4S2Y

Structure of E. coli RppH bound to RNA and three magnesium ions


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.6 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.199 
  • R-Value Work: 0.172 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structures of RNA Complexes with the Escherichia coli RNA Pyrophosphohydrolase RppH Unveil the Basis for Specific 5'-End-dependent mRNA Decay.

Vasilyev, N.Serganov, A.

(2015) J.Biol.Chem. 290: 9487-9499

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M114.634824
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  4S2V, 4S2W, 4S2X

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • 5'-End-dependent RNA degradation impacts virulence, stress responses, and DNA repair in bacteria by controlling the decay of hundreds of mRNAs. The RNA pyrophosphohydrolase RppH, a member of the Nudix hydrolase superfamily, triggers this degradation ...

    5'-End-dependent RNA degradation impacts virulence, stress responses, and DNA repair in bacteria by controlling the decay of hundreds of mRNAs. The RNA pyrophosphohydrolase RppH, a member of the Nudix hydrolase superfamily, triggers this degradation pathway by removing pyrophosphate from the triphosphorylated RNA 5' terminus. Here, we report the x-ray structures of Escherichia coli RppH (EcRppH) in apo- and RNA-bound forms. These structures show distinct conformations of EcRppH·RNA complexes on the catalytic pathway and suggest a common catalytic mechanism for Nudix hydrolases. EcRppH interacts with RNA by a bipartite mechanism involving specific recognition of the 5'-terminal triphosphate and the second nucleotide, thus enabling discrimination against mononucleotides as substrates. The structures also reveal the molecular basis for the preference of the enzyme for RNA substrates bearing guanine in the second position by identifying a protein cleft in which guanine interacts with EcRppH side chains via cation-π contacts and hydrogen bonds. These interactions explain the modest specificity of EcRppH at the 5' terminus and distinguish the enzyme from the highly selective RppH present in Bacillus subtilis. The divergent means by which RNA is recognized by these two functionally and structurally analogous enzymes have important implications for mRNA decay and the regulation of protein biosynthesis in bacteria.


    Organizational Affiliation

    From the Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York 10016.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure


Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
RNA pyrophosphohydrolase
A
161Escherichia coli (strain K12)Gene Names: rppH (nudH, ygdP)
EC: 3.6.1.-
Find proteins for P0A776 (Escherichia coli (strain K12))
Go to UniProtKB:  P0A776
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganism
RNA (5'-R(*(APC)*GP*U)-3')B3N/A
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SO4
Query on SO4

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Download CCD File 
A
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
CL
Query on CL

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Download CCD File 
A
CHLORIDE ION
Cl
VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
MG
Query on MG

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Download CCD File 
A, B
MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
APC
Query on APC
B
NON-POLYMERC11 H18 N5 O12 P3

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Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.6 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.199 
  • R-Value Work: 0.172 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 79.631α = 90.00
b = 36.484β = 102.30
c = 58.073γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CrystalCleardata collection
XDSdata reduction
PHENIXmodel building
PHENIXrefinement
XDSdata scaling
PHENIXphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2015-02-11
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2015-02-25
    Type: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2015-05-06
    Type: Database references