1GB0

CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF MUTANT HUMAN LYSOZYME SUBSTITUTED AT THE SURFACE POSITIONS


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.8 Å

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Role of surface hydrophobic residues in the conformational stability of human lysozyme at three different positions.

Funahashi, J.Takano, K.Yamagata, Y.Yutani, K.

(2000) Biochemistry 39: 14448-14456

  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • To evaluate the contribution of the amino acid residues on the surface of a protein to its stability, a series of hydrophobic mutant human lysozymes (Val to Gly, Ala, Leu, Ile, Met, and Phe) modified at three different positions on the surface, which ...

    To evaluate the contribution of the amino acid residues on the surface of a protein to its stability, a series of hydrophobic mutant human lysozymes (Val to Gly, Ala, Leu, Ile, Met, and Phe) modified at three different positions on the surface, which are located in the alpha-helix (Val 110), the beta-sheet (Val 2), and the loop (Val 74), were constructed. Their thermodynamic parameters of denaturation and crystal structures were examined by calorimetry and by X-ray crystallography at 100 K, respectively. Differences in the denaturation Gibbs energy change between the wild-type and the hydrophobic mutant proteins ranged from 4.6 to -9.6 kJ/mol, 2.7 to -1.5 kJ/mol, and 3.6 to -0.2 kJ/mol at positions 2, 74, and 110, respectively. The identical substitution at different positions and different substitutions at the same position resulted in different degrees of stabilization. Changes in the stability of the mutant proteins could be evaluated by a unique equation considering the conformational changes due to the substitutions [Funahashi et al. (1999) Protein Eng. 12, 841-850]. For this calculation, secondary structural propensities were newly considered. However, some mutant proteins were not adapted to the equation. The hydration structures around the mutation sites of the exceptional mutant proteins were affected due to the substitutions. The stability changes in the exceptional mutant proteins could be explained by the formation or destruction of the hydration structures. These results suggest that the hydration structure mediated via hydrogen bonds covering the protein surface plays an important role in the conformational stability of the protein.


    Related Citations: 
    • Contribution of amino acid substitutions at two different interior positions to the conformational stability of human lysozyme
      Funahashi, J.,Takano, K.,Yamagata, Y.,Yutani, K.
      (1999) Protein Eng. 12: 841


    Organizational Affiliation

    Institute for Protein Research, Osaka University, 3-2 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
LYSOZYME
A
130Homo sapiensMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: LYZ (LZM)
EC: 3.2.1.17
Find proteins for P61626 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: LYZ
Go to UniProtKB:  P61626
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
NA
Query on NA

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
SODIUM ION
Na
FKNQFGJONOIPTF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.8 Å
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 56.400α = 90.00
b = 61.460β = 90.00
c = 32.570γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
X-PLORrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2000-07-27
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-27
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2017-10-04
    Type: Refinement description