4F35

Crystal Structure of a bacterial dicarboxylate/sodium symporter


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.20 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.291 
  • R-Value Work: 0.228 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.230 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structure and mechanism of a bacterial sodium-dependent dicarboxylate transporter.

Mancusso, R.Gregorio, G.G.Liu, Q.Wang, D.N.

(2012) Nature 491: 622-626

  • DOI: 10.1038/nature11542
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    4F35

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • In human cells, cytosolic citrate is a chief precursor for the synthesis of fatty acids, triacylglycerols, cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein. Cytosolic citrate further regulates the energy balance of the cell by activating the fatty-acid-synthesis pathway while downregulating both the glycolysis and fatty-acid β-oxidation pathways ...

    In human cells, cytosolic citrate is a chief precursor for the synthesis of fatty acids, triacylglycerols, cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein. Cytosolic citrate further regulates the energy balance of the cell by activating the fatty-acid-synthesis pathway while downregulating both the glycolysis and fatty-acid β-oxidation pathways. The rate of fatty-acid synthesis in liver and adipose cells, the two main tissue types for such synthesis, correlates directly with the concentration of citrate in the cytosol, with the cytosolic citrate concentration partially depending on direct import across the plasma membrane through the Na(+)-dependent citrate transporter (NaCT). Mutations of the homologous fly gene (Indy; I'm not dead yet) result in reduced fat storage through calorie restriction. More recently, Nact (also known as Slc13a5)-knockout mice have been found to have increased hepatic mitochondrial biogenesis, higher lipid oxidation and energy expenditure, and reduced lipogenesis, which taken together protect the mice from obesity and insulin resistance. To understand the transport mechanism of NaCT and INDY proteins, here we report the 3.2 Å crystal structure of a bacterial INDY homologue. One citrate molecule and one sodium ion are bound per protein, and their binding sites are defined by conserved amino acid motifs, forming the structural basis for understanding the specificity of the transporter. Comparison of the structures of the two symmetrical halves of the transporter suggests conformational changes that propel substrate translocation.


    Organizational Affiliation

    The Helen L. and Martin S. Kimmel Center for Biology and Medicine at the Skirball Institute of Biomolecular Medicine, New York University School of Medicine, 540 First Avenue, New York, New York 10016, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Transporter, NadC familyC [auth A], B, D [auth C], A [auth D]449Vibrio choleraeMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: VC_A0025
Membrane protein
Mpstruc
Group: 
TRANSMEMBRANE PROTEINS: ALPHA-HELICAL
Sub Group: 
Solute Carrier (SLC) Transporter Superfamily
Protein: 
Dicarboxylate/Sodium Symporter, inward facing state
Find proteins for Q9KNE0 (Vibrio cholerae serotype O1 (strain ATCC 39315 / El Tor Inaba N16961))
Explore Q9KNE0 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q9KNE0
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
MSE
Query on MSE
A [auth D], B, C [auth A], D [auth C]L-PEPTIDE LINKINGC5 H11 N O2 SeMET
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.20 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.291 
  • R-Value Work: 0.228 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.230 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 101.33α = 90
b = 100.87β = 101.74
c = 164.568γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
ADSCdata collection
SHELXSphasing
PHENIXrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2012-10-24
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2012-12-12
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2020-07-29
    Type: Remediation
    Reason: Carbohydrate remediation
    Changes: Advisory, Data collection, Derived calculations, Structure summary