,3-TRIOL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
BR
Query on BR

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Download CCD File 
A
BROMIDE ION
Br
CPELXLSAUQHCOX-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
EDO
Query on EDO

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Download CCD File 
A, B
1,2-ETHANEDIOL
ETHYLENE GLYCOL
C2 H6 O2
LYCAIKOWRPUZTN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
PG4
Query on PG4

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Download CCD File 
A, B
TETRAETHYLENE GLYCOL
C8 H18 O5
UWHCKJMYHZGTIT-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.491 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.179 
  • R-Value Work: 0.156 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 56.070α = 90.00
b = 79.740β = 115.74
c = 57.000γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
PHASERphasing
SCALAdata scaling
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
XDSdata reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2016-05-04
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2016-05-25
    Type: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2016-06-08
    Type: Database references