1JP4

Crystal Structure of an Enzyme Displaying both Inositol-Polyphosphate 1-Phosphatase and 3'-Phosphoadenosine-5'-Phosphate Phosphatase Activities


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.69 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.180 
  • R-Value Work: 0.147 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Crystal structure of an enzyme displaying both inositol-polyphosphate-1-phosphatase and 3'-phosphoadenosine-5'-phosphate phosphatase activities: a novel target of lithium therapy.

Patel, S.Yenush, L.Rodriguez, P.L.Serrano, R.Blundell, T.L.

(2002) J.Mol.Biol. 315: 677-685

  • DOI: 10.1006/jmbi.2001.5271

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Lithium cations exert profound and selective psychopharmacological effects on ameliorate manic-depressive psychosis. Although lithium is an effective drug for both treatment and prophylaxis of bipolar disorder, the precise mechanism of action is not ...

    Lithium cations exert profound and selective psychopharmacological effects on ameliorate manic-depressive psychosis. Although lithium is an effective drug for both treatment and prophylaxis of bipolar disorder, the precise mechanism of action is not well understood. Lithium acts as both an uncompetitive and non-competitive inhibitor of several lithium- sensitive phosphatases with regard to substrate and magnesium cofactor, respectively. In this work, we report the crystal structure and reaction mechanism of Rattus norvegicus 3'-phosphoadenosine 5'-phosphate and inositol 1,4-bisphosphate phosphatase (RnPIP), a recently identified target of lithium therapy. This Li(+)-sensitive enzyme plays a crucial role in several cellular processes, such as RNA processing, sulphation reactions and probably inositol recycling. RnPIP specifically removes the 3'-phosphate group of 3'-phosphoadenosine 5'-phosphate (PAP) and the 1'-phosphate group of inositol 1,4-bisphosphate (I(1),(4)P(2)) producing AMP and inositol 4'-phosphate, respectively. The crystal structure of RnPIP complexed with AMP, Pi and magnesium ions at 1.69 A resolution provides insight into the reaction mechanism of the hydrolysis of PAP. The core fold of the enzyme is equivalent to that found in other Li(+)-sensitive phosphatases, such as inositol monophosphatase, but molecular modelling of I(1),(4)P(2) in the RnPIP active site reveals important structural determinants that accommodate this additional substrate. RnPIP is potently inhibited by lithium and, as the accumulation of PAP inhibits a variety of proteins, including sulphotransferases and RNA processing enzymes, this dual specificity enzyme represents a potential target of lithium action, in addition to inositol monophosphatases.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry, University of Cambridge, 80 Tennis Court Road, Cambridge, CB2 1GA, UK.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
3'(2'),5'-bisphosphate nucleotidase
A
308Rattus norvegicusGene Names: Bpnt1 (Sal3)
EC: 3.1.3.7
Find proteins for Q9Z1N4 (Rattus norvegicus)
Go to UniProtKB:  Q9Z1N4
Small Molecules
Ligands 4 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
PO4
Query on PO4

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A
PHOSPHATE ION
O4 P
NBIIXXVUZAFLBC-UHFFFAOYSA-K
 Ligand Interaction
BME
Query on BME

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A
BETA-MERCAPTOETHANOL
C2 H6 O S
DGVVWUTYPXICAM-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MG
Query on MG

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A
MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
AMP
Query on AMP

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Download CCD File 
A
ADENOSINE MONOPHOSPHATE
C10 H14 N5 O7 P
UDMBCSSLTHHNCD-KQYNXXCUSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.69 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.180 
  • R-Value Work: 0.147 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 48.635α = 90.00
b = 74.493β = 90.00
c = 92.827γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
REFMACrefinement
SCALEPACKdata scaling
SnBphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2001-08-08
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-27
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2017-10-04
    Type: Refinement description