Active-site architecture of benzoxazinone-glucoside beta-D-glucosidases in TriticeaeSue, M., Nakamura, C., Miyamoto, T., Yajima, S.
(2011) Plant Sci. 180: 268-275
- PubMed: 21421370
- DOI: 10.1016/j.plantsci.2010.09.001
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
The β-D-glucosidases from wheat (Triticum aestivum) and rye (Secale cereale) hydrolyze benzoxazinone-glucose conjugates. Although wheat and rye glucosidases have high sequence identity, they have different substrate preferences; the wheat enzyme favo ...
The β-D-glucosidases from wheat (Triticum aestivum) and rye (Secale cereale) hydrolyze benzoxazinone-glucose conjugates. Although wheat and rye glucosidases have high sequence identity, they have different substrate preferences; the wheat enzyme favors DIMBOA-Glc (2-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl-4-hydroxy-7-methoxy-1,4-benzoxazin-3-one) over DIBOA-Glc (7-demethoxy-DIMBOA-Glc), whereas the rye enzyme preference is the opposite. To investigate the mechanism of substrate binding, we analyzed crystal structures of an inactive mutant of the wheat glucosidase complexed with the natural substrate DIMBOA-Glc, wheat and rye glucosidases complexed with an aglycone DIMBOA, and wheat and rye glucosidases complexed with an inhibitor 2-fluoro-2-deoxy-β-D-glucose. The binding position of substrate in the active site was determined but interaction between the substrate and Ser-464 or Leu-465 was not observed, although amino acid residues at these two positions are the only structural distinctions between wheat and rye glucosidase catalytic pockets. Variation at these two positions alters the width of the pocket entrance, which may relate to observed differences in substrate specificity. The side chain of Glu-462 that forms hydrogen bonds with the glucose moiety of DIMBOA-Glc moved deeper into the pocket upon substrate binding, and mutation of this residue dramatically decreased enzyme activity.
Department of Applied Biology and Chemistry, Tokyo University of Agriculture, Setagaya, Tokyo 156-8502, Japan. email@example.com