1I44

CRYSTALLOGRAPHIC STUDIES OF AN ACTIVATION LOOP MUTANT OF THE INSULIN RECEPTOR TYROSINE KINASE


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.40 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.268 
  • R-Value Work: 0.210 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.210 

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This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Crystallographic and solution studies of an activation loop mutant of the insulin receptor tyrosine kinase: insights into kinase mechanism.

Till, J.H.Ablooglu, A.J.Frankel, M.Bishop, S.M.Kohanski, R.A.Hubbard, S.R.

(2001) J Biol Chem 276: 10049-10055

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M010161200
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1I44

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The tyrosine kinase domain of the insulin receptor is subject to autoinhibition in the unphosphorylated basal state via steric interactions involving the activation loop. A mutation in the activation loop designed to relieve autoinhibition, Asp-1161 --> Ala, substantially increases the ability of the unphosphorylated kinase to bind ATP ...

    The tyrosine kinase domain of the insulin receptor is subject to autoinhibition in the unphosphorylated basal state via steric interactions involving the activation loop. A mutation in the activation loop designed to relieve autoinhibition, Asp-1161 --> Ala, substantially increases the ability of the unphosphorylated kinase to bind ATP. The crystal structure of this mutant in complex with an ATP analog has been determined at 2.4-A resolution. The structure shows that the active site is unobstructed, but the end of the activation loop is disordered and therefore the binding site for peptide substrates is not fully formed. In addition, Phe-1151 of the protein kinase-conserved DFG motif, at the beginning of the activation loop, hinders closure of the catalytic cleft and proper positioning of alpha-helix C for catalysis. These results, together with viscometric kinetic measurements, suggest that peptide substrate binding induces a reconfiguration of the unphosphorylated activation loop prior to the catalytic step. The crystallographic and solution studies provide new insights into the mechanism by which the activation loop controls phosphoryl transfer as catalyzed by the insulin receptor.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Skirball Institute of Biomolecular Medicine and Department of Pharmacology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York 10016, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
INSULIN RECEPTORA306Homo sapiensMutation(s): 3 
Gene Names: INSR
EC: 2.7.1.112 (PDB Primary Data), 2.7.10.1 (UniProt)
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P06213 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P06213 
Go to UniProtKB:  P06213
PHAROS:  P06213
GTEx:  ENSG00000171105 
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupP06213
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ACP
Query on ACP

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C [auth A]PHOSPHOMETHYLPHOSPHONIC ACID ADENYLATE ESTER
C11 H18 N5 O12 P3
UFZTZBNSLXELAL-IOSLPCCCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MG
Query on MG

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
B [auth A]MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.40 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.268 
  • R-Value Work: 0.210 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.210 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 57.857α = 90
b = 69.578β = 90
c = 89.26γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
AMoREphasing
CNSrefinement
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling

Structure Validation

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Ligand Structure Quality Assessment 



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2001-03-07
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-27
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2021-10-27
    Changes: Database references, Derived calculations