1XXX

Crystal structure of Dihydrodipicolinate Synthase (DapA, Rv2753c) from Mycobacterium tuberculosis


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.28 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.215 
  • R-Value Work: 0.148 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Crystal structure and kinetic study of dihydrodipicolinate synthase from Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

Kefala, G.Evans, G.L.Griffin, M.D.Devenish, S.R.Pearce, F.G.Perugini, M.A.Gerrard, J.A.Weiss, M.S.Dobson, R.C.

(2008) Biochem.J. 411: 351-360

  • DOI: 10.1042/BJ20071360

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The three-dimensional structure of the enzyme dihydrodipicolinate synthase (KEGG entry Rv2753c, EC 4.2.1.52) from Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb-DHDPS) was determined and refined at 2.28 A (1 A=0.1 nm) resolution. The asymmetric unit of the crystal ...

    The three-dimensional structure of the enzyme dihydrodipicolinate synthase (KEGG entry Rv2753c, EC 4.2.1.52) from Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb-DHDPS) was determined and refined at 2.28 A (1 A=0.1 nm) resolution. The asymmetric unit of the crystal contains two tetramers, each of which we propose to be the functional enzyme unit. This is supported by analytical ultracentrifugation studies, which show the enzyme to be tetrameric in solution. The structure of each subunit consists of an N-terminal (beta/alpha)(8)-barrel followed by a C-terminal alpha-helical domain. The active site comprises residues from two adjacent subunits, across an interface, and is located at the C-terminal side of the (beta/alpha)(8)-barrel domain. A comparison with the other known DHDPS structures shows that the overall architecture of the active site is largely conserved, albeit the proton relay motif comprising Tyr(143), Thr(54) and Tyr(117) appears to be disrupted. The kinetic parameters of the enzyme are reported: K(M)(ASA)=0.43+/-0.02 mM, K(M)(pyruvate)=0.17+/-0.01 mM and V(max)=4.42+/-0.08 micromol x s(-1) x mg(-1). Interestingly, the V(max) of Mtb-DHDPS is 6-fold higher than the corresponding value for Escherichia coli DHDPS, and the enzyme is insensitive to feedback inhibition by (S)-lysine. This can be explained by the three-dimensional structure, which shows that the (S)-lysine-binding site is not conserved in Mtb-DHDPS, when compared with DHDPS enzymes that are known to be inhibited by (S)-lysine. A selection of metabolites from the aspartate family of amino acids do not inhibit this enzyme. A comprehensive understanding of the structure and function of this important enzyme from the (S)-lysine biosynthesis pathway may provide the key for the design of new antibiotics to combat tuberculosis.


    Organizational Affiliation

    EMBL Hamburg Outstation, c/o DESY, Notkestrasse 85, D-22603 Hamburg, Germany.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Dihydrodipicolinate synthase
A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H
303Mycobacterium tuberculosis (strain ATCC 25618 / H37Rv)Gene Names: dapA
EC: 4.3.3.7
Find proteins for P9WP25 (Mycobacterium tuberculosis (strain ATCC 25618 / H37Rv))
Go to UniProtKB:  P9WP25
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
CL
Query on CL

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H
CHLORIDE ION
Cl
VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
MG
Query on MG

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H
MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
DTT
Query on DTT

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H
2,3-DIHYDROXY-1,4-DITHIOBUTANE
1,4-DITHIOTHREITOL
C4 H10 O2 S2
VHJLVAABSRFDPM-IMJSIDKUSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.28 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.215 
  • R-Value Work: 0.148 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 94.790α = 90.00
b = 87.370β = 107.78
c = 139.850γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
MOLREPphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2006-02-14
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-30
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Advisory, Version format compliance