4PGZ

Structural basis of KIT activation by oncogenic mutations in the extracellular region reveals a zipper-like mechanism for ligand-dependent or oncogenic receptor tyrosine kinase activation


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.4 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.262 
  • R-Value Work: 0.232 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.0 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

The strength and cooperativity of KIT ectodomain contacts determine normal ligand-dependent stimulation or oncogenic activation in cancer.

Reshetnyak, A.V.Opatowsky, Y.Boggon, T.J.Folta-Stogniew, E.Tome, F.Lax, I.Schlessinger, J.

(2015) Mol.Cell 57: 191-201

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.molcel.2014.11.021

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The receptor tyrosine kinase KIT plays an important role in development of germ cells, hematopoietic cells, and interstitial pacemaker cells. Oncogenic KIT mutations play an important "driver" role in gastrointestinal stromal tumors, acute myeloid le ...

    The receptor tyrosine kinase KIT plays an important role in development of germ cells, hematopoietic cells, and interstitial pacemaker cells. Oncogenic KIT mutations play an important "driver" role in gastrointestinal stromal tumors, acute myeloid leukemias, and melanoma, among other cancers. Here we describe the crystal structure of a recurring somatic oncogenic mutation located in the C-terminal Ig-like domain (D5) of the ectodomain, rendering KIT tyrosine kinase activity constitutively activated. The structural analysis, together with biochemical and biophysical experiments and detailed analyses of the activities of a variety of oncogenic KIT mutations, reveals that the strength of homotypic contacts and the cooperativity in the action of D4D5 regions determines whether KIT is normally regulated or constitutively activated in cancers. We propose that cooperative interactions mediated by multiple weak homotypic contacts between receptor molecules are responsible for regulating normal ligand-dependent or oncogenic RTK activation via a "zipper-like" mechanism for receptor activation.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Pharmacology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Mast/stem cell growth factor receptor Kit
C, A, B
208Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: KIT (SCFR)
EC: 2.7.10.1
Find proteins for P10721 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: KIT
Go to UniProtKB:  P10721
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
NAG
Query on NAG

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, C
N-ACETYL-D-GLUCOSAMINE
C8 H15 N O6
OVRNDRQMDRJTHS-FMDGEEDCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CO
Query on CO

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, C
COBALT (II) ION
Co
XLJKHNWPARRRJB-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.4 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.262 
  • R-Value Work: 0.232 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
  • Diffraction Data DOI: 
    10.15785/SBGRID/165 SBGrid
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 163.592α = 90.00
b = 63.548β = 117.46
c = 81.547γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History & Funding Information

Deposition Data


Funding OrganizationLocationGrant Number
KolltanUnited States--

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2015-03-18
    Type: Initial release