2I37

Crystal structure of a photoactivated rhodopsin


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 4.15 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.382 
  • R-Value Work: 0.377 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.378 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 2.0 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Crystal structure of a photoactivated deprotonated intermediate of rhodopsin.

Salom, D.Lodowski, D.T.Stenkamp, R.E.Trong, I.L.Golczak, M.Jastrzebska, B.Harris, T.Ballesteros, J.A.Palczewski, K.

(2006) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103: 16123-16128

  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0608022103
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2I35, 2I36, 2I37

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The changes that lead to activation of G protein-coupled receptors have not been elucidated at the structural level. In this work we report the crystal structures of both ground state and a photoactivated deprotonated intermediate of bovine rhodopsin at a resolution of 4 ...

    The changes that lead to activation of G protein-coupled receptors have not been elucidated at the structural level. In this work we report the crystal structures of both ground state and a photoactivated deprotonated intermediate of bovine rhodopsin at a resolution of 4.15 A. In the photoactivated state, the Schiff base linking the chromophore and Lys-296 becomes deprotonated, reminiscent of the G protein-activating state, metarhodopsin II. The structures reveal that the changes that accompany photoactivation are smaller than previously predicted for the metarhodopsin II state and include changes on the cytoplasmic surface of rhodopsin that possibly enable the coupling to its cognate G protein, transducin. Furthermore, rhodopsin forms a potentially physiologically relevant dimer interface that involves helices I, II, and 8, and when taken with the prior work that implicates helices IV and V as the physiological dimer interface may account for one of the interfaces of the oligomeric structure of rhodopsin seen in the membrane by atomic force microscopy. The activation and oligomerization models likely extend to the majority of other G protein-coupled receptors.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Novasite Pharmaceuticals Inc., San Diego, CA 92121, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
RhodopsinA, B, C349Bos taurusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: RHO
Membrane Entity: Yes 
UniProt
Find proteins for P02699 (Bos taurus)
Explore P02699 
Go to UniProtKB:  P02699
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupP02699
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Oligosaccharides

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Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D DiagramGlycosylation3D Interactions
alpha-D-mannopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranoseD 3N-Glycosylation Oligosaccharides Interaction
Glycosylation Resources
GlyTouCan:  G62182OO
GlyCosmos:  G62182OO
GlyGen:  G62182OO
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D DiagramGlycosylation3D Interactions
2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranoseE, G, I 2N-Glycosylation Oligosaccharides Interaction
Glycosylation Resources
GlyTouCan:  G42666HT
GlyCosmos:  G42666HT
GlyGen:  G42666HT
Entity ID: 4
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D DiagramGlycosylation3D Interactions
2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-2)-beta-D-mannopyranose-(1-3)-alpha-D-mannopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranoseF 5N-Glycosylation Oligosaccharides Interaction
Glycosylation Resources
GlyTouCan:  G44295MM
GlyCosmos:  G44295MM
Entity ID: 5
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D DiagramGlycosylation3D Interactions
alpha-D-mannopyranose-(1-3)-alpha-D-mannopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranoseH 4N-Glycosylation Oligosaccharides Interaction
Glycosylation Resources
GlyTouCan:  G48068RF
GlyCosmos:  G48068RF
GlyGen:  G48068RF
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 4.15 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.382 
  • R-Value Work: 0.377 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.378 
  • Space Group: P 31 1 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 161.245α = 90
b = 161.245β = 90
c = 143.442γ = 120
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
REFMACrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
MOLREPphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2006-10-17
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-05-01
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Non-polymer description, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2017-10-18
    Changes: Refinement description
  • Version 2.0: 2020-07-29
    Type: Remediation
    Reason: Carbohydrate remediation
    Changes: Advisory, Atomic model, Data collection, Derived calculations, Non-polymer description, Structure summary