3J6F

Minimized average structure of GDP-bound dynamic microtubules


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: ELECTRON MICROSCOPY
  • Resolution: 4.9 Å
  • Aggregation State: FILAMENT 
  • Reconstruction Method: SINGLE PARTICLE 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

High-Resolution Microtubule Structures Reveal the Structural Transitions in alpha beta-Tubulin upon GTP Hydrolysis.

Alushin, G.M.Lander, G.C.Kellogg, E.H.Zhang, R.Baker, D.Nogales, E.

(2014) Cell 157: 1117-1129

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.cell.2014.03.053
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Dynamic instability, the stochastic switching between growth and shrinkage, is essential for microtubule function. This behavior is driven by GTP hydrolysis in the microtubule lattice and is inhibited by anticancer agents like Taxol. We provide insig ...

    Dynamic instability, the stochastic switching between growth and shrinkage, is essential for microtubule function. This behavior is driven by GTP hydrolysis in the microtubule lattice and is inhibited by anticancer agents like Taxol. We provide insight into the mechanism of dynamic instability, based on high-resolution cryo-EM structures (4.7-5.6 Å) of dynamic microtubules and microtubules stabilized by GMPCPP or Taxol. We infer that hydrolysis leads to a compaction around the E-site nucleotide at longitudinal interfaces, as well as movement of the α-tubulin intermediate domain and H7 helix. Displacement of the C-terminal helices in both α- and β-tubulin subunits suggests an effect on interactions with binding partners that contact this region. Taxol inhibits most of these conformational changes, allosterically inducing a GMPCPP-like state. Lateral interactions are similar in all conditions we examined, suggesting that microtubule lattice stability is primarily modulated at longitudinal interfaces.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Biophysics Graduate Program, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Tubulin alpha-1A chain
A, C, E, G, I, K, M, O, Q
439Sus scrofaMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: TUBA1A
Find proteins for P02550 (Sus scrofa)
Go to Gene View: TUBA1A
Go to UniProtKB:  P02550
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Tubulin beta chain
B, D, F, H, J, L, N, P, R
427Sus scrofaMutation(s): 0 
Find proteins for P02554 (Sus scrofa)
Go to UniProtKB:  P02554
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
GDP
Query on GDP

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
B, D, F, H, J, L, N, P, R
GUANOSINE-5'-DIPHOSPHATE
C10 H15 N5 O11 P2
QGWNDRXFNXRZMB-UUOKFMHZSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
GTP
Query on GTP

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, C, E, G, I, K, M, O, Q
GUANOSINE-5'-TRIPHOSPHATE
C10 H16 N5 O14 P3
XKMLYUALXHKNFT-UUOKFMHZSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MG
Query on MG

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, C, E, G, I, K, M, O, Q
MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: ELECTRON MICROSCOPY
  • Resolution: 4.9 Å
  • Aggregation State: FILAMENT 
  • Reconstruction Method: SINGLE PARTICLE 

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2014-06-04
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2018-07-18
    Type: Author supporting evidence, Data collection