2HIN

Structure of N15 Cro at 1.05 A: an ortholog of lambda Cro with a completely different but equally effective dimerization mechanism


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.05 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.173 
  • R-Value Work: 0.160 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.160 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

N15 Cro and lambda Cro: orthologous DNA-binding domains with completely different but equally effective homodimer interfaces.

Dubrava, M.S.Ingram, W.M.Roberts, S.A.Weichsel, A.Montfort, W.R.Cordes, M.H.

(2008) Protein Sci 17: 803-812

  • DOI: 10.1110/ps.073330808
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    2HIN

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Bacteriophage Cro proteins bind to target DNA as dimers but do not all dimerize with equal strength, and differ in fold in the region of the dimer interface. We report the structure of the Cro protein from Enterobacteria phage N15 at 1.05 A resolutio ...

    Bacteriophage Cro proteins bind to target DNA as dimers but do not all dimerize with equal strength, and differ in fold in the region of the dimer interface. We report the structure of the Cro protein from Enterobacteria phage N15 at 1.05 A resolution. The subunit fold contains five alpha-helices and is closely similar to the structure of P22 Cro (1.3 A backbone room mean square difference over 52 residues), but quite different from that of lambda Cro, a structurally diverged member of this family with a mixed alpha-helix/beta-sheet fold. N15 Cro crystallizes as a biological dimer with an extensive interface (1303 A(2) change in accessible surface area per dimer) and also dimerizes in solution with a K(d) of 5.1 +/- 1.5 microM. Its dimerization is much stronger than that of its structural homolog P22 Cro, which does not self-associate detectably in solution. Instead, the level of self-association and interfacial area for N15 Cro is similar to that of lambda Cro, even though these two orthologs do not share the same fold and have dimer interfaces that are qualitatively different in structure. The common Cro ancestor is thought to be an all-helical monomer similar to P22 Cro. We propose that two Cro descendants independently developed stronger dimerization by entirely different mechanisms.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85721, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Repressor proteinAB71Escherichia virus N15Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: cro (gene 39)crogene 39
Find proteins for Q37964 (Escherichia phage N15)
Explore Q37964 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q37964
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SO4
Query on SO4

Download CCD File 
A
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.05 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.173 
  • R-Value Work: 0.160 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.160 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 25.579α = 90
b = 49.512β = 91.75
c = 43.768γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
d*TREKdata scaling
REFMACrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
d*TREKdata reduction
ACORNphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2007-07-10
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-01
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance