3KQW

Crystal Structure of hPNMT in Complex AdoHcy and 5-Chlorobenzimidazole


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.49 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.262 
  • R-Value Work: 0.194 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.197 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Fragment-based screening by X-ray crystallography, MS and isothermal titration calorimetry to identify PNMT (phenylethanolamine N-methyltransferase) inhibitors.

Drinkwater, N.Vu, H.Lovell, K.M.Criscione, K.R.Collins, B.M.Prisinzano, T.E.Poulsen, S.A.McLeish, M.J.Grunewald, G.L.Martin, J.L.

(2010) Biochem J 431: 51-61

  • DOI: 10.1042/BJ20100651
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3KPU, 3KPV, 3KPW, 3KPJ, 3KQQ, 3KR2, 3KQS, 3KQT, 3KQV, 3KQW

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • CNS (central nervous system) adrenaline (epinephrine) is implicated in a wide range of physiological and pathological conditions. PNMT (phenylethanolamine N-methyltransferase) catalyses the final step in the biosynthesis of adrenaline, the conversion of ...

    CNS (central nervous system) adrenaline (epinephrine) is implicated in a wide range of physiological and pathological conditions. PNMT (phenylethanolamine N-methyltransferase) catalyses the final step in the biosynthesis of adrenaline, the conversion of noradrenaline (norepinephrine) to adrenaline by methylation. To help elucidate the role of CNS adrenaline, and to develop potential drug leads, potent, selective and CNS-active inhibitors are required. The fragment screening approach has advantages over other lead discovery methods including high hit rates, more efficient hits and the ability to sample chemical diversity more easily. In the present study we applied fragment-based screening approaches to the enzyme PNMT. We used crystallography as the primary screen and identified 12 hits from a small commercial library of 384 drug-like fragments. The hits include nine chemicals with two fused rings and three single-ring chemical systems. Eight of the hits come from three chemical classes: benzimidazoles (a known class of PNMT inhibitor), purines and quinolines. Nine of the hits have measurable binding affinities (~5-700 μM) as determined by isothermal titration calorimetry and all nine have ligand efficiencies of 0.39 kcal/mol per heavy atom or better (1 kcal≈4.184 kJ). We synthesized five elaborated benzimidazole compounds and characterized their binding to PNMT, showing for the first time how this class of inhibitors interact with the noradrenaline-binding site. Finally, we performed a pilot study with PNMT for fragment-based screening by MS showing that this approach could be used as a fast and efficient first-pass screening method prior to characterization of binding mode and affinity of hits.


    Organizational Affiliation

    University of Queensland, Institute for Molecular Bioscience, Division of Chemistry and Structural Biology, Brisbane, Queensland 4072, Australia.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Phenylethanolamine N-methyltransferase AB289Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: PNMTPENT
EC: 2.1.1.28
Find proteins for P11086 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P11086 
Go to UniProtKB:  P11086
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS:  P11086
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SAH
Query on SAH

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
A, B
S-ADENOSYL-L-HOMOCYSTEINE
C14 H20 N6 O5 S
ZJUKTBDSGOFHSH-WFMPWKQPSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
ES9
Query on ES9

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
A, B
5-chloro-1H-benzimidazole
C7 H5 Cl N2
NKLOLMQJDLMZRE-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
External Ligand Annotations 
IDBinding Affinity (Sequence Identity %)
SAHKi:  62300   nM  BindingDB
ES9Kd :  97000   nM  PDBBind
SAHKi:  29000   nM  BindingDB
ES9Kd:  97000   nM  Binding MOAD
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.49 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.262 
  • R-Value Work: 0.194 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.197 
  • Space Group: P 43 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 94.405α = 90
b = 94.405β = 90
c = 189.535γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
PHENIXrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
HKL-2000data reduction
MIFitphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2010-09-29
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2017-11-01
    Changes: Refinement description