4Q5S

Thermus thermophilus RNA polymerase initially transcribing complex containing 6-mer RNA


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.294 
  • R-Value Work: 0.269 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structural basis of transcription initiation by bacterial RNA polymerase holoenzyme.

Basu, R.S.Warner, B.A.Molodtsov, V.Pupov, D.Esyunina, D.Fernandez-Tornero, C.Kulbachinskiy, A.Murakami, K.S.

(2014) J.Biol.Chem. 289: 24549-24559

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M114.584037
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The bacterial RNA polymerase (RNAP) holoenzyme containing σ factor initiates transcription at specific promoter sites by de novo RNA priming, the first step of RNA synthesis where RNAP accepts two initiating ribonucleoside triphosphates (iNTPs) and p ...

    The bacterial RNA polymerase (RNAP) holoenzyme containing σ factor initiates transcription at specific promoter sites by de novo RNA priming, the first step of RNA synthesis where RNAP accepts two initiating ribonucleoside triphosphates (iNTPs) and performs the first phosphodiester bond formation. We present the structure of de novo transcription initiation complex that reveals unique contacts of the iNTPs bound at the transcription start site with the template DNA and also with RNAP and demonstrate the importance of these contacts for transcription initiation. To get further insight into the mechanism of RNA priming, we determined the structure of initially transcribing complex of RNAP holoenzyme with 6-mer RNA, obtained by in crystallo transcription approach. The structure highlights RNAP-RNA contacts that stabilize the short RNA transcript in the active site and demonstrates that the RNA 5'-end displaces σ region 3.2 from its position near the active site, which likely plays a key role in σ ejection during the initiation-to-elongation transition. Given the structural conservation of the RNAP active site, the mechanism of de novo RNA priming appears to be conserved in all cellular RNAPs.


    Organizational Affiliation

    From the Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, The Center for RNA Molecular Biology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure


Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DNA-directed RNA polymerase subunit alpha
A, B
315Thermus thermophilusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rpoA
EC: 2.7.7.6
Find proteins for Q9Z9H6 (Thermus thermophilus)
Go to UniProtKB:  Q9Z9H6
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DNA-directed RNA polymerase subunit beta
C
1119Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rpoB
EC: 2.7.7.6
Find proteins for Q8RQE9 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q8RQE9
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DNA-directed RNA polymerase subunit beta'
D
1524Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rpoC
EC: 2.7.7.6
Find proteins for Q8RQE8 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q8RQE8
Entity ID: 4
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DNA-directed RNA polymerase subunit omega
E
99Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rpoZ
EC: 2.7.7.6
Find proteins for Q8RQE7 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q8RQE7
Entity ID: 5
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
RNA polymerase sigma factor SigA
F
423Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: sigA
Find proteins for Q5SKW1 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q5SKW1
Entity ID: 6
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganism
DNA (5'-D(*CP*CP*TP*GP*CP*AP*TP*CP*CP*GP*TP*GP*AP*GP*TP*GP*CP*AP*GP*CP*CP*A)-3')G22N/A
Entity ID: 7
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganism
DNA (5'-D(*TP*AP*TP*AP*AP*TP*GP*GP*GP*AP*GP*CP*TP*GP*TP*CP*AP*CP*GP*GP*AP*TP*GP*CP*AP*GP*G)-3')H27N/A
Entity ID: 8
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganism
RNA (5'-R(P*CP*UP*CP*AP*C)-3')I5N/A
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ATP
Query on ATP

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
I
ADENOSINE-5'-TRIPHOSPHATE
C10 H16 N5 O13 P3
ZKHQWZAMYRWXGA-KQYNXXCUSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
ZN
Query on ZN

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
D
ZINC ION
Zn
PTFCDOFLOPIGGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MG
Query on MG

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
D
MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.294 
  • R-Value Work: 0.269 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 187.089α = 90.00
b = 102.075β = 98.14
c = 297.263γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXmodel building
CBASSdata collection
HKL-2000data reduction
PHENIXphasing
HKL-2000data scaling
PHENIXrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

  • Deposited Date: 2014-04-17 
  • Released Date: 2014-07-09 
  • Deposition Author(s): Murakami, K.S.

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2014-07-09
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2014-09-24
    Type: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2014-10-08
    Type: Structure summary