4N5V

Alternative substrates of Mycobacterium tuberculosis anthranilate phosphoribosyl transferase


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.9 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.218 
  • R-Value Work: 0.182 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Alternative substrates reveal catalytic cycle and key binding events in the reaction catalysed by anthranilate phosphoribosyltransferase from Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

Cookson, T.V.Castell, A.Bulloch, E.M.Evans, G.L.Short, F.L.Baker, E.N.Lott, J.S.Parker, E.J.

(2014) Biochem.J. 461: 87-98

  • DOI: 10.1042/BJ20140209
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • AnPRT (anthranilate phosphoribosyltransferase), required for the biosynthesis of tryptophan, is essential for the virulence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb). AnPRT catalyses the Mg2+-dependent transfer of a phosphoribosyl group from PRPP (5'-phosp ...

    AnPRT (anthranilate phosphoribosyltransferase), required for the biosynthesis of tryptophan, is essential for the virulence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb). AnPRT catalyses the Mg2+-dependent transfer of a phosphoribosyl group from PRPP (5'-phosphoribosyl-1'-pyrophosphate) to anthranilate to form PRA (5'-phosphoribosyl anthranilate). Mtb-AnPRT was shown to catalyse a sequential reaction and significant substrate inhibition by anthranilate was observed. Antimycobacterial fluoroanthranilates and methyl-substituted analogues were shown to act as alternative substrates for Mtb-AnPRT, producing the corresponding substituted PRA products. Structures of the enzyme complexed with anthranilate analogues reveal two distinct binding sites for anthranilate. One site is located over 8 Å (1 Å=0.1 nm) from PRPP at the entrance to a tunnel leading to the active site, whereas in the second, inner, site anthranilate is adjacent to PRPP, in a catalytically relevant position. Soaking the analogues for variable periods of time provides evidence for anthranilate located at transient positions during transfer from the outer site to the inner catalytic site. PRPP and Mg2+ binding have been shown to be associated with the rearrangement of two flexible loops, which is required to complete the inner anthranilate-binding site. It is proposed that anthranilate first binds to the outer site, providing an unusual mechanism for substrate capture and efficient transfer to the catalytic site following the binding of PRPP.


    Organizational Affiliation

    *Maurice Wilkins Centre for Molecular Biodiscovery, Biomolecular Interaction Centre and Department of Chemistry, University of Canterbury, 20 Kirkwood Avenue, Christchurch 8140, New Zealand.,†Maurice Wilkins Centre for Molecular Biodiscovery and School of Biological Sciences, University of Auckland, 3 Symonds Street, Auckland 1142, New Zealand.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Anthranilate phosphoribosyltransferase
A, B
378Mycobacterium tuberculosis (strain ATCC 25618 / H37Rv)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: trpD
EC: 2.4.2.18
Find proteins for P9WFX5 (Mycobacterium tuberculosis (strain ATCC 25618 / H37Rv))
Go to UniProtKB:  P9WFX5
Small Molecules
Ligands 4 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
GOL
Query on GOL

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
GLYCEROL
GLYCERIN; PROPANE-1,2,3-TRIOL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
PRP
Query on PRP

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Download CCD File 
A, B
ALPHA-PHOSPHORIBOSYLPYROPHOSPHORIC ACID
C5 H13 O14 P3
PQGCEDQWHSBAJP-TXICZTDVSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MG
Query on MG

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Download CCD File 
A, B
MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
FA0
Query on FA0

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Download CCD File 
A, B
2-amino-4-fluorobenzoic acid
C7 H6 F N O2
LGPVTNAJFDUWLF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.9 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.218 
  • R-Value Work: 0.182 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 79.595α = 90.00
b = 92.542β = 90.00
c = 121.063γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PROCESSdata reduction
REFMACrefinement
SCALAdata scaling
MOLREPphasing
DNAdata collection

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2014-04-23
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2014-05-21
    Type: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2014-07-02
    Type: Database references
  • Version 1.3: 2014-12-17
    Type: Structure summary