1C1W

RECRUITING ZINC TO MEDIATE POTENT, SPECIFIC INHIBITION OF SERINE PROTEASES


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.90 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.242 
  • R-Value Work: 0.203 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.203 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.6 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Design of potent selective zinc-mediated serine protease inhibitors.

Katz, B.A.Clark, J.M.Finer-Moore, J.S.Jenkins, T.E.Johnson, C.R.Ross, M.J.Luong, C.Moore, W.R.Stroud, R.M.

(1998) Nature 391: 608-612

  • DOI: 10.1038/35422
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1C2G, 1C2F, 1C2E, 1C2D, 1C2M, 1C2L, 1C2K, 1C2J, 1C2I, 1C2H

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Many serine proteases are targets for therapeutic intervention because they often play key roles in disease. Small molecule inhibitors of serine proteases with high affinity are especially interesting as they could be used as scaffolds from which to ...

    Many serine proteases are targets for therapeutic intervention because they often play key roles in disease. Small molecule inhibitors of serine proteases with high affinity are especially interesting as they could be used as scaffolds from which to develop drugs selective for protease targets. One such inhibitor is bis(5-amidino-2-benzimidazolyl)methane (BABIM), standing out as the best inhibitor of trypsin (by a factor of over 100) in a series of over 60 relatively closely related analogues. By probing the structural basis of inhibition, we discovered, using crystallographic methods, a new mode of high-affinity binding in which a Zn2+ ion is tetrahedrally coordinated between two chelating nitrogens of BABIM and two active site residues, His57 and Ser 195. Zn2+, at subphysiological levels, enhances inhibition by over 10(3)-fold. The distinct Zn2+ coordination geometry implies a strong dependence of affinity on substituents. This unique structural paradigm has enabled development of potent, highly selective, Zn2+-dependent inhibitors of several therapeutically important serine proteases, using a physiologically ubiquitous metal ion.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Arris Pharmaceutical Corporation, South San Francisco, California 94080, USA. bak@arris.com



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Thrombin light chainL36Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: F2
EC: 3.4.21.5
Find proteins for P00734 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P00734 
Go to UniProtKB:  P00734
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS  P00734
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Thrombin heavy chainH259Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: F2
EC: 3.4.21.5
Find proteins for P00734 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P00734 
Go to UniProtKB:  P00734
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS  P00734
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
  • Find similar proteins by:  Sequence   |   Structure
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Hirudin-2I11Hirudo medicinalisMutation(s): 0 
Find proteins for P28504 (Hirudo medicinalis)
Explore P28504 
Go to UniProtKB:  P28504
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
BAH
Query on BAH

Download CCD File 
H
BIS(5-AMIDINO-2-BENZIMIDAZOLYL)METHANE KETONE HYDRATE
C17 H18 N8 O2
ZLAHDRAQCSQPOC-UHFFFAOYSA-P
 Ligand Interaction
ZN
Query on ZN

Download CCD File 
H, L
ZINC ION
Zn
PTFCDOFLOPIGGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NA
Query on NA

Download CCD File 
H
SODIUM ION
Na
FKNQFGJONOIPTF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
TYS
Query on TYS
IL-PEPTIDE LINKINGC9 H11 N O6 STYR
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.90 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.242 
  • R-Value Work: 0.203 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.203 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 71.22α = 90
b = 71.88β = 100.69
c = 72.65γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
bioteXdata collection
bioteXdata reduction
X-PLORmodel building
Quantamodel building
Insight IImodel building
X-PLORrefinement
bioteXdata scaling
X-PLORphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

  • Deposited Date: 1999-07-21 
  • Released Date: 2000-07-26 
  • Deposition Author(s): Katz, B.A., Luong, C.

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2000-07-26
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-26
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Atomic model, Database references, Derived calculations, Non-polymer description, Structure summary, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2012-12-12
    Changes: Other
  • Version 1.4: 2013-03-13
    Changes: Other
  • Version 1.5: 2016-06-01
    Changes: Source and taxonomy, Structure summary
  • Version 1.6: 2017-10-04
    Changes: Advisory, Refinement description