5C0D

HLA-A02 carrying AQWGPDPAAA


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.68 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.214 
  • R-Value Work: 0.172 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Hotspot autoimmune T cell receptor binding underlies pathogen and insulin peptide cross-reactivity.

Cole, D.K.Bulek, A.M.Dolton, G.Schauenberg, A.J.Szomolay, B.Rittase, W.Trimby, A.Jothikumar, P.Fuller, A.Skowera, A.Rossjohn, J.Zhu, C.Miles, J.J.Peakman, M.Wooldridge, L.Rizkallah, P.J.Sewell, A.K.

(2016) J.Clin.Invest. 126: 2191-2204

  • DOI: 10.1172/JCI85679
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The cross-reactivity of T cells with pathogen- and self-derived peptides has been implicated as a pathway involved in the development of autoimmunity. However, the mechanisms that allow the clonal T cell antigen receptor (TCR) to functionally engage ...

    The cross-reactivity of T cells with pathogen- and self-derived peptides has been implicated as a pathway involved in the development of autoimmunity. However, the mechanisms that allow the clonal T cell antigen receptor (TCR) to functionally engage multiple peptide-major histocompatibility complexes (pMHC) are unclear. Here, we studied multiligand discrimination by a human, preproinsulin reactive, MHC class-I-restricted CD8+ T cell clone (1E6) that can recognize over 1 million different peptides. We generated high-resolution structures of the 1E6 TCR bound to 7 altered peptide ligands, including a pathogen-derived peptide that was an order of magnitude more potent than the natural self-peptide. Evaluation of these structures demonstrated that binding was stabilized through a conserved lock-and-key-like minimal binding footprint that enables 1E6 TCR to tolerate vast numbers of substitutions outside of this so-called hotspot. Highly potent antigens of the 1E6 TCR engaged with a strong antipathogen-like binding affinity; this engagement was governed though an energetic switch from an enthalpically to entropically driven interaction compared with the natural autoimmune ligand. Together, these data highlight how T cell cross-reactivity with pathogen-derived antigens might break self-tolerance to induce autoimmune disease.



Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
HLA class I histocompatibility antigen, A-2 alpha chain
A
276Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: HLA-A (HLAA)
Find proteins for P01892 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: HLA-A
Go to UniProtKB:  P01892
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Beta-2-microglobulin
B
100Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: B2M
Find proteins for P61769 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: B2M
Go to UniProtKB:  P61769
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Marker peptide
C
10Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: INS
Find proteins for P01308 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: INS
Go to UniProtKB:  P01308
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.68 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.214 
  • R-Value Work: 0.172 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 52.840α = 90.00
b = 81.150β = 112.32
c = 56.190γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
XDSdata reduction
SCALAdata scaling
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
REFMACrefinement
AMoREphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2016-05-04
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2016-05-25
    Type: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2016-06-08
    Type: Database references