3R3G

Structure of human thrombin with residues 145-150 of murine thrombin.


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.75 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.222 
  • R-Value Work: 0.184 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Rigidification of the autolysis loop enhances Na(+) binding to thrombin.

Pozzi, N.Chen, R.Chen, Z.Bah, A.Di Cera, E.

(2011) Biophys.Chem. 159: 6-13

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.bpc.2011.04.003

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Binding of Na(+) to thrombin ensures high activity toward physiological substrates and optimizes the procoagulant and prothrombotic roles of the enzyme in vivo. Under physiological conditions of pH and temperature, the binding affinity of Na(+) is we ...

    Binding of Na(+) to thrombin ensures high activity toward physiological substrates and optimizes the procoagulant and prothrombotic roles of the enzyme in vivo. Under physiological conditions of pH and temperature, the binding affinity of Na(+) is weak due to large heat capacity and enthalpy changes associated with binding, and the K(d)=80 mM ensures only 64% saturation of the site at the concentration of Na(+) in the blood (140 mM). Residues controlling Na(+) binding and activation have been identified. Yet, attempts to improve the interaction of Na(+) with thrombin and possibly increase catalytic activity under physiological conditions have so far been unsuccessful. Here we report how replacement of the flexible autolysis loop of human thrombin with the homologous rigid domain of the murine enzyme results in a drastic (up to 10-fold) increase in Na(+) affinity and a significant improvement in the catalytic activity of the enzyme. Rigidification of the autolysis loop abolishes the heat capacity change associated with Na(+) binding observed in the wild-type and also increases the stability of thrombin. These findings have general relevance to protein engineering studies of clotting proteases and trypsin-like enzymes.


    Related Citations: 
    • Molecular dissection of Na+ binding to thrombin.
      Pineda, A.O.,Carrell, C.J.,Bush, L.A.,Prasad, S.,Caccia, S.,Chen, Z.W.,Mathews, F.S.,Di Cera, E.
      (2004) J.Biol.Chem. 279: 31842


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO 63104, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Thrombin Light Chain
A
31Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: F2
EC: 3.4.21.5
Find proteins for P00734 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: F2
Go to UniProtKB:  P00734
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Thrombin Heavy Chain
B
259Homo sapiensMutation(s): 6 
Gene Names: F2
EC: 3.4.21.5
Find proteins for P00734 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: F2
Go to UniProtKB:  P00734
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
NA
Query on NA

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
B
SODIUM ION
Na
FKNQFGJONOIPTF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NAG
Query on NAG

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
B
N-ACETYL-D-GLUCOSAMINE
C8 H15 N O6
OVRNDRQMDRJTHS-FMDGEEDCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.75 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.222 
  • R-Value Work: 0.184 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 116.072α = 90.00
b = 48.058β = 92.08
c = 53.722γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
ADSCdata collection
HKL-2000data scaling
REFMACrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
MOLREPphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2011-05-11
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-09-21
    Type: Database references