Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 200 
  • Conformers Submitted: 20 
  • Selection Criteria: structures with the lowest energy 

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This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Structures of the contryphan family of cyclic peptides. Role of electrostatic interactions in cis-trans isomerism.

Pallaghy, P.K.He, W.Jimenez, E.C.Olivera, B.M.Norton, R.S.

(2000) Biochemistry 39: 12845-12852

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/bi0010930
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1DFY, 1DFZ, 1DG0

  • PubMed Abstract: 

    The contryphan family of cyclic peptides, isolated recently from various species of cone shell, has the conserved sequence motif NH(3)(+)-X(1)COD-WX(5)PWC-NH(2), where X(1) is either Gly or absent, O is 4-trans-hydroxyproline, and X(5) is Glu, Asp, or Gln. The solution structures described herein of two new naturally occurring contryphan sequences, contryphan-Sm and des[Gly1]-contryphan-R, are similar to those of contryphan-R, the structure of which has been determined recently [Pallaghy et al. (1999) Biochemistry 38, 11553-11559]. The (1)H NMR chemical shifts of another naturally occurring peptide, contryphan-P, indicate that it also adopts a similar structure. All of these contryphans exist in solution as a mixture of two conformers due to cis-trans isomerization about the Cys2-Hyp3 peptide bond. The lower cis-trans ratio for contryphan-Sm enabled elucidation of the 3D structure of both its major and its minor forms, for which the patterns of (3)J(H)(alpha)(HN) coupling constants are very different. As with contryphan-R, the structure of the major form of contryphan-Sm (cis Cys2-Hyp3 peptide bond) contains an N-terminal chain reversal and a C-terminal type I beta-turn. The minor conformer (trans peptide bond) forms a hairpin structure with sheetlike hydrogen bonds and a type II beta-turn, with the D-Trp4 at the 'Gly position' of the turn. The ratio of conformers arising from cis-trans isomerism around the peptide bond preceding Hyp3 is sensitive to both the amino acid sequence and the solution conditions, varying from 2.7:1 to 17:1 across the five sequences. The sequence and structural determinants of the cis-trans isomerism have been elucidated by comparison of the cis-trans ratios for these peptides with those for contryphan-R and an N-acetylated derivative thereof. The cis-trans ratio is reduced for peptides in which either the charged N-terminal ammonium or the X(5) side-chain carboxylate is neutralized, implying that an electrostatic interaction between these groups stabilizes the cis conformer relative to the trans. These results on the structures and cis-trans equilibrium of different conformers suggest a paradigm of 'locally determined but globally selected' folding for cyclic peptides and constrained protein loops, where the series of stereochemical centers in the loop dictates the favorable conformations and the equilibrium is determined by a small number of side-chain interactions.

  • Organizational Affiliation

    Biomolecular Research Institute, 343 Royal Parade, Parkville 3052, Australia.


Find similar proteins by:  Sequence   |   3D Structure  

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChains Sequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
CONTRYPHAN-SM8Conus stercusmuscarumMutation(s): 0 
Find proteins for P58787 (Conus stercusmuscarum)
Explore P58787 
Go to UniProtKB:  P58787
Entity Groups  
UniProt GroupP58787
Sequence Annotations
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Modified Residues  2 Unique
IDChains TypeFormula2D DiagramParent
Query on CY3
Query on HYP
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 200 
  • Conformers Submitted: 20 
  • Selection Criteria: structures with the lowest energy 

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report

Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2002-05-01
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-27
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2020-06-24
    Changes: Data collection, Database references, Derived calculations, Source and taxonomy