3BM4

Crystal Structure of Human ADP-ribose Pyrophosphatase NUDT5 In complex with magnesium and AMPcpr


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.233 
  • R-Value Work: 0.198 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Molecular Mechanism of ADP-Ribose Hydrolysis By Human NUDT5 From Structural and Kinetic Studies

Zha, M.Guo, Q.Zhang, Y.Yu, B.Ou, Y.Zhong, C.Ding, J.

(2008) J.Mol.Biol. 379: 568-578

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jmb.2008.04.006

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Human NUDT5 (hNUDT5) is an ADP-ribose (ADPR) pyrophosphatase (ADPRase) that plays important roles in controlling the intracellular levels of ADPR and preventing non-enzymatic ADP-ribosylation of proteins by hydrolyzing ADPR to AMP and ribose 5'-phosp ...

    Human NUDT5 (hNUDT5) is an ADP-ribose (ADPR) pyrophosphatase (ADPRase) that plays important roles in controlling the intracellular levels of ADPR and preventing non-enzymatic ADP-ribosylation of proteins by hydrolyzing ADPR to AMP and ribose 5'-phosphate. We report the crystal structure of hNUDT5 in complex with a non-hydrolyzable ADPR analogue, alpha,beta-methyleneadenosine diphosphoribose, and three Mg(2+) ions representing the transition state of the enzyme during catalysis. Analysis of this structure and comparison with previously reported hNUDT5 structures identify key residues involved in substrate binding and catalysis. In the transition-state structure, three metal ions are bound at the active site and are coordinated by surrounding residues and water molecules. A conserved water molecule is at an ideal position for nucleophilic attack on the alpha-phosphate of ADPR. The side chain of Glu166 on loop L9 changes its conformation to interact with the conserved water molecule compared with that in the substrate-bound structure and appears to function as a catalytic base. Mutagenesis and kinetic studies show that Trp28 and Trp46 are important for the substrate binding; Arg51 is involved in both the substrate binding and the catalysis; and Glu112 and Glu116 of the Nudix motif, Glu166 on loop L9, and Arg111 are critical for the catalysis. The structural and biochemical data together reveal the molecular basis of the catalytic mechanism of ADPR hydrolysis by hNUDT5. Specifically, Glu166 functions as a catalytic base to deprotonate a conserved water molecule that acts as a nucleophile to attack the alpha-phosphate of ADPR, and three Mg(2+) ions are involved in the activation of the nucleophile and the binding of the substrate. Structural comparison of different ADPRases also suggests that most dimeric ADPRases may share a similar catalytic mechanism of ADPR hydrolysis.


    Organizational Affiliation

    State Key Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 320 Yue-Yang Road, Shanghai 200031, China.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
ADP-sugar pyrophosphatase
A, B
210Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: NUDT5 (NUDIX5)
EC: 3.6.1.13
Find proteins for Q9UKK9 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: NUDT5
Go to UniProtKB:  Q9UKK9
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
MG
Query on MG

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
ADV
Query on ADV

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
B
ALPHA-BETA METHYLENE ADP-RIBOSE
AMPCPR; {[5-(6-AMINO-PURIN-9-YL)-3,4-DIHYDROXY-TETRAHYDRO-FURAN-2-YLMETHOXY]-HYDROXY-PHOSPHORYLMETHYL}-PHOSPHONIC ACID MONO-(3,4,5-TRIHYDROXY-TETRAHYDRO-FURAN-2-YLMETHYL) ESTER
C16 H25 N5 O13 P2
ZPZRETFSCSWNDT-DBXCYWGHSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.233 
  • R-Value Work: 0.198 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 113.394α = 90.00
b = 41.168β = 121.74
c = 99.648γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CNSrefinement
ADSCdata collection
DENZOdata reduction
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling
CNSphasing
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
SCALEPACKdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2008-05-20
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2017-10-25
    Type: Refinement description