4R2P

Wilms Tumor Protein (WT1) zinc fingers in complex with hydroxymethylated DNA


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.79 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.210 
  • R-Value Work: 0.179 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.180 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Wilms tumor protein recognizes 5-carboxylcytosine within a specific DNA sequence.

Hashimoto, H.Olanrewaju, Y.O.Zheng, Y.Wilson, G.G.Zhang, X.Cheng, X.

(2014) Genes Dev 28: 2304-2313

  • DOI: 10.1101/gad.250746.114
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    4R2A, 4R2C, 4R2D, 4R2E, 4R2P, 4R2Q, 4R2R, 4R2S

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • In mammalian DNA, cytosine occurs in several chemical forms, including unmodified cytosine (C), 5-methylcytosine (5 mC), 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5 hmC), 5-formylcytosine (5 fC), and 5-carboxylcytosine (5 caC). 5 mC is a major epigenetic signal that acts to regulate gene expression ...

    In mammalian DNA, cytosine occurs in several chemical forms, including unmodified cytosine (C), 5-methylcytosine (5 mC), 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5 hmC), 5-formylcytosine (5 fC), and 5-carboxylcytosine (5 caC). 5 mC is a major epigenetic signal that acts to regulate gene expression. 5 hmC, 5 fC, and 5 caC are oxidized derivatives that might also act as distinct epigenetic signals. We investigated the response of the zinc finger DNA-binding domains of transcription factors early growth response protein 1 (Egr1) and Wilms tumor protein 1 (WT1) to different forms of modified cytosine within their recognition sequence, 5'-GCG(T/G)GGGCG-3'. Both displayed high affinity for the sequence when C or 5 mC was present and much reduced affinity when 5 hmC or 5 fC was present, indicating that they differentiate primarily oxidized C from unoxidized C, rather than methylated C from unmethylated C. 5 caC affected the two proteins differently, abolishing binding by Egr1 but not by WT1. We ascribe this difference to electrostatic interactions in the binding sites. In Egr1, a negatively charged glutamate conflicts with the negatively charged carboxylate of 5 caC, whereas the corresponding glutamine of WT1 interacts with this group favorably. Our analyses shows that zinc finger proteins (and their splice variants) can respond in modulated ways to alternative modifications within their binding sequence.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA; xcheng@emory.edu.



Macromolecules

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Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Wilms tumor protein, isoform 4/CRA_aA93Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: WT1
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P19544 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P19544 
Go to UniProtKB:  P19544
PHAROS:  P19544
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupP19544
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence

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Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganismImage
DNA (5'-D(*AP*GP*CP*GP*TP*GP*GP*GP*(5HC)P*GP*T)-3')B11synthetic construct
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence

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Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganismImage
DNA (5'-D(*TP*AP*(5HC)P*GP*CP*CP*CP*AP*CP*GP*C)-3')C11synthetic construct
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.79 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.210 
  • R-Value Work: 0.179 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.180 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 66.852α = 90
b = 78.591β = 90
c = 35.718γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-2000data collection
PHENIXmodel building
PHENIXrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling
PHENIXphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2014-10-08
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2014-11-19
    Changes: Database references