Structure of Calmodulin Bound to the Hydrophobic IQ Domain of the Cardiac Ca(v)1.2 Calcium Channel.Fallon, J.L., Halling, D.B., Hamilton, S.L., Quiocho, F.A.
(2005) Structure 13: 1881-1886
- PubMed: 16338416
- DOI: 10.1016/j.str.2005.09.021
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- Also Cited By: 3G43
- PubMed Abstract:
- Target enzyme recognition by calmodulin: 2.4 A structure of a calmodulin-peptide complex
Meador, W.E.,Means, A.R.,Quiocho, F.A.
(1992) Science 257: 1251
- A closed compact structure of native Ca(2+)-calmodulin
Fallon, J.L.,Quiocho, F.A.
(2003) Structure 11: 1303
- Calmodulin interactions with IQ peptides from voltage-dependent calcium channels
Black, D.J.,Halling, D.B.,Mandich, D.V.,Pedersen, S.E.,Altshuld, R.A.,Hamilton, S.L.
(2005) Am.J.Physiol., Cell Physiol. 288: C669
Ca2+-dependent inactivation (CDI) and facilitation (CDF) of the Ca(v)1.2 Ca2+ channel require calmodulin binding to a putative IQ motif in the carboxy-terminal tail of the pore-forming subunit. We present the 1.45 A crystal structure of Ca2+-calmodul ...
Ca2+-dependent inactivation (CDI) and facilitation (CDF) of the Ca(v)1.2 Ca2+ channel require calmodulin binding to a putative IQ motif in the carboxy-terminal tail of the pore-forming subunit. We present the 1.45 A crystal structure of Ca2+-calmodulin bound to a 21 residue peptide corresponding to the IQ domain of Ca(v)1.2. This structure shows that parallel binding of calmodulin to the IQ domain is governed by hydrophobic interactions. Mutations of residues I1672 and Q1673 in the peptide to alanines, which abolish CDI but not CDF in the channel, do not greatly alter the structure. Both lobes of Ca2+-saturated CaM bind to the IQ peptide but isoleucine 1672, thought to form an intramolecular interaction that drives CDI, is buried. These findings suggest that this structure could represent the conformation that calmodulin assumes in CDF.
Verna and Marrs McLean Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas 77030, USA.