1NK5

ADENINE-ADENINE MISMATCH AT THE POLYMERASE ACTIVE SITE


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.10 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.221 
  • R-Value Work: 0.191 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.213 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 2.0 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structures of mismatch replication errors observed in a DNA polymerase.

Johnson, S.J.Beese, L.S.

(2004) Cell 116: 803-816

  • DOI: 10.1016/s0092-8674(04)00252-1
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1NJW, 1NJX, 1NJY, 1NJZ, 1NK0, 1NK4, 1NK5, 1NK6, 1NK7, 1NK8, 1NK9, 1NKB, 1NKC, 1NKE

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Accurate DNA replication is essential for genomic stability. One mechanism by which high-fidelity DNA polymerases maintain replication accuracy involves stalling of the polymerase in response to covalent incorporation of mismatched base pairs, thereby favoring subsequent mismatch excision ...

    Accurate DNA replication is essential for genomic stability. One mechanism by which high-fidelity DNA polymerases maintain replication accuracy involves stalling of the polymerase in response to covalent incorporation of mismatched base pairs, thereby favoring subsequent mismatch excision. Some polymerases retain a "short-term memory" of replication errors, responding to mismatches up to four base pairs in from the primer terminus. Here we a present a structural characterization of all 12 possible mismatches captured at the growing primer terminus in the active site of a polymerase. Our observations suggest four mechanisms that lead to mismatch-induced stalling of the polymerase. Furthermore, we have observed the effects of extending a mismatch up to six base pairs from the primer terminus and find that long-range distortions in the DNA transmit the presence of the mismatch back to the enzyme active site, suggesting the structural basis for the short-term memory of replication errors.


    Related Citations: 
    • Processive DNA synthesis observed in a polymerase crystal suggests a mechanism for the prevention of frameshift mutations.
      Johnson, S.J., Taylor, J.S., Beese, L.S.
      (2003) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 100: 3895
    • Visualizing DNA Replication in a Catalytically Active Bacillus DNA Polymerase Crystal
      Kiefer, J.R., Mao, C., Braman, J.C., Beese, L.S.
      (1998) Nature 391: 304
    • Crystal Structure of a Thermostable Bacillus DNA Polymerase I Large Fragment at 2.1 A Resolution
      Kiefer, J.R., Mao, C., Hansen, C.J., Basehore, S.L., Hogrefe, H.H., Braman, J.C., Beese, L.S.
      (1997) Structure 5: 95

    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA.



Macromolecules

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Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
DNA POLYMERASE IC [auth A]580Geobacillus stearothermophilusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: polApol
EC: 2.7.7.7
UniProt
Find proteins for P52026 (Geobacillus stearothermophilus)
Explore P52026 
Go to UniProtKB:  P52026
Entity Groups  
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UniProt GroupP52026
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence

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Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganismImage
DNA PRIMER STRANDA [auth B]15N/A
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  • Reference Sequence

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Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganismImage
DNA TEMPLATE STRANDB [auth C]16N/A
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Oligosaccharides

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Entity ID: 4
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D DiagramGlycosylation3D Interactions
beta-D-fructofuranose-(2-1)-alpha-D-glucopyranoseD 2N/A Oligosaccharides Interaction
Glycosylation Resources
GlyTouCan:  G05551OP
GlyCosmos:  G05551OP
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SO4
Query on SO4

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
F [auth A],
G [auth A],
H [auth A]
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
MG
Query on MG

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
E [auth A]MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Biologically Interesting Molecules (External Reference) 1 Unique
Entity ID: 4
IDChainsNameType/Class2D Diagram3D Interactions
PRD_900003
Query on PRD_900003
DsucroseOligosaccharide / Nutrient Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.10 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.221 
  • R-Value Work: 0.191 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.213 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 87.574α = 90
b = 93.389β = 90
c = 105.868γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
CNSrefinement
CNSphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2004-03-30
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-29
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 2.0: 2020-07-29
    Type: Remediation
    Reason: Carbohydrate remediation
    Changes: Atomic model, Data collection, Derived calculations, Non-polymer description, Structure summary