2AIK

Formylglycine generating enzyme C336S mutant covalently bound to substrate peptide LCTPSRA


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.73 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.174 
  • R-Value Work: 0.141 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

A general binding mechanism for all human sulfatases by the formylglycine-generating enzyme

Roeser, D.Preusser-Kunze, A.Schmidt, B.Gasow, K.Wittmann, J.G.Dierks, T.von Figura, K.Rudolph, M.G.

(2006) Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.Usa 103: 81-86

  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0507592102
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The formylglycine (FGly)-generating enzyme (FGE) uses molecular oxygen to oxidize a conserved cysteine residue in all eukaryotic sulfatases to the catalytically active FGly. Sulfatases degrade and remodel sulfate esters, and inactivity of FGE results ...

    The formylglycine (FGly)-generating enzyme (FGE) uses molecular oxygen to oxidize a conserved cysteine residue in all eukaryotic sulfatases to the catalytically active FGly. Sulfatases degrade and remodel sulfate esters, and inactivity of FGE results in multiple sulfatase deficiency, a fatal disease. The previously determined FGE crystal structure revealed two crucial cysteine residues in the active site, one of which was thought to be implicated in substrate binding. The other cysteine residue partakes in a novel oxygenase mechanism that does not rely on any cofactors. Here, we present crystal structures of the individual FGE cysteine mutants and employ chemical probing of wild-type FGE, which defined the cysteines to differ strongly in their reactivity. This striking difference in reactivity is explained by the distinct roles of these cysteine residues in the catalytic mechanism. Hitherto, an enzyme-substrate complex as an essential cornerstone for the structural evaluation of the FGly formation mechanism has remained elusive. We also present two FGE-substrate complexes with pentamer and heptamer peptides that mimic sulfatases. The peptides isolate a small cavity that is a likely binding site for molecular oxygen and could host reactive oxygen intermediates during cysteine oxidation. Importantly, these FGE-peptide complexes directly unveil the molecular bases of FGE substrate binding and specificity. Because of the conserved nature of FGE sequences in other organisms, this binding mechanism is of general validity. Furthermore, several disease-causing mutations in both FGE and sulfatases are explained by this binding mechanism.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Molecular Structural Biology, University of Göttingen, Justus-von-Liebig-Weg 11, D-37077 Göttingen, Germany.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Sulfatase modifying factor 1
X
286Homo sapiensMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: SUMF1
EC: 1.8.3.7
Find proteins for Q8NBK3 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: SUMF1
Go to UniProtKB:  Q8NBK3
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
LCTPSRA peptide from Arylsulfatase A
P
7Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: ARSA
EC: 3.1.6.8
Find proteins for P15289 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: ARSA
Go to UniProtKB:  P15289
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
CL
Query on CL

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
X
CHLORIDE ION
Cl
VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
CA
Query on CA

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
X
CALCIUM ION
Ca
BHPQYMZQTOCNFJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NAG
Query on NAG

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
X
N-ACETYL-D-GLUCOSAMINE
C8 H15 N O6
OVRNDRQMDRJTHS-FMDGEEDCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.73 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.174 
  • R-Value Work: 0.141 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 61.719α = 90.00
b = 109.517β = 90.00
c = 43.520γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2005-12-13
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-30
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Non-polymer description, Version format compliance