2I37

Crystal structure of a photoactivated rhodopsin


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 4.15 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.382 
  • R-Value Work: 0.377 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.378 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report



Literature

Crystal structure of a photoactivated deprotonated intermediate of rhodopsin.

Salom, D.Lodowski, D.T.Stenkamp, R.E.Trong, I.L.Golczak, M.Jastrzebska, B.Harris, T.Ballesteros, J.A.Palczewski, K.

(2006) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103: 16123-16128

  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0608022103
  • Structures With Same Primary Citation

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The changes that lead to activation of G protein-coupled receptors have not been elucidated at the structural level. In this work we report the crystal structures of both ground state and a photoactivated deprotonated intermediate of bovine rhodopsin ...

    The changes that lead to activation of G protein-coupled receptors have not been elucidated at the structural level. In this work we report the crystal structures of both ground state and a photoactivated deprotonated intermediate of bovine rhodopsin at a resolution of 4.15 A. In the photoactivated state, the Schiff base linking the chromophore and Lys-296 becomes deprotonated, reminiscent of the G protein-activating state, metarhodopsin II. The structures reveal that the changes that accompany photoactivation are smaller than previously predicted for the metarhodopsin II state and include changes on the cytoplasmic surface of rhodopsin that possibly enable the coupling to its cognate G protein, transducin. Furthermore, rhodopsin forms a potentially physiologically relevant dimer interface that involves helices I, II, and 8, and when taken with the prior work that implicates helices IV and V as the physiological dimer interface may account for one of the interfaces of the oligomeric structure of rhodopsin seen in the membrane by atomic force microscopy. The activation and oligomerization models likely extend to the majority of other G protein-coupled receptors.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Novasite Pharmaceuticals Inc., San Diego, CA 92121, USA.



Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
RhodopsinA, B, C349Bos taurusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: RHO
Membrane protein
Mpstruc
Group: 
TRANSMEMBRANE PROTEINS: ALPHA-HELICAL
Sub Group: 
G Protein-Coupled Receptors (GPCRs)
Protein: 
Rhodopsin, photoactivated
Find proteins for P02699 (Bos taurus)
Explore P02699 
Go to UniProtKB:  P02699
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Oligosaccharides
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D Diagram Glycosylation
alpha-D-mannopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose
D
3 N-Glycosylation
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D Diagram Glycosylation
2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose
E, G, I
2 N-Glycosylation
Entity ID: 4
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D Diagram Glycosylation
2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-2)-beta-D-mannopyranose-(1-3)-alpha-D-mannopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose
F
5 N-Glycosylation
Entity ID: 5
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D Diagram Glycosylation
alpha-D-mannopyranose-(1-3)-alpha-D-mannopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose
H
4 N-Glycosylation
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 4.15 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.382 
  • R-Value Work: 0.377 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.378 
  • Space Group: P 31 1 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 161.245α = 90
b = 161.245β = 90
c = 143.442γ = 120
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
REFMACrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
MOLREPphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2006-10-17
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-05-01
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Non-polymer description, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2017-10-18
    Changes: Refinement description
  • Version 2.0: 2020-07-29
    Type: Remediation
    Reason: Carbohydrate remediation
    Changes: Advisory, Atomic model, Data collection, Derived calculations, Non-polymer description, Structure summary