1HAI

THE ISOMORPHOUS STRUCTURES OF PRETHROMBIN2, HIRUGEN-AND PPACK-THROMBIN: CHANGES ACCOMPANYING ACTIVATION AND EXOSITE BINDING TO THROMBIN


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.4 Å
  • R-Value Work: 0.139 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.4 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

The isomorphous structures of prethrombin2, hirugen-, and PPACK-thrombin: changes accompanying activation and exosite binding to thrombin.

Vijayalakshmi, J.Padmanabhan, K.P.Mann, K.G.Tulinsky, A.

(1994) Protein Sci. 3: 2254-2271

  • DOI: 10.1002/pro.5560031211
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  1HAG, 1HAH
  • Also Cited By: 3SQE, 3SQH

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The X-ray crystal structure of prethrombin2 (pre2), the immediate inactive precursor of alpha-thrombin, has been determined at 2.0 A resolution complexed with hirugen. The structure has been refined to a final R-value of 0.169 using 14,211 observed r ...

    The X-ray crystal structure of prethrombin2 (pre2), the immediate inactive precursor of alpha-thrombin, has been determined at 2.0 A resolution complexed with hirugen. The structure has been refined to a final R-value of 0.169 using 14,211 observed reflections in the resolution range 8.0-2.0 A. A total of 202 water molecules have also been located in the structure. Comparison with the hirugen-thrombin complex showed that, apart from the flexible beginning and terminal regions of the molecule, there are 4 polypeptide segments in pre2 differing in conformation from the active enzyme (Pro 186-Asp 194, Gly 216-Gly 223, Gly 142-Pro 152, and the Arg 15-Ile 16 cleavage region). The formation of the Ile 16-Asp 194 ion pair and the specificity pocket are characteristic of serine protease activation with the conformation of the catalytic triad being conserved. With the determination of isomorphous structures of hirugen-thrombin and D-Phe-Pro-Arg chloromethyl ketone (PPACK)-thrombin, the changes that occur in the active site that affect the kinetics of chromogenic substrate hydrolysis on binding to the fibrinogen recognition exosite have been determined. The backbone of the Ala 190-Gly 197 segment in the active site has an average RMS difference of 0.55 A between the 2 structures (about 3.7 sigma compared to the bulk structure). This segment has 2 type II beta-bends, the first bend showing the largest shift due to hirugen binding. Another important feature was the 2 different conformations of the side chain of Glu 192. The side chain extends to solvent in hirugen-thrombin, which is compatible with the binding of substrates having an acidic residue in the P3 position (protein-C, thrombin platelet receptor). In PPACK-thrombin, the side chain of Asp 189 and the segment Arg 221A-Gly 223 move to provide space for the inhibitor, whereas in hirugen-thrombin, the Ala 190-Gly 197 movement expands the active site region. Although 8 water molecules are expelled from the active site with PPACK binding, the inhibitor complex is resolvated with 5 other water molecules.


    Related Citations: 
    • Structure of the Hirugen and Hirulog 1 Complexes of Alpha-Thrombin
      Skrzypczak-Jankun, E.,Carperos, V.E.,Ravichandran, K.G.,Tulinsky, A.,Westbrook, M.,Maraganore, J.M.
      (1991) J.Mol.Biol. 221: 1379
    • Refined Structure of the Hirudin-Thrombin Complex
      Rydel, T.J.,Tulinsky, A.,Bode, W.,Huber, R.
      (1991) J.Mol.Biol. 221: 583


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Chemistry, Michigan State University, East Lansing 48824-1322, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
ALPHA-THROMBIN (SMALL SUBUNIT)
L
36Homo sapiensGene Names: F2
EC: 3.4.21.5
Find proteins for P00734 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: F2
Go to UniProtKB:  P00734
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
ALPHA-THROMBIN (LARGE SUBUNIT)
H
259Homo sapiensGene Names: F2
EC: 3.4.21.5
Find proteins for P00734 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: F2
Go to UniProtKB:  P00734
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
0G6
Query on 0G6

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
H
D-phenylalanyl-N-[(2S,3S)-6-{[amino(iminio)methyl]amino}-1-chloro-2-hydroxyhexan-3-yl]-L-prolinamide
PPACK
C21 H34 Cl N6 O3
DVFLYEYCMMLBTQ-VSZNYVQBSA-O
 Ligand Interaction
NAG
Query on NAG

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
H
N-ACETYL-D-GLUCOSAMINE
C8 H15 N O6
OVRNDRQMDRJTHS-FMDGEEDCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Biologically Interesting Molecules 1 Unique
IDChainsNameType/Class2D Diagram3D Interactions
PRD_000020 (0G6)
Query on PRD_000020
HD-Phe-Pro-Arg-CH2ClPeptide-like / Inhibitor

--

Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.4 Å
  • R-Value Work: 0.139 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 70.970α = 90.00
b = 72.500β = 100.50
c = 72.570γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
X-PLORmodel building
PROLSQrefinement
X-PLORphasing
X-PLORrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 1994-12-20
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-03-07
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Atomic model, Database references, Derived calculations, Non-polymer description, Structure summary, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2013-02-27
    Type: Other
  • Version 1.4: 2017-11-29
    Type: Derived calculations, Other