3EO9

Crystal structure the Fab fragment of Efalizumab


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.8 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.217 
  • R-Value Work: 0.189 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Efalizumab binding to the LFA-1 alphaL I domain blocks ICAM-1 binding via steric hindrance.

Li, S.Wang, H.Peng, B.Zhang, M.Zhang, D.Hou, S.Guo, Y.Ding, J.

(2009) Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.USA 106: 4349-4354

  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0810844106
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Lymphocyte function-associated antigen 1 (LFA-1) plays important roles in immune cell adhesion, trafficking, and activation and is a therapeutic target for the treatment of multiple autoimmune diseases. Efalizumab is one of the most efficacious antib ...

    Lymphocyte function-associated antigen 1 (LFA-1) plays important roles in immune cell adhesion, trafficking, and activation and is a therapeutic target for the treatment of multiple autoimmune diseases. Efalizumab is one of the most efficacious antibody drugs for treating psoriasis, a very common skin disease, through inhibition of the binding of LFA-1 to the ligand intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1). We report here the crystal structures of the Efalizumab Fab alone and in complex with the LFA-1 alpha(L) I domain, which reveal the molecular mechanism of inhibition of LFA-1 by Efalizumab. The Fab binds with an epitope on the inserted (I) domain that is distinct from the ligand-binding site. Efalizumab binding blocks the binding of LFA-1 to ICAM-1 via steric hindrance between its light chain and ICAM-1 domain 2 and thus inhibits the activities of LFA-1. These results have important implications for the development of improved antibodies and new therapeutic strategies for the treatment of autoimmune diseases.


    Organizational Affiliation

    State Key Laboratory of Molecular Biology and Research Center for Structural Biology, Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 320 Yue-Yang Road, Shanghai 200031, China.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Efalizumab Fab fragment, light chain
L
214N/A
Protein Feature View is not available: No corresponding UniProt sequence found.
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Efalizumab Fab fragment, heavy chain
H
219N/A
Protein Feature View is not available: No corresponding UniProt sequence found.
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.8 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.217 
  • R-Value Work: 0.189 
  • Space Group: P 31 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 87.198α = 90.00
b = 87.198β = 90.00
c = 117.223γ = 120.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CNSphasing
REFMACrefinement
CrystalCleardata collection
CNSrefinement
CrystalCleardata scaling
CrystalCleardata reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

  • Deposited Date: 2008-09-26 
  • Released Date: 2009-04-14 
  • Deposition Author(s): Li, S., Ding, J.

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2009-04-14
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance