The Protein Structure of Recombinant Human Lactoferrin Produced in the Milk of Transgenic Cows Closely Matches the Structure of Human Milk-Derived LactoferrinThomassen, E.A.J., Van Veen, H.A., Van Berkel, P.H.C., Nuijens, J.H., Abrahams, J.P.
(2005) Transgenic Res. 14: 397
- PubMed: 16201406
- PubMed Abstract:
- Large Scale Production of Recombinant Human Lactoferrin in the Milk of Transgenic Cows
Van Berkel, P.H.C.,Welling, M.M.,Geerts, M.,Van Veen, H.A.,Ravensbergen, B.,Salaheddine, M.,Pauwels, E.K.J.,Pieper, F.,Nuijens, J.N.,Nibbering, P.H.
(2002) Nat.Biotechnol. 20: 484
- Structure of Human Diferric Lactoferrin Refined at 2.2 Angstrom Resolution
Haridas, M.,Anderson, B.F.,Baker, E.N.
(1995) Acta Crystallogr.,Sect.D 51: 629
Human lactoferrin (hLF) is an iron-binding glycoprotein involved in the host defence against infection and excessive inflammation. As the availability of (human milk-derived) natural hLF is limited, alternative means of production of this biopharmace ...
Human lactoferrin (hLF) is an iron-binding glycoprotein involved in the host defence against infection and excessive inflammation. As the availability of (human milk-derived) natural hLF is limited, alternative means of production of this biopharmaceutical are extensively researched. Here we report the crystal structure of recombinant hLF (rhLF) expressed in the milk of transgenic cows at a resolution of 2.4 A. To our knowledge, the first reported structure of a recombinant protein produced in milk of transgenic livestock. Even though rhLF contains oligomannose- and hybrid-type N-linked glycans next to complex-type glycans, which are the only glycans found on natural hLF, the structures are identical within the experimental error (r.m.s. deviation of only 0.28 A for the main-chain atoms). Of the differences in polymorphic amino acids between the natural and rhLF variant used, only the side-chain of Asp561 could be modeled into the rhLF electron density map. Taken together, the results confirm the structural integrity of the rhLF variant used in this study. It also confirms the validity of the transgenic cow mammary gland as a vehicle to produce recombinant human proteins.
Biophysical Structural Chemistry, Leiden Institute of Chemistry, Leiden University, Einsteinweg 55, 2333 CC Leiden, The Netherlands.