2IAJ

Crystal Structure of K103N/Y181C Mutant HIV-1 Reverse Transcriptase (RT) in Complex with ATP


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.50 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.284 
  • R-Value Work: 0.233 

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Literature

Crystal Structures of Clinically Relevant Lys103Asn/Tyr181Cys Double Mutant HIV-1 Reverse Transcriptase in Complexes with ATP and Non-nucleoside Inhibitor HBY 097.

Das, K.Sarafianos, S.G.Clark, A.D.Boyer, P.L.Hughes, S.H.Arnold, E.

(2007) J Mol Biol 365: 77-89

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jmb.2006.08.097
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2IAJ, 2IC3

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Lys103Asn and Tyr181Cys are the two mutations frequently observed in patients exposed to various non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor drugs (NNRTIs). Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) strains containing both reverse transcriptase (RT) mutations are resistant to all of the approved NNRTI drugs ...

    Lys103Asn and Tyr181Cys are the two mutations frequently observed in patients exposed to various non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor drugs (NNRTIs). Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) strains containing both reverse transcriptase (RT) mutations are resistant to all of the approved NNRTI drugs. We have determined crystal structures of Lys103Asn/Tyr181Cys mutant HIV-1 RT with and without a bound non-nucleoside inhibitor (HBY 097, (S)-4-isopropoxycarbonyl-6-methoxy-3-(methylthio-methyl)-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2(1H)-thione) at 3.0 A and 2.5 A resolution, respectively. The structure of the double mutant RT/HBY 097 complex shows a rearrangement of the isopropoxycarbonyl group of HBY 097 compared to its binding with wild-type RT. HBY 097 makes a hydrogen bond with the thiol group of Cys181 that helps the drug retain potency against the Tyr181Cys mutation. The structure of the unliganded double mutant HIV-1 RT showed that Lys103Asn mutation facilitates coordination of a sodium ion with Lys101 O, Asn103 N and O(delta1), Tyr188 O(eta), and two water molecules. The formation of the binding pocket requires the removal of the sodium ion. Although the RT alone and the RT/HBY 097 complex were crystallized in the presence of ATP, only the RT has an ATP coordinated with two Mn(2+) at the polymerase active site. The metal coordination mimics a reaction intermediate state in which complete octahedral coordination was observed for both metal ions. Asp186 coordinates at an axial position whereas the carboxylates of Asp110 and Asp185 are in the planes of coordination of both metal ions. The structures provide evidence that NNRTIs restrict the flexibility of the YMDD loop and prevent the catalytic aspartate residues from adopting their metal-binding conformations.


    Related Citations: 
    • Structure of Unliganded HIV-1 Reverse Transcriptase at 2.7 A Resolution: Implications of Conformational Changes for Polymerization and Inhibition Mechanisms
      Hsiou, Y., Ding, J., Das, K., D Clark, A., Hughes, S.H., Arnold, E.
      (1996) Structure 4: 853
    • Crystal structures of 8-Cl and 9-Cl TIBO complexed with wild-type HIV-1 RT and 8-Cl TIBO complexed with the Tyr181Cys HIV-1 RT drug-resistant mutant.
      Das, K., Ding, J., Hsiou, Y., Clark, A.D., Moereels, H., Koymans, L., Andries, K., Pauwels, R., Janssen, P.A., Boyer, P.L., Clark, P., Smith, R.H., Kroeger Smith, M.B., Michejda, C.J., Hughes, S.H., Arnold, E.
      (1996) J Mol Biol 264: 1085
    • Structures of Tyr188Leu mutant and wild-type HIV-1 reverse transcriptase complexed with the non-nucleoside inhibitor HBY 097: inhibitor flexibility is a useful design feature for reducing drug resistance.
      Hsiou, Y., Das, K., Ding, J., Clark, A.D., Kleim, J.P., Winkler, I., Riess, G., Hughes, S.H., Arnold, E.
      (1998) J Mol Biol 284: 313
    • The Lys103Asn mutation of HIV-1 RT: a novel mechanism of drug resistance.
      Hsiou, Y., Ding, J., Das, K., Clark, A.D., Boyer, P.L., Lewi, P., Janssen, P.A., Kleim, J.P., Hughes, S.H., Arnold, E.
      (2001) J Mol Biol 309: 437
    • Roles of conformational and positional adaptability in structure-based design of TMC125-R165335 (etravirine) and related non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors that are highly potent and effective against wild-type and drug-resistant HIV-1 variants.
      Das, K., Clark, A.D., Lewi, P.J., Heeres, J., De Jonge, M.R., Koymans, L.M., Vinkers, H.M., Daeyaert, F., Ludovici, D.W., Kukla, M.J., De Corte, B., Kavash, R.W., Ho, C.Y., Ye, H., Lichtenstein, M.A., Andries, K., Pauwels, R., Boyer, P.L., Clark, P., Hughes, S.H., Janssen, P.A., Arnold, E.
      (2004) J Med Chem 47: 2550

    Organizational Affiliation

    Center for Advanced Biotechnology and Medicine, Rutgers University, Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Piscataway, NJ 08854, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Reverse transcriptase/ribonuclease H (p66 RT)A560Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 BH10Mutation(s): 3 
Gene Names: polgag-pol
EC: 2.7.7.49 (PDB Primary Data), 3.4.23.16 (UniProt), 2.7.7.7 (UniProt), 3.1.26.13 (UniProt), 3.1.13.2 (UniProt), 2.7.7 (UniProt), 3.1 (UniProt)
UniProt
Find proteins for P03366 (Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 group M subtype B (isolate BH10))
Explore P03366 
Go to UniProtKB:  P03366
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupP03366
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Reverse transcriptase/ribonuclease H; p51 RTB447Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 BH10Mutation(s): 3 
Gene Names: polgag-pol
EC: 2.7.7.49 (PDB Primary Data), 3.4.23.16 (UniProt), 2.7.7.7 (UniProt), 3.1.26.13 (UniProt), 3.1.13.2 (UniProt), 2.7.7 (UniProt), 3.1 (UniProt)
UniProt
Find proteins for P03366 (Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 group M subtype B (isolate BH10))
Explore P03366 
Go to UniProtKB:  P03366
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupP03366
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 4 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ATP
Query on ATP

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
G [auth A]ADENOSINE-5'-TRIPHOSPHATE
C10 H16 N5 O13 P3
ZKHQWZAMYRWXGA-KQYNXXCUSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
GOL
Query on GOL

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
H [auth B],
I [auth B]
GLYCEROL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MN
Query on MN

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C [auth A],
D [auth A],
E [auth A]
MANGANESE (II) ION
Mn
WAEMQWOKJMHJLA-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NA
Query on NA

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
F [auth A]SODIUM ION
Na
FKNQFGJONOIPTF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.50 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.284 
  • R-Value Work: 0.233 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 237.4α = 90
b = 71.13β = 105.86
c = 94.21γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
CNSrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
ADSCdata collection
CNSphasing

Structure Validation

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Ligand Structure Quality Assessment 



Entry History 

Deposition Data

  • Deposited Date: 2006-09-08 
  • Released Date: 2006-12-19 
  • Deposition Author(s): Das, K., Arnold, E.

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2006-12-19
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-05-01
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Non-polymer description, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2017-10-18
    Changes: Refinement description
  • Version 1.4: 2021-10-20
    Changes: Database references, Derived calculations